Functional profiles of healthy older persons.


:To learn whether the percentage of time spent at different functional levels varies as a function of age, we studied 44 older (mean age 70 years) and 46 younger (mean age 27 years) urban, community-dwelling volunteers who participated in a study of normative ageing of the cardiovascular system. Each subject completed one 24-hour activity diary which was coded using a standardized scoring system for functional activity levels and energy levels. Compared with younger persons, older persons spent larger percentage of their day performing basic (BADLs) and intermediate activities of daily living (IADLs) and less time in physical advanced activities of daily living and sleeping. Older women spent more time than younger women performing BADLs and more time than younger women or older men performing IADLs. These findings support the concept of functional changes associated with healthy ageing which may be more pronounced in women. Our results may also reflect a cohort effect that may disappear with the change of traditional sex roles.


Age Ageing


Age and ageing


Ashworth JB,Reuben DB,Benton LA




Has Abstract


1994-01-01 00:00:00












  • Reviews after one and five years in a longitudinal study of ageing persons.

    abstract::A simple random sample of older people composed of 215 men and 272 women aged 62 years and over was examined in Edinburgh in 1968-9. After one year, 86 per cent of the men and 79 per cent of the women were re-examined; 7 per cent of the men and 4 per cent of the women had died and the remainder were not re-examined fo...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Milne JS,Chopin JM

    更新日期:1975-08-01 00:00:00

  • New horizons in design for autonomous ageing.

    abstract::The world is ageing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged ≥65 will double as a proportion of the global population, from 7% to 16%, respectively. By 2050, for the first time in human history, there will be more older people than children (aged 0–14 years) in the population. More distinctive is the ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van der Cammen TJ,Albayrak A,Voûte E,Molenbroek JF

    更新日期:2017-01-05 00:00:00

  • The use of an interactive computer terminal in the assessment of cognitive function in elderly psychiatric patients.

    abstract::The use of a teaching machine is the assessment of mental function has been described by Gredye and his colleagues. This report concerns its use in testing 56 elderly patients suffering from functional psychiatric disorders of dementia. After a diagnostic interview patients were tested on the teaching machine as well ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy R,Post F

    更新日期:1975-05-01 00:00:00

  • Delay in diagnosis of colorectal cancer in elderly patients.

    abstract::The medical histories of 178 colorectal cancer patients were studied retrospectively from hospital records. The average age at the time of diagnosis was 71 years. Visible loss of blood or anaemia were the commonest features. The mean time from first symptom to first medical consultation was 82.8 days. Men under 65 yea...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kemppainen M,Räihä I,Rajala T,Sourander L

    更新日期:1993-07-01 00:00:00

  • Tobacco smoking, ageing and health among the elderly: a longitudinal population study of 70-year-old men and an age cohort comparison.

    abstract::In the population study Seventy-year-old People in Göteborg, 449 70-year-old men were examined in 1971/72. Out of these, 331 were re-examined in 1976/77 at age 75, together with a cohort-comparison group of 474 70-year-old men. Cohort differences and a lower smoking prevalence at higher ages were observed. The loss of...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mellström D,Rundgren A,Jagenburg R,Steen B,Svanborg A

    更新日期:1982-02-01 00:00:00

  • What is the prevalence of loneliness amongst older people living in residential and nursing care homes? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:the number of older people living in residential and nursing care homes is rising. Loneliness is a major problem for older people, but little is known about the prevalence of loneliness amongst older people living in care homes. AIM:to undertake a systematic review of literature on the prevalence of moderat...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gardiner C,Laud P,Heaton T,Gott M

    更新日期:2020-08-24 00:00:00

  • The association of visual field deficits and visuo-spatial neglect in acute right-hemisphere stroke patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Visuo-spatial neglect (VSN) after stroke is associated with a poor prognosis for rehabilitation. The co-existence of a visual field deficit (VFD) with VSN may be associated with impaired visuo-spatial functioning and thereby poor functional outcome. OBJECTIVE:To determine whether the presence of a VFD (i) e...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cassidy TP,Bruce DW,Lewis S,Gray CS

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Interventions to prevent and reduce excessive alcohol consumption in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:Background:harmful alcohol consumption is reported to be increasing in older people. To intervene and reduce associated risks, evidence currently available needs to be identified. Methods:two systematic reviews in older populations (55+ years): (1) Interventions to prevent or reduce excessive alcohol consumption; (2) ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Kelly S,Olanrewaju O,Cowan A,Brayne C,Lafortune L

