"The visible skeleton series": the art of Laura Ferguson.


:Laura Ferguson's The Visible Skeleton Series constitutes an artistic self-representation of scoliosis. Ferguson employs high-tech medical imaging and innovative graphical techniques to suggest a novel view of her skeletal "deformity." This section presents introductions to the series by a historian of medicine and by the artist herself, and offers personal and professional reflections on the work from an orthopedic surgeon, a social worker with lived experience of cleft lip, and a retired pediatric forensic pathologist.


Perspect Biol Med


Dreger AD,Ferguson L,Aspinall C,Polly DW Jr,Beckwith JB




Has Abstract


2004-04-01 00:00:00












  • When ethics precludes randomization: put prospective, matched-pair observational studies to work.

    abstract::Randomized, controlled clinical trials (RCTs) may be possible, permissible, and practical in certain circumstances, but ethical or practical considerations often preclude their utilization. In many such cases, ethical objections will not apply to a similarly oriented, prospective, matched-pair observational study. Add...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kowalski CJ

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Creating difficulties everywhere.

    abstract::In this essay we link the rationale for the medical humanities with radical hermeneutics, a move that infuses the medical humanities with incredulity and suspicion. This orientation is particularly important at this historical moment, when the evidence-based and competency blanket is threatening to overpower all aspec...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Wear D,Aultman JM

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Telling stories about illness and disability: the limits and lessons of narrative.

    abstract::Autobiographical narratives of illness and disability are influential in popular and medical discourses of illness and disability, in part because these narratives represent illness and disability within a sociocultural context, intersecting with other categories of difference. Clinicians can benefit patients through ...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garden R

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Decision-Making for Children with Disabilities: Parental Discretion and Moral Ambiguity.

    abstract::We argue that medical decisions on behalf of children should be made with the welfare of the child as the primary interest, that parents should generally be allowed to determine which options optimize the interests of their child, and that those decisions should be formally challenged only when the parental decision p...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Diekema DS,Wilfond BS

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • A Less Perfect Union.

    abstract::This is a daunting time, not only in terms of our public health and our economic health but also in terms of the health of the republic. It is an old theme that any form of popular government needs virtuous citizens if it is to survive. It also needs citizens to agree on what counts as a virtue. I fear that the pandem...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brudney D

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Birth Narratives, Babies, and the Catholic Moral Imagination: Informing Influences on the Pope's Address.

    abstract::This commentary considers two informing influences on Pope Francis's support of perinatal hospice care for families facing diagnoses of serious fetal anomalies. Reflecting on the morally formative scriptural narrative of Mary's pregnancy and Jesus's birth and drawing upon an often-repeated idea of Pope Francis's papac...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hardt J

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Is the Pace of Biomedical Innovation Slowing?

    abstract::The pace of biomedical innovation is important because it determines the rate of progress in medicine and allied disciplines. A review of the history of medical advances reveals that the three decades from 1950 to 1980 were a particularly innovative time. Subsequent decades have seen fewer seminal advances, despite co...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casadevall A

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dean Milton C. Winternitz at Yale.

    abstract::Milton Winternitz led Yale Medical School as its Dean from 1920 to 1935. An innovative, even maverick leader, he not only kept the school from going under, but turned it into a first-class research institution. Dedicated to the new scientific medicine established in Germany, he was equally fervent about "social medici...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Spiro H,Norton PW

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Medicine in the age of " Ulysses ": James Joyce's portrait of life, medicine, and disease on a Dublin day a century ago.

    abstract::Over time, contemporary writing becomes part of the historical record. In medicine, it is an important learning tool, particularly for understanding the experience and context of disease and illness. Although a century has elapsed since the fictional events on a single day described in James Joyce's Ulysses, the work ...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Shanahan F,Quigley EM

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Charles Dickens and the movement for sanitary reform.

    abstract::Charles Dickens's adult life parallels the period when the movement for sanitary reform took root in England. Although he was not one of its leaders, he became in time one of its most outspoken advocates. This essay describes Dickens's growing involvement in the sanitary movement and looks at one of the most important...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Litsios S

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Let the shoemaker stick to his last: a defense of the "old" public health.

    abstract::The traditional forms of public health law were directed largely toward communicable diseases and other externalities, such as pollution, with negative health impacts. The more modern view treats any health issue that affects large numbers of individuals as one of public health, which would include such problems as ob...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Epstein RA

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Redefining disease? The nosologic implications of molecular genetic knowledge.

    abstract::How will developments in genetic knowledge affect the classification of disease? Leaders in genetics have suggested that knowledge of the role of genes in disease can determine nosology. Diseases might be defined by genotype, thus avoiding the limitations of more empirical approaches to categorization. Other commentat...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller FA,Begbie ME,Giacomini M,Ahern C,Harvey EA

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Heuristics and Explanation in Translational Medicine.

    abstract::The reigning paradigm of rational drug discovery in translational medicine attempts to exploit biological theories and pathophysiological explanations to identify novel drug targets and therapeutic strategies. Yet because many theories in medicine are either incomplete (at best) or false (at worst), relying on theoret...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hey SP

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Contested boundaries: psychiatry, disease, and diagnosis.

    abstract::Since the 19th century, we have come to think of disease in terms of specific entities--entities defined and legitimated in terms of characteristic somatic mechanisms. Since the last third of that century, we have expanded would-be disease categories to include an ever-broader variety of emotional pain, idiosyncrasy, ...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Rosenberg CE

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Serving the Very Sick, Very Frail, and Very Old: Geriatrics, Palliative Care, and Clinical Ethics.

