Cervical cancer among Hmong women in California, 1988 to 2000.


BACKGROUND:The Hmong immigrated to the United States from Laos after the Vietnam conflict ended. Hmong encounter numerous readjustment issues, including health care. Traditional Hmong health beliefs and practices encompass more spiritual than biological etiologies. Hmong usually seek the first course of treatment from traditional healers, as they had in Laos. This practice delays early diagnosis and treatment of disease because biomedicine is used only as a last resort. This study examined cervical cancer incidence, mortality, and other tumor characteristics in the Hmong female population of California between 1988 and 2000. METHODS:Data from the California Cancer Registry were used to calculate annual average incidence, mortality, and age-specific rates for Hmong women diagnosed with cervical cancer. The population at risk was estimated with linear interpolation using data from the 1990 and 2000 censuses. RESULTS:Hmong women experienced incidence and mortality rates three and four times higher than Asian/Pacific Islander and non-Hispanic white women, respectively. Fifty-one percent of Hmong women chose no treatment, compared to 5.8% for Asian/Pacific Islander women and 4.8% for non-Hispanic white women. Hmong women aged >/= 40 years carried an unequal burden of cervical cancer. They were more likely to be diagnosed with cervical cancer at later stages and poorer histologic grades, and had a lower survival rate than younger Hmong females. CONCLUSIONS:Cervical cancer is clearly a public health issue that threatens the health and well-being of Hmong women. Culturally sensitive screening and prevention programs need to be developed to target older Hmong women using bilingual and bicultural Hmong women health educators using verbal communication.


Am J Prev Med


Yang RC,Mills PK,Riordan DG




Has Abstract


2004-08-01 00:00:00














  • The Affordability of Providing Sexually Transmitted Disease Services at a Safety-net Clinic.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sexually transmitted diseases continue to increase in the U.S. There is a growing need for financially viable models to ensure the longevity of safety-net sexually transmitted disease clinics, which provide testing and treatment to high-risk populations. This micro-costing analysis estimated the number of ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dean LT,Montgomery MC,Raifman J,Nunn A,Bertrand T,Almonte A,Chan PA

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Paid counter-advertising: proven strategy to combat tobacco use and promotion.

    abstract::This article discusses the effectiveness of paid counter-advertising in combating tobacco use and promotion, the impact of the Fairness Doctrine, which mandated anticigarette television advertisements in the late 1960s, and reasons why the media today are reluctant to run antismoking advertisements. Although counter-a...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blum A

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • The physical environment and physical activity: a critical appraisal of review articles.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Over the last few years an increasing number of studies investigating the association between the physical environment and physical activity have been published. Many reviews have also summarized this emerging body of research, and such review papers are frequently used by public health policymakers and rese...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gebel K,Bauman AE,Petticrew M

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Health consciousness and health behavior: the application of a new health consciousness scale.

    abstract::Self-consciousness has been an important trait in personality research. It seems logical to investigate whether health consciousness, involving a similar self-focusing, might operate in a parallel manner. To this end, I developed the Health Consciousness Scale (HCS), primarily by modifying items of the Self-Consciousn...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gould SJ

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Personal, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity in Native American women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Rates of physical activity among Native American women are low, and few studies have assessed the factors associated with physical activity in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among physical activity and various personal, social environmental, and physical environm...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson JL,Wolfe VK,Wilson N,Pardilla MN,Perez G

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescent participation in sports and adult physical activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Physical activity in adolescence has been reported to enhance physical activity in adulthood, but detailed information on the enhancing effect of different types of adolescent sports is lacking. We evaluated the association between participation in different types of adolescent sports and physical activity i...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tammelin T,Näyhä S,Hills AP,Järvelin MR

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recent changes in the spatial pattern of prostate cancer in the U.S.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Spatial-temporal trends in prostate cancer mortality are of interest because of the introduction and increasing use of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening test after 1986. This article describes spatial-temporal changes in U.S. prostate cancer mortality from 1968 to 1998. METHODS:Prostate cancer...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogerson PA,Sinha G,Han D

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • National Academy of Medicine Social and Behavioral Measures: Associations With Self-Reported Health.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Social and behavioral factors play important roles in physical and mental health; however, they are not routinely assessed in the healthcare system. A brief panel of measures of social and behavioral determinants of health (SBDs) were recommended in a National Academy of Medicine report for use in electron...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prather AA,Gottlieb LM,Giuse NB,Koonce TY,Kusnoor SV,Stead WW,Adler NE

