Preferential flow of bromide, bentazon, and imidacloprid in a Dutch clay soil.

Abstract:

:Leaching to ground water and tile drains are important parts of the environmental assessment of pesticides. The aims of the present study were to (i) assess the significance of preferential flow for pesticide leaching under realistic worst-case conditions for Dutch agriculture (soil profile with thick clay layer and high rainfall) and (ii) collect a high-quality data set that is suitable for testing pesticide leaching models. The movement of water, bromide, and the pesticides bentazon [3-isopropyl-1H-2, 1,3-benzothiadiazine-4(3H)-one-2,2-dioxide] and imidacloprid [1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine] was monitored in a clay soil for about 1 yr. The 1.2-ha field was located in the central part of the Netherlands (51 degrees 53' N, 5 degrees 43' E). The soil was a Eutric Fluvisol cropped with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Tile drains were present at a 0.8- to 0.9-m depth and the ground water level fluctuated between a 0.5- and 2-m depth. All chemicals were applied in spring. None of the soil concentration profiles showed bimodal concentration distributions. However, for each substance the highest concentration in drain water was found in the first drainage event after its application, which indicates preferential flow. This preferential flow is probably caused by permanent macropores that were present in the 0.3- to 1.0-m layer. At the time of the first drainage event, the drain water concentration of each substance was about an order of magnitude higher than its ground water concentration. Thus, the flux concentrations in drain water proved to be a more sensitive detector of preferential flow than the resident concentrations in the soil profile and the ground water.

journal_name

J Environ Qual

authors

Júnior RP,Smelt JH,Boesten JJ,Hendriks RF,van der Zee SE

doi

10.2134/jeq2004.1473

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-07-01 00:00:00

pages

1473-86

issue

4

eissn

0047-2425

issn

1537-2537

pii

33/4/1473

journal_volume

33

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Simple models for phosphorus loss from manure during rainfall.

    abstract::Mechanistic, predictive equations for phosphorus (P) transport in runoff from manure-applied fields constitute a critical knowledge gap for developing nonpoint-source pollution models. We derived two simple equations to describe the P release from animal manure during a rainfall event-one based on first-order P desorp...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2003.0097

    authors: Gérard-Marchant P,Walter MT,Steenhuis TS

    更新日期:2005-04-20 00:00:00

  • Estimating Legacy Soil Phosphorus Impacts on Phosphorus Loss in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

    abstract::Agricultural nutrient management is an issue due to P loss from fields and water quality degradation. This is especially true in watersheds where a history of P application in excess of crop needs has resulted in elevated soil P (legacy P). As practices and policy are implemented in such watersheds to reduce P loss, i...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2017.12.0481

    authors: Vadas PA,Fiorellino NM,Coale FJ,Kratochvil R,Mulkey AS,McGrath JM

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence and persistence of zoonotic bacterial and protozoan pathogens in a beef cattle feedlot runoff control vegetative treatment system.

    abstract::Determining the survival of zoonotic pathogens in livestock manure and runoff is critical for understanding the environmental and public health risks associated with these wastes. The occurrence and persistence of the bacterial pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter spp. in a passive beef cattle feedlot ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0100

    authors: Berry ED,Woodbury BL,Nienaber JA,Eigenberg RA,Thurston JA,Wells JE

    更新日期:2007-10-24 00:00:00

  • Assessing site vulnerability to phosphorus loss in an agricultural watershed.

    abstract::A P index was developed as a tool to rank agricultural fields on the basis of P loss vulnerability, helping to target remedial P management options within watersheds. We evaluated two approaches, a soil P threshold and components of a P index, by comparing site vulnerability estimates derived from these two approaches...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2001.2026

    authors: Sharpley AN,McDowell RW,Weld JL,Kleinman PJ

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Septic systems as potential pollution sources in the Cannonsville Reservoir Watershed, New York.