    abstract::How can we provide the best care for growing numbers of very frail, very sick, or very old people? The disciplines of geriatrics, palliative care, and clinical ethics each have a good deal to offer to improve care for elders, yet each field is saddled with heavy historical baggage. Using a case as a springboard, we ad...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith AK,Micco G

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Repeat participation among normal healthy research volunteers: professional guinea pigs in clinical trials?

    abstract::The recent death of a normal healthy volunteer, as well as the increased use of normal volunteers as research subjects, has heightened the attention given to the participation of normal volunteers in clinical research. An overlooked sub-population of normal healthy volunteers are repeat, veteran volunteers. This essay...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tishler CL,Bartholomae S

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • What Hospitalists Should Know About Intersex Adults.

    abstract::An intersex condition is one in which an individual is born with atypical male or female external genitalia, gonads, hormones, or chromosomes. Older terms, such as pseudohermaphroditism and hermaphroditism, are controversial, leading the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society (LWPES) and the European Society for P...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reis E,McCarthy MW

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • The placebo response: its putative role as a functional salutogenic mechanism of the central nervous system.

    abstract::The concept of placebo has evolved over time. Generally believed to be the basis of the premodern pharmacopoeia, the placebo has been adopted in practice as a harmless but unscientific approach towards alleviating symptoms. Currently, many medical scientists view placebos pejoratively as confounding elements in the an...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kradin RL

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Putting concerns about nature in context: the case of agricultural biotechnology.

    abstract::Concerns about nature are playing increasingly prominent roles in a variety of social debates, including medical biotechnology, environmental protection, and agricultural biotechnology. These concerns are often simply rejected as incoherent: critics argue that there is no good account for how natural states of affairs...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaebnick GE

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Science without laws.

    abstract::During the 1970s, something deeply consequential happened in the cultural, economic, and social relationships between science and technology. Paul Forman has proposed that the abrupt reversal of the culturally ascribed primacy in the science-technology relationship circa 1980 be taken as a demarcation of postmodernity...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schweber SS

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Notions of heredity in the correspondence of Edwin Grant Conklin.

    abstract::This article examines five letters from the correspondence of American zoologist Edwin Grant Conklin that highlight his theories of genetic and social inheritance, in order to suggest that Conklin's eugenic beliefs--like those of many American authorities during this time--were complex and sometimes contradictory. The...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Reumann M,Fausto-Sterling A

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Conceiving wholeness: women, motherhood, and ovarian transplantation, 1902 and 2004.

    abstract::Scholars have shown that organ transplantation may transform ideas about one's body, with recipients feeling that they are receiving not just a body part but also a part of the donor's identity. This article focuses on a different way in which organ transplantation shapes recipient identity: the idea of becoming whole...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Rodriguez SB,Campo-Engelstein L

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Tobacco habit: historical, cultural, neurobiological, and genetic features of people's relationship with an addictive drug.

    abstract::This article reviews the cultural history of man's relationship with tobacco and the steps in the discovery of tobacco addiction. Nicotine dependence (ND) or nicotine addiction (NA), among other forms of drug addiction, continues to be a significant public health problem in the world, as it is associated with major se...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Russo P,Nastrucci C,Alzetta G,Szalai C

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical Germline Genome Editing: When Will Good be Good Enough?

    abstract::Ensuring experimental outcomes are of the highest clinical caliber is crucial prior to the introduction of germline genome editing. However, if we are to police scientific progress using probability or the potential to go wrong, then we must account for the specious standards of human reproduction. With 15% of clinica...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Neill HC

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Head-counting vs. heart-counting: an examination of the recent case of the conjoined twins from Malta.

    abstract::This paper reexamines the recent case of the conjoined twins from Malta. Survival was said to be possible only through separation, which would actually leave only one twin alive. The parents refused to allow the killing of one to save the other, but the court ruled that this would amount to the neglect of innocent lif...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Barilan YM

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD)--one or several diseases? Changes in the prevalence and features of CHD.

    abstract::In retrospect, mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the 20th century followed an epidemic pattern: mortality rates increased dramatically from 1920 until about 1960, remained roughly constant for almost a decade, and have been decreasing since the late 1960s. CHD has traditionally been conceived of as a sing...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Azambuja MI,Levins R

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Origins of the classical gene concept, 1900-1950: genetics, mechanistic, philosophy, and the capitalization of agriculture.

    abstract::In the period of "classical genetics" (roughly 1915-950), the common view of the gene was mechanistic--hat is, genes were seen as individual, atomistic units, as material components of the chromosomes. Although it was recognized early on that genes could interact and influence each other's expression, they were still ...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Allen GE

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Futility: Definition and Goals.

    abstract::Schneiderman, Jecker, and Jonsen (2017) correctly take issue with a recent multi-society statement that attempts to replace most uses of the term futility with "inappropriate treatment." However, they mistakenly categorize any treatment of permanent unconsciousness as futile. Futility can be readily defined as an inte...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Brody H

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Haunted Doctors.

    abstract::The idea of being "haunted" appears often in accounts of the experience of health-care professionals and trainees who suffer from unresolved sorrow or regret about past clinical events, in particular the deaths of patients. The trope of haunting draws a direct line between past professional trauma and the dread of fut...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Belling C

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • A natural history of "agonist".

    abstract::This paper constructs a brief history of the biochemical term agonist by exploring the multiple meanings of the root agôn in ancient Greek literature and describing how agonist first appeared in the scientific literature of the 20th century in the context of neurophysiologists' debates about the existence and properti...

    journal_title:Perspectives in biology and medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Russo R

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00