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Lifestyle-Related Factors and Total Mortality in a Mediterranean Prospective Cohort.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Lifestyle-related habits have a strong influence on morbidity and mortality worldwide. This study investigates the association between a multidimensional healthy lifestyle score and all-cause mortality risk, including in the score some less-studied lifestyle-related factors. METHODS:Participants (n=20,094...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruiz-Estigarribia L,Martínez-González MÁ,Díaz-Gutiérrez J,Gea A,Rico-Campà A,Bes-Rastrollo M

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Large Health Systems' Prevention Guideline Implementation: A Qualitative Study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Health systems now employ more than half of U.S. physicians. They have the potential to affect primary care through decision support and financial incentives around clinical prevention guidelines. The processes by which they respond to and implement clinical guidelines remain largely unexplored. METHODS:I...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doherty JA,Crelia SJ,Smith MW,Rosenblum SF,Rumsey EM,Mabry-Hernandez IR,Ngo-Metzger Q

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • What are we trying to measure? The problems of case ascertainment.

    abstract::To determine the incidence of a particular phenomenon, one has to know how that phenomenon is defined. The term "shaken baby syndrome" (SBS) came into general usage in the 1980s, followed by shaken impact syndrome (SIS), inflicted childhood neurotrauma, abusive head trauma (AHT), inflicted traumatic brain injury (infl...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reece RM

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • A Post-Discharge Smoking-Cessation Intervention for Hospital Patients: Helping Hand 2 Randomized Clinical Trial.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Hospitalization provides an opportunity for smokers to quit, but tobacco-cessation interventions started in hospital must continue after discharge to be effective. This study aimed to improve the scalability of a proven effective post-discharge intervention by incorporating referral to a telephone quitline...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rigotti NA,Tindle HA,Regan S,Levy DE,Chang Y,Carpenter KM,Park ER,Kelley JH,Streck JM,Reid ZZ,Ylioja T,Reyen M,Singer DE

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Naloxone Availability in Retail Pharmacies and Neighborhood Inequities in Access.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:This study examines the implementation of North Carolina's statewide naloxone standing order and identifies community characteristics associated with pharmacy stocking and willingness to sell naloxone under the standing order. METHODS:In April-June 2019, a mystery caller protocol was completed to assess i...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Egan KL,Foster SE,Knudsen AN,Lee JGL

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Lyme disease and preventive behaviors in residents of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To determine the age-specific prevalence of Lyme disease and whether preventive behaviors on Nantucket Island correlate with Lyme disease, we surveyed island residents. METHODS:A survey with questions on Lyme disease symptoms, history, and preventive behaviors was mailed to all residents. Respondents were s...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips CB,Liang MH,Sangha O,Wright EA,Fossel AH,Lew RA,Fossel KK,Shadick NA

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Early Weight Loss and Treatment Response: Data From a Lifestyle Change Program in Clinical Practice.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a predictive model for the early identification of nonresponders to a 12-month lifestyle change program in clinical practice. METHODS:Investigators identified lifestyle change program participants in the electronic health records of a large healthcare ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Romanelli RJ,Sudat S,Huang Q,Pressman AR,Azar K

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • State-Level Beer Excise Tax and Firearm Homicide in Adolescents and Young Adults.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:This study sought to determine the association between changes in state-level beer excise tax and firearm homicide rates among individuals aged 15-34years. METHODS:A time series analysis with synthetic controls was conducted for the years 2003-2015. Exposed states changed the beer excise tax during the st...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tessler RA,Mooney SJ,Quistberg DA,Rowhani-Rahbar A,Vavilala MS,Rivara FP

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Agricultural subsidies and the American obesity epidemic.

    abstract::Government-issued agricultural subsidies are worsening obesity trends in America. Current agricultural policy remains largely uninformed by public health discourse. Although findings suggest that eliminating all subsidies would have a mild impact on the prevalence of obesity, a revision of commodity programs could hav...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Franck C,Grandi SM,Eisenberg MJ

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding Research Gaps and Priorities for Improving Behavioral Counseling Interventions: Lessons Learned From the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

    abstract::Behavioral counseling interventions can address significant causes of preventable morbidity and mortality. However, despite a growing evidence base for behavioral counseling interventions, there remain significant research gaps that limit translating the evidence into clinical practice. Using U.S. Preventive Services ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kurth AE,Miller TL,Woo M,Davidson KW

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Sugar-Sweetened Beverage and Water Intake in Relation to Diet Quality in U.S. Children.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake. METHODS:Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutri...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leung CW,DiMatteo SG,Gosliner WA,Ritchie LD

