Inhibition of phosphomannose isomerase by mercury ions.

Abstract:

:Mercury ions can inhibit Candida albicans phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) by two different processes at sub-micromolar concentrations. Kinetic studies show that mercury ions are in rapid equilibrium with the enzyme and cause a clear partial noncompetitive inhibition when mannose 6-phosphate is used as the substrate. The inhibition constants at 37 degrees C in 50 mM Hepes buffer, pH 8.0, are 35 and 57 nM for Kii and Kis, respectively. In addition to this inhibition at rapid equilibrium, mercury ions also inactivate C. albicans PMI by a much slower process, involving an irreversible mechanism. This is shown to be a two-step process, proceeding via an intermediate complex with a dissociation constant of 5.6 microM, with a maximum rate of inactivation of 0.15 min-1. The rate of irreversible inactivation can be slowed by the addition of the substrate, mannose 6-phosphate. Incubation of the enzyme with [203Hg]Cl2 causes the formation of a stable adduct with one atom of mercury incorporated into each enzyme molecule during the inactivation. Since cysteine-150 is the only iodoacetate-modifiable cysteine in the protein, we propose that this is where the mercury ion reacts during the irreversible inactivation process. In the Escherichia coli enzyme this cysteine is replaced by an asparagine, and the enzyme cannot be irreversibly inactivated by mercury ions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

journal_name

Biochemistry

journal_title

Biochemistry

authors

Wells TN,Payton MA,Proudfoot AE

doi

10.1021/bi00190a018

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-06-21 00:00:00

pages

7641-6

issue

24

eissn

0006-2960

issn

1520-4995

journal_volume

33

pub_type

杂志文章