Residual lung volume and ventilatory muscle strength changes following maximal and submaximal exercise.


:In order to evaluate a mechanism which may be responsible for the often observed acute increase in residual lung volume (RV) following exercise, 12 non-smoking males (20-30 yrs) performed two bouts of exercise on separate days; one to maximal heart rate (HRmax) and one to 85% of HRmax for 20 min. Prior to exercise and at 5, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min post-exercise, the following parameters were measured: RV, forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV1.0), forced expiratory flow (FEF75-85), maximal expiratory pressure (PEmax), and maximal inspiratory pressure (PImax). Significant (p < 0.05) increases occurred in RV at 5, 15 and 30 min following maximal exercise and at 5 and 30 min after submaximal exercise. Changes in RV between the two exercise bouts were generally greater (p < 0.05) for maximal exercise. Accompanying the increases in RV were significant (p < 0.05) decreases in PEmax and decreases in FVC, while FEV1.0 and FEF75-85 remained generally unchanged or were slightly elevated. The data suggest that decreases in expiratory muscle strength due to fatigue may in part be responsible for increases in RV.


Int J Sports Med


Cordain L,Rode EJ,Gotshall RW,Tucker A




Has Abstract


1994-04-01 00:00:00












  • Determination of E-rosette-forming lymphocytes in aged subjects with Taichiquan exercise.

    abstract::T-lymphocytes were determined by rosette formation with sheep erythrocytes in the peripheral blood obtained from 30 healthy aged subjects who were practicing Taichiquan (88 style) exercise and 30 age-matched normal aged who served as a control group. At rest the total number of T-lymphocytes and the number of active T...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sun XS,Xu Y,Xia YJ

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Artistic versus rhythmic gymnastics: effects on bone and muscle mass in young girls.

    abstract::We compared 35 prepubertal girls, 9 artistic gymnasts and 13 rhythmic gymnasts with 13 nonphysically active controls to study the effect of gymnastics on bone and muscle mass. Lean mass, bone mineral content and areal density were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and physical fitness was also assessed. Th...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vicente-Rodriguez G,Dorado C,Ara I,Perez-Gomez J,Olmedillas H,Delgado-Guerra S,Calbet JA

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of marathon cycling on renal function.

    abstract::The stress of strenuous long-term exercise may alter renal function. Whether this is also true for marathon cycling is unknown so far. The purpose of this study was to evaluate renal function following competitive marathon cycling. We investigated 38-male, well-trained recreational cyclists credibly not taking any kin...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neumayr G,Pfister R,Hoertnagl H,Mitterbauer G,Getzner W,Ulmer H,Gaenzer H,Joannidis M

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Validity and Reliability of a New Device to Measure Type of Actions in Indoor Sports.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity and the reliability of the intensity ranges, number of actions and changes of direction measured by a commercial inertial measurement unit. Eleven elite youth futsal players performed a circuit with different type of displacements as sprinting, running at low-mediu...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lago-Fuentes C,Aiello P,Testa M,Muñoz I,Calvo MM

    更新日期:2020-10-05 00:00:00

  • Validity of breathing frequency to monitor exercise intensity in trained cyclists.

    abstract::This study compared breathing frequency (fB) during a ventilation threshold (VT) test with fB during a simulated 40 km time trial (40TT) to assess whether fB can be used to monitor exercise intensity. Twenty-six male cyclists (mean +/- SD VO2max = 4.42 +/- 0274 l.min-1) performed an incremental VT ergometer test and a...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neary JP,Bhambhani YN,Quinney HA

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Iron deficiency in distance runners. A reinvestigation using Fe-labelling and non-invasive liver iron quantification.

    abstract::In a group of male distance runners, 23 out of 45 athletes showed decreased serum ferritin values (< 35 micrograms). The high prevalence of a typical iron deficiency in runners was confirmed in a subgroup of eight athletes in which the iron metabolism was studied in detail using radio-iron labelling and liver iron qua...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nachtigall D,Nielsen P,Fischer R,Engelhardt R,Gabbe EE

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Selected Biomarkers in the Acute and Cumulative Physiological Stress Response in Professional Rugby Union through Non-invasive Assessment.

    abstract::Rugby union is a sport involving high force and frequency impacts making the likelihood of injury a significant risk. The aim of this study was to measure and report the individual and group acute and cumulative physiological stress response during 3 professional rugby games through non-invasive sampling. 24 professio...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindsay A,Lewis JG,Scarrott C,Gill N,Gieseg SP,Draper N

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Sport climbing with pre-existing cardio-pulmonary medical conditions.

    abstract::Over the past 25 years sport climbing has developed from an elite extreme sport subculture pursued by few into a mainstream recreational sport enjoyed globally by climbers of all ages, climbing abilities, and with pre-existing health conditions. As the demands and grades of climbing difficulty have increased over this...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kuepper T,Morrison A,Gieseler U,Schoeffl V

