Quantitation of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide, and morphine-6-glucuronide in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid using solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.

Abstract:

:An original, sensitive, and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay was developed for the quantitation of morphine and its two major metabolites, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), in human plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in rat plasma, using hydromorphone as the internal standard. Solid-phase extraction was used to separate morphine and its glucuronide metabolites from plasma constituents. Extraction efficiencies of morphine, M3G, and M6G from human plasma samples (0.5 ml) were 84, 87, and 88%, respectively. Extraction efficiencies of morphine, M3G, and M6G did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) between human plasma and CSF or rat plasma. Morphine, M3G, M6G, and hydromorphone were separated on a 10 mu C8 Resolve radially compressed cartridge using a mobile phase comprising methanol:acetonitrile:phosphate buffer, (0.0125M pH 7.5; 10:10:80), in which 11 mg/L of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (cetrimide) was dissolved. Quantitation was achieved using a single electrochemical detector at ambient temperature (23 degrees C). Standard curves were linear over the ranges 0.020-2.190, 0.027-2.709, and 0.027-0.542 microM for morphine, M3G, and M6G, respectively. Lower limits of detection for morphine, M3G, and M6G in human plasma and CSF samples (0.5 ml) were 0.020, 0.027, and 0.027 microM, respectively. Corresponding lower limits of detection in rat plasma (0.1 ml) were 0.102, 0.135, and 0.135 microM, respectively. Intraassay precision for low and high concentrations of morphine, M3G, and M6G were < 23 and < 8% respectively. Similarly, interassay accuracy for low and medium concentrations of morphine, M3G, and M6G were < 17% and were < 9% for high concentrations.

journal_name

Ther Drug Monit

authors

Wright AW,Watt JA,Kennedy M,Cramond T,Smith MT

doi

10.1097/00007691-199404000-00016

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-04-01 00:00:00

pages

200-8

issue

2

eissn

0163-4356

issn

1536-3694

journal_volume

16

pub_type

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