    abstract::On-site septic systems require appropriate soil characteristics to provide effective wastewater treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate siting practices and treatment efficacy of on-site septic systems within the Cannonsville Reservoir watershed (115900 ha) in the state of New York. Using digital soil s...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2004.1989

    authors: Day L

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Soil carbon and nitrogen in 28-year-old land uses in reclaimed coal mine soils of Ohio.

    abstract::Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) play an important role in the restoration of ecosystem functions of reclaimed mine soils (RMSs). Postreclamation land use in RMSs affects soil C and N pools and fluxes. We compared the effects of 28-yr-old postreclamation land uses (forest, hay, and pasture) on selected chemical properties ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0071

    authors: Shrestha RK,Lal R

    更新日期:2007-10-24 00:00:00

  • Integrating contributing areas and indexing phosphorus loss from agricultural watersheds.

    abstract::Most states in the USA have adopted P Indexing to guide P-based management of agricultural fields by identifying the relative risk of P loss at farm and watershed scales. To a large extent, this risk is based on hydrologic principles that frequently occurring storms can initiate surface runoff from fields. Once initia...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0381

    authors: Sharpley AN,Kleinman PJ,Heathwaite AL,Gburek WJ,Weld JL,Folmar GJ

    更新日期:2008-06-23 00:00:00

  • X-Ray Fluorescence to Estimate the Maximum Temperature Reached at Soil Surface during Experimental Slash-and-Burn Fires.

    abstract::An important aspect for the evaluation of fire effects in slash-and-burn agricultural system, as well as in wildfire, is the soil burn severity. The objective of this study is to estimate the maximum temperature reached in real soil burn events using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) as an analytical tool, ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2015.06.0305

    authors: Melquiades FL,Thomaz EL

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • The evolving science of chemical risk assessment for land-applied biosolids.

    abstract::Biosolids, effluents, and manures are widely applied to agricultural land and other land with varying degrees of pretreatment or control. Regulations governing land application of biosolids take several broad forms in different countries, including limitations based on rates that do not lead to increases in background...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0114

    authors: Schoof RA,Houkal D

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differential Individual Particle Analysis (DIPA): applications in particulate matter characterization.

    abstract::Operator-controlled and computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy (CCSEM) are used extensively to characterize particulate matter in environmental media. Analysis in a scanning electron microscope (SEM) coupled with chemical extraction is a potentially powerful tool that is capable of determining how various sa...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2010.0315

    authors: Hunt A,Johnson DL

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Organic ligand effects on enzymatic dephosphorylation of myo-inositol hexakis dihydrogenphosphate in dairy wastewater.

    abstract::Animal manure contains partially digested feed fiber and grains where phosphorus (P) is bound in organic compounds that include myo-inositol 1,2,3,5/4,6-hexakis dihydrogenphosphate or phytic acid (IP6). Information is needed on the effects of other (non-IP6) organic ligands (LIGND) on the enzymatic dephosphorylation o...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Dao TH

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sorption and degradation of pesticides in nursery recycling ponds.

    abstract::Knowledge of pesticide distribution and persistence in nursery recycling pond water and sediment is critical for preventing phytotoxicity of pesticides during water reuse and to assess their impacts to the environment. In this study, sorption and degradation of four commonly used pesticides (diazinon, chlorpyrifos, ch...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2006.0123

    authors: Lu J,Wu L,Newman J,Faber B,Merhaut DJ,Gan J

    更新日期:2006-08-09 00:00:00

  • Rapid incidental phosphorus transfers from grassland.

    abstract::In Britain, frequent rainfall means that there is a high potential for rapid, direct (incidental) losses of phosphorus (P) to occur after fertilizer or manure application. However, despite the known contribution of P to the eutrophication of water bodies in Britain, such incidental transfers have received little exper...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2001.2105

    authors: Preedy N,McTiernan K,Matthews R,Heathwaite L,Haygarth P

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Carbon export from the raccoon river, iowa: patterns, processes, and opportunities.