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Beneficial Effects of Ischemic Preconditioning in Resistance Exercise Fade Over Time.

    abstract::This study evaluated the effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on resistance exercise performance in upper limbs. After 12-RM load determination, 21 men attended 4 trials separated by 3 days in a randomized crossover design: IPC (4×5-min occlusion 220 mmHg/reperfusion 0 mmHg) in arms and in thighs, and SHAM (equal ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Marocolo M,Marocolo IC,da Mota GR,Simão R,Maior AS,Coriolano HJ

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in footprint with resistance exercise.

    abstract::We aimed to describe the changes in footprint characteristics after 2 types of resistance training sessions performed at different intensities. 18 young subjects (8 men and 10 women) volunteered for the study. All of them performed 2 different resistance training sessions, one with light loads (LS) and the other with ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jimenez-Ormeño E,Aguado X,Delgado-Abellan L,Mecerreyes L,Alegre LM

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Exercise Intensity on Microvascular Function in Obese Adolescents.

    abstract::The optimal exercise modality for the improvement of health-related parameters and microvascular function in obese adolescents is not yet fully understood. Therefore, this study aimed to 1) compare the microvascular phenotype of obese and normal-weight adolescents; and 2) to determine the effects of a lifestyle interv...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrissey C,Montero D,Raverdy C,Masson D,Amiot MJ,Vinet A

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Persistent exercise intolerance following cardiac transplantation despite normal oxygen transport.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:To define the respective roles of the periphery and central oxygen transport in the exercise limitation of heart transplanted patients (HTR), we compared 11 HTR (15.1 +/- 10.8 months after transplantation) to six age and weight matched normal controls (C), during an incremental exercise test (30 W/3 min step...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mettauer B,Lampert E,Petitjean P,Bogui P,Epailly E,Schnedecker B,Geny B,Eisenmann B,Haberey P,Lonsdorfer J

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of sex on wasted left ventricular effort following maximal exercise.

    abstract::Wasted left ventricular effort (∆Ew) refers to work required of the left ventricle to eject blood that does not result in increased stroke volume and is related to left ventricular hypertrophy. Literature shows that men and women have differing ventricular and vascular responses to and following exercise. Our purpose ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lane AD,Ranadive SM,Yan H,Kappus RM,Cook MD,Sun P,Woods JA,Wilund K,Fernhall B

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hormonal and metabolic effects following a football match.

    abstract::Hormonal and metabolic parameters were studied for two teams after a football match. Blood samples were collected before the start, at half-time, at the end, and 45 and 90 min after the end of the game. In the first team, ACTH, cortisol, and lactate levels increased significantly during the whole match to resume basal...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carli G,Bonifazi M,Lodi L,Lupo C,Martelli G,Viti A

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Hormonal changes after supine posture, immersion, and swimming.

    abstract::This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of the supine posture, immersion, and swimming on hormones involved in the regulation of hydrosaline equilibrium. Plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma renin activity (PRA), and aldosterone (ALDO) were measured by radioim...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Viti A,Lupo C,Lodi L,Bonifazi M,Martelli G

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Brain serotonin reuptake did not change during one year in overtrained athletes.

    abstract::Brain 5-HT neurotransmission has been described to be down-regulated in depressed people, and also suspected to be changed in overtraining state, the consequence of long-term physical overloading and stress in athletes. We studied brain serotonin (5-HT) transporter binding i.e., 5-HT reuptake with the specific radioli...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uusitalo AL,Vanninen E,Valkonen-Korhonen M,Kuikka JT

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Routine blood parameters in elite soccer players.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Often blood screening is repeatedly done in elite athletes although training and competition can affect its results and normal ranges for highly active individuals are widely unknown. This study was conducted to provide reference data in professional soccer players. 467 male soccer players of the 2 highest G...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Meyer T,Meister S

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of water turnover rates in men undertaking prolonged cycling exercise and sedentary men.

    abstract::Total body water (TBW) and water turnover rates (WTR) of six competitive male cyclists (CG) and six age-matched sedentary men (SG) were determined using deuterium oxide dilution and elimination. During the 7 day study, individuals in the CG cycled daily outside on average 50 (range 12-146) km at an average speed of 29...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Leiper JB,Pitsiladis Y,Maughan RJ

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Controlled lengthening or shortening contraction-induced damage is followed by fiber hypertrophy in rat skeletal muscle.

    abstract::To study the hypothesis that more severe damage, caused by controlled lengthening (L) contractions, results in greater myofiber hypertrophy compared to increase in fiber size followed shortening (S) contractions, tibialis anterior muscles of anesthesized male Wistar rats were subjected to 240 either L or S contraction...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Komulainen J,Kalliokoski R,Koskinen SO,Drost MR,Kuipers H,Hesselink MK

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Responses of obese and non-obese boys cycling in the heat.

