Clinical and subclinical ophthalmic findings with retinol deficiency.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Patients at risk for retinol deficiency in developed countries include those with hepatic dysfunction and malabsorption states. Symptoms of retinol deficiency may go unrecognized or unreported. METHODS:The authors describe 15 patients with hepatic dysfunction, two of whom had procedures that would predispose to malabsorption and were ophthalmologically symptomatic of retinol depletion. The other 13 patients were ophthalmologically asymptomatic liver transplant candidates examined prospectively for subclinical evidence of retinol deficiency. Combined laboratory analysis, Schirmer's testing, conjunctival impression cytology, and electroretinography were performed. RESULTS:Twelve of 15 patients had serum retinol levels below the lower limit of normal. Aqueous tear production was reduced in 7 of 14 patients. Abnormal conjunctival morphology was noted in 6 of 12 patients. Electroretinograms were abnormal in the two patients who were visually symptomatic and in seven of nine patients who were ophthalmologically asymptomatic. CONCLUSION:Subclinical, physiologically significant retinol deficiency may be a frequent and unrecognized problem among patients with hepatic dysfunction.

journal_name

Ophthalmology

journal_title

Ophthalmology

authors

Newman NJ,Capone A,Leeper HF,O'Day DG,Mandell B,Lambert SR,Thoft RA

doi

10.1016/s0161-6420(94)38029-8

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-06-01 00:00:00

pages

1077-83

issue

6

eissn

0161-6420

issn

1549-4713

pii

S0161-6420(94)31215-2

journal_volume

101

pub_type

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