    abstract::Farmed landscapes are engineered for productivity, and research suggests they contribute a disproportionate share of inorganic C to the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico. Here we use alkalinity and total organic C (TOC) measurements collected from the Raccoon River of Iowa to (i) evaluate inorganic and organic C co...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0159

    authors: Jones CS,Schilling KE

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adding Phosphate Fertilizer and Apple Waste to Pig Manure during Composting Mitigates Nitrogen Gas Emissions and Improves Compost Quality.

    abstract::Calcium superphosphate and apple ( Mill.) waste can be used for controlling N loss and improving compost quality during composting, whereas integrated addition of the two additives on composting process remains unexplored. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of combined use of calcium superp...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2018.11.0397

    authors: Jiang J,Kang K,Zhang C,Yan G,Lv J,Li Y

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Regional nitrate and pesticide trends in ground water in the eastern San Joaquin Valley, California.

    abstract::Protection of ground water for present and future use requires monitoring and understanding of the mechanisms controlling long-term quality of ground water. In this study, spatial and temporal trends in concentrations of nitrate and pesticides in ground water in the eastern San Joaquin Valley, California, were evaluat...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0061

    authors: Burow KR,Shelton JL,Dubrovsky NM

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Micro-x-ray fluorescence, micro-x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and micro-x-ray diffraction investigation of lead speciation after the addition of different phosphorus amendments to a smelter-contaminated soil.

    abstract::The stabilization of Pb on additions of P to contaminated soils and mine spoil materials has been well documented. It is clear from the literature that different P sources result in different efficacies of Pb stabilization in the same contaminated material. We hypothesized that the differences in the efficacy of Pb st...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2013.07.0281

    authors: Baker LR,Pierzynski GM,Hettiarachchi GM,Scheckel KG,Newville M

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of selected bioretention blends for nutrient retention using mesocosm experiments.

    abstract::This study compares the performance of three bioretention media blends for N and P removal from simulated urban runoff in experimental mesocosms. TerraSolve, Biofilter, and "VT Mix" (Virginia Tech) were compared with and without vegetation at varying hydraulic residence times (HRTs). Adsorption isotherm experiments we...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2014.01.0017

    authors: Liu J,Sample DJ,Owen JS,Li J,Evanylo G

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of land cover data on nitrous oxide inventory in fen meadows.

    abstract::Landscape representations based on land cover databases differ significantly from the real landscape. Using a land cover database with high uncertainty as input for emission inventory analyses can cause propagation of systematic and random errors. The objective of this study was to analyze how different land cover rep...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0438

    authors: Nol L,Verburg PH,Heuvelink GB,Molenaar K

    更新日期:2008-05-02 00:00:00

  • Phosphorus forms and chemistry in the soil profile under long-term conservation tillage: a phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance study.

    abstract::In many regions, conservation tillage has replaced conventional tilling practices to reduce soil erosion, improve water conservation, and increase soil organic matter. However, tillage can have marked effects on soil properties, specifically nutrient redistribution or stratification in the soil profile. The objective ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2009.0491

    authors: Cade-Menun BJ,Carter MR,James DC,Liu CW

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Response of antibiotics and resistance genes to high-intensity and low-intensity manure management.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the response of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) to manure management. A pilot field study was conducted using horse manure containing no antibiotics, into which chlortetracycline (CTC), tylosin (TYL), and monensin (MON) were spiked and compared to unspiked c...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0006

    authors: Storteboom HN,Kim SC,Doesken KC,Carlson KH,Davis JG,Pruden A

    更新日期:2007-10-16 00:00:00

  • Sequence-based source tracking of Escherichia coli based on genetic diversity of beta-glucuronidase.