    abstract::This study compared rectal temperature (Tre), heat sensation and sweating between obese and non-obese boys during cycling in the heat. Participants (aged 12-15 years) were 17 obese and 16 non-obese (BMI=29.4±4.3 and 16.8±1.7 kg · m⁻², respectively) boys. They cycled for 30-min (50-55% VO(2peak)) in a climatic chamber ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sehl PL,Leites GT,Martins JB,Meyer F

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction to Improve Quadriceps Function Long After ACL Reconstruction.

    abstract::Quadriceps atrophy and weakness can persist for years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We evaluated the effectiveness of a home-based blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise program to increase quadriceps size and strength several years after ACLR. Nine adults with ACLR (5±2 yrs post-surgery, ≤90%...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilgas MA,Lytle LLM,Drum SN,Elmer SJ

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Blood mononuclear cells mobilization and cytokines secretion during prolonged exercises.

    abstract::This study was designed to compare the effects of three prolonged exercises varying in their intensity and duration, on blood mononuclear cell mobilization and cytokine secretion (IL1(1)-IL(2)). Seven healthy subjects underwent three effort trials (45 % VO(2)max during 4 h - 60% VO(2)max during 3 h - 75 % VO(2)max dur...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bury TB,Louis R,Radermecker MF,Pirnay F

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • What is the best method for assessing lower limb force-velocity relationship?

    abstract::This study determined the concurrent validity and reliability of force, velocity and power measurements provided by accelerometry, linear position transducer and Samozino's methods, during loaded squat jumps. 17 subjects performed squat jumps on 2 separate occasions in 7 loading conditions (0-60% of the maximal concen...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giroux C,Rabita G,Chollet D,Guilhem G

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Blood gas transport properties in endurance-trained athletes living at different altitudes.

    abstract::Hemoglobin oxygen binding properties and acid-base status were investigated in Colombian athletes (A) and controls (C) from Cali (C-1000 m) and Bogotá (B-2600 m). [Hb] and Hct values were not influenced by altitude, but Hct was lower in the blood of athletes (in Cali 2.6%, in Bogotá 1.4%). Both training and altitude p...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schmidt W,Dahners HW,Correa R,Ramirez R,Rojas J,Böning D

    更新日期:1990-02-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise tolerance in a hot and humid climate in heat-acclimatized girls and women.

    abstract::This study compared physiological responses associated with exercise tolerance in girls (G) and women (W) of similar fitness and heat acclimatization level during exercise in a hot and humid outdoor environment (33.4 degrees C and 55.1 % RH; WBGT = 29.9 +/- 0.2 degrees C). Nine pre-menarcheal G (age = 11.3 yr) and nin...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rivera-Brown AM,Rowland TW,Ramírez-Marrero FA,Santacana G,Vann A

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Postexercise proteinuria in childhood and adolescence.

    abstract::Postexercise proteinuria has been observed in healthy adults but there was a need for information in young individuals. Boys and girls (n = 170) from 6 to 18 years of age were submitted to maximal exercise by the 20-meter shuttle run test. Urine collection was made prior to and 30 min after completion of the run. Tota...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Poortmans JR,Geudvert C,Schorokoff K,De Plaen P

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Maximal lactate steady state is altered in the heat.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) and ventilatory threshold (VT) under different environments (TEMP: 22°C; and HOT: 40°C; 50% RH). 8 male subjects (age 23.9±2.4 years, body mass 75.9±7.3 kg and VO2(max) 47.8±4.9 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) performed a series of tests to determine the ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Barros CL,Mendes TT,Mortimer LÁ,Simões HG,Prado LS,Wisloff U,Silami-Garcia E

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Protective effect of erythropoietin on renal injury induced by acute exhaustive exercise in the rat.

    abstract::We investigated the protective effect of Erythropoietin (EPO) analogue rHuEPO on renal injury induced by acute exhaustive exercise in the rat. Rats were randomly allocated to one of 3 groups: normal control (C), exhaustive exercise test (ET) and EPO pre-treatment (rHuEPO 2 000 U/kg) plus ET (EPO+ET). Compared with con...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin X,Qu S,Hu M,Jiang C

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Inertial Sensors are a Valid Tool to Detect and Consistently Quantify Jumping.

    abstract::Considering the large and repetitive loads associated with jumping in team sports, automatic detection and quantification of jumping may show promise in reducing injury risks. The aim of this study was to validate commercially available inertial-movement analysis software to detect and quantify jumping in team sports....

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spangler R,Rantalainen T,Gastin PB,Wundersitz D

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Colour and power Doppler sonography in symptomatic Achilles tendon disease.

    abstract::The present trial focused on the exact role of colour and power Doppler sonography in Achilles tendinopathy and correlated these techniques with the clinical severity of the disease and with findings on grey-scale sonography. Twenty patients with in total 28 symptomatic Achilles tendons were included in this prospecti...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Reiter M,Ulreich N,Dirisamer A,Tscholakoff D,Bucek RA

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00