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive scores, even within the normal range, predict death and institutionalization.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Dementia is a predictor of death and institutionalization. It is less clear if variations in cognition within the normal range predict adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE:To determine if variation at the high end of cognitive test scores predicts mortality or institutionalization, independent of the effect of poten...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: St John PD,Montgomery PR,Kristjansson B,McDowell I

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Institutionalization and the elderly: international comparisons.

    abstract::This paper is an exploratory attempt to examine international differences in the proportion of old people living in non-private households. The aim of the study was to provoke further discussion of the role which institutions play in the care of the elderly in various settings and to examine the effect of certain demo...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grundy E,Arie T

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance are associated with frailty in older adults: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:Background:diabetes increases the risk of frailty that is a leading cause of disability and premature mortality in older people. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance (IR) are strong risk factors for diabetes and could, thus, lead to frailty. However, the association between MS or IR and frailty has barely bee...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pérez-Tasigchana RF,León-Muñoz LM,Lopez-Garcia E,Gutierrez-Fisac JL,Laclaustra M,Rodríguez-Artalejo F,Guallar-Castillón P

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Capillary fragility in elderly in-patients.

    abstract::Capillary fragility has been examined in 110 elderly patients, excluding those patients who might have been expected to have abnormal fragility. Nonetheless, fragility appeared to be greater in elderly patients than in younger subjects. It was much increased in the non-paralysed arm of hemiplegic patients but not in t...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bloomer J,Morley H,Denham MJ,Hodkinson HM

    更新日期:1978-05-01 00:00:00

  • Does admission to hospital improve the outcome for stroke patients?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:to identify the factors associated with hospital admission and the differences in management and outcome of stroke patients between hospital and home. DESIGN:a prospective community stroke register (1995-8) with multiple notification sources. SETTING:an inner city multi-ethnic population of 234 533 in Sout...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhalla A,Dundas R,Rudd AG,Wolfe CD

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Infective discitis as an uncommon but important cause of back pain in older people.

    abstract:CASE REPORTS:two elderly patients (aged 70 and 80 years) presented with severe back pain and restriction of spinal movements. Inflammatory markers were raised and in each case computed tomography findings confirmed infective discitis. One patient improved with antibiotics but the second developed paraplegia, a recogniz...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goel V,Young JB,Patterson CJ

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in physical and mental health are associated with cardiovascular disease incidence in postmenopausal women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:physical and mental health are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and death among postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to assess whether changes in physical and mental health were associated with CVD incidence and death. METHODS:in the Women's Health Initiativ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saquib N,Brunner R,Desai M,Kroenke C,Martin LW,Daviglus M,Allen NB,Robinson J,Tindle H,Stefanick ML

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Blood pressure rhythm and prevalence of vascular events in hypertensive subjects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the influence of age on the day-night blood pressure rhythm and on the prevalence of vascular events in those whose systolic blood pressure (SBP) fell by <10% overnight (non-dippers). DESIGN:Cross-sectional observational cohort study. SETTING:Outpatient hypertension clinic. PARTICIPANTS:419 Hy...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Di Iorio A,Marini E,Lupinetti M,Zito M,Abate G

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Is frailty associated with life-space mobility and perceived autonomy in participation outdoors? A longitudinal study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:essential aspects of independence in community mobility among older people concern the control over where, when and how to participate (perceived autonomy), and actual mobility (life-space mobility; frequency, distance and need of assistance). We studied relationships between frailty and life-space mobility ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Portegijs E,Rantakokko M,Viljanen A,Sipilä S,Rantanen T

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of association between Helicobacter pylori infection and extracardiac atherosclerosis in dyspeptic elderly subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are conflicting data on the association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and cardiovascular diseases. AIM:To determine if there is an association between gastric HP infection and atherosclerosis of cerebral or peripheral arteries in elderly subjects. METHODS:90 dyspeptic elderly subjects ha...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilotto A,Rumor F,Franceschi M,Leandro G,Novello R,Soffiati G,Scagnelli M,Di Mario F,Valerio G

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • The association of ageing with calcium active hormone status in men.

    abstract::We measured calcium regulating hormones and bone mineral density (BMD) in 66 men (aged 24-88 years). Vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) does not vary with age, parathyroid hormone (PTH) increases after the age of 65 (p < 0.01) together with a parallel increase in urinary (r = 0.46, p < 0.05) and nephrogenic cAMP (r = 0.63, p < 0....