    abstract::High levels of fecal bacteria are a concern for recreational waters; however, the source of contamination is often unknown. This study investigated whether direct sequencing of a bacterial gene could be utilized for detecting genetic differences between bacterial strains for microbial source tracking. A 525-nucleotide...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2004.1024

    authors: Ram JL,Ritchie RP,Fang J,Gonzales FS,Selegean JP

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Dissolution of phosphate in a phosphorus-enriched ultisol as affected by microbial reduction.

    abstract::Phosphorus dissolution often increases as soils become more reduced, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. The objectives of this research were to determine rates and mechanisms of P dissolution during microbial reduction of a surface soil from the North Carolina Coastal Plain. Duplicate suspensions of silt + c...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2004.1793

    authors: Hutchison KJ,Hesterberg D

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Perennialization and Cover Cropping Mitigate Soil Carbon Loss from Residue Harvesting.

    abstract::While the US Midwest is expected to serve as a primary feedstock source for cellulosic biofuel production, the impacts of residue harvesting on soil organic carbon (SOC) may greatly limit sustainable production capacity. However, viable feedstock production could be realized through adoption of management practices an...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2017.04.0177

    authors: Jones CD,Oates LG,Robertson GP,Izaurralde RC

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Phosphorus budgets and riverine phosphorus export in northwestern Ohio watersheds.

    abstract::Phosphorus (P) budgets for large watersheds are often used to predict trends in riverine P export. To test such predictions, we calculated annual P budgets for 1975-1995 for soils of the Maumee and Sandusky watersheds of northwestern Ohio and compared them with riverine P export from these watersheds. Phosphorus input...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2002.9600

    authors: Baker DB,Richards RP

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regional scale variability in sediment and nutrient delivery from small agricultural watersheds.

    abstract::Although many studies have pointed out the various controlling factors of sediment and nutrient delivery on a plot or watershed scale, little is known on the spatial variability of sediment and nutrient delivery on a regional scale. This study was conducted to reveal regional variations in sediment-associated nutrient...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2002.8700

    authors: Verstraeten G,Poesen J

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sorption and fractionation of dissolved organic matter and associated phosphorus in agricultural soil.

    abstract::Mobility of dissolved organic matter (DOM) strongly affects the export of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from soils to surface waters. To study the sorption and mobility of dissolved organic C and P (DOC, DOP) in soil, the pH-dependent sorption of DOM to samples from Ap, EB, and Bt horizons from a Danish agricultural...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2006.0081

    authors: Gjettermann B,Styczen M,Hansen S,Borggaard OK,Hansen HC

    更新日期:2007-04-05 00:00:00

  • Organic phosphorus fractions in organically amended paddy soils in continuously and intermittently flooded conditions.

    abstract::Soil organic phosphorus (SOP) can greatly contribute to plant-available P and P nutrition. The study was conducted to determine the effects of organic amendments on organic P fractions and microbiological activities in paddy soils. Samples were collected at the Changshu Agro-ecological Experiment Station in Tahu Lake ...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0194

    authors: Yang C,Yang L,Jianhua L

    更新日期:2006-05-31 00:00:00

  • Spatial extrapolation of soil characteristics using whole-soil particle size distributions.

    abstract::Soils support ecosystem functions such as plant growth and water quality because of certain physical, chemical, and biological properties. These properties have been studied at different spatial scales, including point scales to satisfy basic research needs, and regional scales to satisfy monitoring needs. Recently, s...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.2134/jeq2001.301101x

    authors: Shirazi MA,Boersma L,Haggerty PK,Johnson CB

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Integrating stormwater management and stream restoration strategies for greater water quality benefits.

    abstract::Urbanization alters the delivery of water and sediment to receiving streams, often leading to channel erosion and enlargement, which increases loading of sediment and nutrients, degrades habitat, and harms sensitive biota. Stormwater control measures (SCMs) are constructed in an attempt to mitigate some of these effec...

    journal_title:Journal of environmental quality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/jeq2.20047

    authors: Lammers RW,Dell TA,Bledsoe BP

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00