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of community health workers in the care of people with hypertension.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The contributions of community health workers (CHWs) in the delivery of culturally relevant programs for hypertension control have been studied since the 1970s. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of CHWs in supporting the care of people with hypertension. METHODS:Computerized searches were co...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brownstein JN,Chowdhury FM,Norris SL,Horsley T,Jack L Jr,Zhang X,Satterfield D

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Teen driving: motor-vehicle crashes and factors that contribute.

    abstract::The motor-vehicle crash risk of novice teen drivers is unacceptably high. This article examines the historical trends in fatal crash rates for male and female teen drivers as compared to adult drivers by both population and person-miles driven. The effect of motor-vehicle policies on teen driver crashes, characteristi...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shope JT,Bingham CR

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Child height and the risk of young-adult obesity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Childhood obesity is a major risk factor for adult obesity, and obese children tend to be taller than their normal-weight peers. PURPOSE:The aim of this study is to evaluate whether childhood height influences the probability that normal or overweight children become overweight young adults. METHODS:The st...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Stovitz SD,Hannan PJ,Lytle LA,Demerath EW,Pereira MA,Himes JH

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Delayed Homelessness After Military Discharge: Examination of a Sleeper Effect.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Addressing veteran homelessness is a major federal priority, but there has been little research on the period between military discharge and homelessness. There are public concerns about new waves of homelessness among recent veterans and questions about a possible sleeper effect, that is, a delayed risk t...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai J,Szymkowiak D,Pietrzak RH

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric smoking prevention interventions delivered by care providers: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To conduct a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of smoking prevention interventions for youth delivered via medical or dental providers' offices. METHODS:Online bibliographic databases were searched as of July 2002, and reference lists from review articles and the selected articles were also r...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Christakis DA,Garrison MM,Ebel BE,Wiehe SE,Rivara FP

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Association of Worksite Food Purchases and Employees' Overall Dietary Quality and Health.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Most Americans spend half their waking hours at work and consume food acquired there. The hypothesis was that the healthfulness of worksite food purchases was associated with employees' overall diet and health. METHODS:Participants were 602 hospital employees who regularly used worksite cafeterias and enr...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCurley JL,Levy DE,Rimm EB,Gelsomin ED,Anderson EM,Sanford JM,Thorndike AN

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Screening for osteoporosis in the adult U.S. population: ACPM position statement on preventive practice.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Osteoporosis is a common and costly disease that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of direct evidence supporting the benefits of bone mineral density (BMD) screening on osteoporosis outcomes. However, there is indirect evidence to support screening for osteoporosis given the avail...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引,评审


    authors: Lim LS,Hoeksema LJ,Sherin K,ACPM Prevention Practice Committee.

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Broadening the Perspective on Gun Violence: An Examination of the Firearms Industry, 1990-2015.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Firearm violence injures or kills 100,000 Americans each year. This paper applies the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment model to this issue. Research on firearm violence tends to focus on two elements-the host (i.e., victims of firearm violence) and the environment (i.e., gun policies)-but little attention has...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith VM,Siegel M,Xuan Z,Ross CS,Galea S,Kalesan B,Fleegler E,Goss KA

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Foods and beverages associated with higher intake of sugar-sweetened beverages.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with higher caloric intakes, the amount SSBs contribute to higher intakes has not been addressed. PURPOSE:To estimate the amount SSBs contribute to higher caloric intakes and determine how the diets of SSB consumers and nonconsumers diff...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathias KC,Slining MM,Popkin BM

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Healthy People 2010 objectives for unintentional injury and violence among adolescents. Trends from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 1999-2009.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In 2000, the USDHHS released Healthy People 2010 (HP2010), a series of disease prevention and health promotion objectives for the nation. Thirty-nine of these objectives were dedicated to injury prevention and six of these objectives related to adolescents, who were tracked through CDC's National Youth Risk ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olsen EO,Hertz MF,Shults RA,Hamburger ME,Lowry R

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Activating patients to practice skin cancer prevention: response to mailed materials from physicians versus HMOs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated whether the source and emphasis of mailed messages about skin cancer would differentially activate patients to initiate skin cancer prevention by calling a toll-free number. METHODS:We mailed a questionnaire to 981 randomly selected patients of a large medical group to assess their concern a...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerbert B,Wolff M,Tschann JM,McPhee SJ,Caspers NM,Martin MJ,Saulovich A

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00