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ravaglia G,Forti P,Pratelli L,Maioli F,Scali CR,Bonini AM,Tedioli S,Marasti N,Pizzoferrato A,Gasbarrini G

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Intravenous cannulation alters the specificity of head-up tilt testing for vasovagal syncope in elderly patients.

    abstract::Prolonged head-up tilt is increasingly used as a diagnostic test for vasovagal syncope. Its sensitivity is reported to increase with the concurrent administration of intravenous isoprenaline. False-positive responses are common in young controls particularly following intravascular instrumentation. We studied the infl...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McIntosh SJ,Lawson J,Kenny RA

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Why should medical students study Social Gerontology?

    abstract::The General Medical Council (GMC) provides a core curriculum for all medical degrees in the UK. However, these guidelines do not provide in-depth, specific learning outcomes for the various medical specialties. Recognising our ageing population, the British Geriatrics Society in 2013 published their own supplementary ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tinker A,Hussain L,D'Cruz JL,Tai WY,Zaidman S

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of two national frailty scoring systems.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The electronic Frailty Index (eFI) has been developed in primary care settings. The Hospital Frailty Risk Score (HFRS) was derived using secondary care data. OBJECTIVE:Compare the two different tools for identifying frailty in older people admitted to hospital. DESIGN AND SETTING:Retrospective cohort study...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hollinghurst J,Housley G,Watkins A,Clegg A,Gilbert T,Conroy SP

    更新日期:2020-11-30 00:00:00

  • A double-blind comparison of quinine sulphate and placebo in muscle cramps.

    abstract::Muscle cramps are painful and common in elderly patients but have largely escaped medical investigation. Quinine sulphate is usually the sole drug prescribed, even though firm evidence for its efficacy is not available. The results of the present double-blind cross-over study show that quinine was significantly superi...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones K,Castleden CM

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying a sample of elderly people by a postal screen.

    abstract::This paper describes how a sample of elderly people were identified from the electoral register using an initial postal screen, and reports a technique that was used to increase the response to the screen. ...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cartwright A,Smith C

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • Attitudes towards the care of the aged and to a career with elderly patients among students attached to a geriatric and general medical firm.

    abstract::Studies in the United States have suggested that medical students' bias against older patients is not influenced by ad hoc courses in geriatrics. If the suggestion is correct then there should be no difference between the attitudes towards the care of the aged and to a career with elderly patients among students attac...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Peach H,Pathy MS

    更新日期:1982-08-01 00:00:00

  • New horizons in fracture risk assessment.

    abstract::Fracture is the clinical outcome of concern in osteoporosis, a disease variably defined over the last 30 years, mostly in terms of bone mineral density (BMD). However, an 'osseocentric' view of the condition may have hampered our understanding of how best to identify patients at the greatest risk of fragility fracture...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aspray TJ

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Eating alone and depression in older men and women by cohabitation status: The JAGES longitudinal survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Eating by oneself may be a risk factor for mental illness among older adults, but may be influenced by cohabitation status. We examined the association between eating alone and depression in the context of cohabitation status in older adults in Japan. DESIGN:A longitudinal, population-based study. SETTING:...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tani Y,Sasaki Y,Haseda M,Kondo K,Kondo N

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • The social behaviour of geriatric patients at mealtimes: an observational and an intervention study.

    abstract::Two studies of the social behaviour of geriatric patients are reported. In the first, lunchtime observations were made of two comparable wards in a continuing-care hospital and all episodes of social interaction recorded. There were twice as many interactions on one ward as on the other and their type and variety diff...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davies AD,Snaith PA

    更新日期:1980-05-01 00:00:00

  • Faecal incontinence in residential homes for the elderly: prevalence, aetiology and management.

    abstract::Faecal incontinence occurring at least once weekly was found in 10.3% of residents in 30 residential homes for the elderly. Fifty-two randomly-selected incontinent residents were prescribed treatment and the outcome was compared with 30 incontinent residents acting as controls. The vast majority of all incontinent res...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Tobin GW,Brocklehurst JC

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • New horizons in deprescribing for older people.

    abstract::Deprescribing has gained interest recently, driven by an ageing population seeing an increasing number living with multiple long-term conditions. This, coupled with disease-specific guidelines derived from clinical trials in younger people, has led to an increase in exposure to polypharmacy and the associated therapeu...

    journal_title:Age and ageing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woodford HJ,Fisher J

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00