Assessment of risk factors for pneumonia in dysphagic children: significance of videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation.


:The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between aspiration, as identified by videofluoroscopic swallowing (VFS) study, and pneumonia in children with suspected dysphagia. Data were retrospectively collected and analysed from 142 children referred for VFS over a one-year period. The median age was 33 months. Aspiration was identified in 44 per cent of the children studied. A history of pneumonia within one year of the VFS was found in 35 per cent. Aspiration, gastro-oesophageal reflux, and age one year or less were significant risk factors for pneumonia. Children with traumatic brain-injury were at less risk for pneumonia than all other children with suspected dysphagia. These results lend objective support to the previously suspected relationship between aspiration and pneumonia in this patient population.


Dev Med Child Neurol


Taniguchi MH,Moyer RS




Has Abstract


1994-06-01 00:00:00












  • Consciousness in congenitally decorticate children: developmental vegetative state as self-fulfilling prophecy.

    abstract::According to traditional neurophysiological theory, consciousness requires neocortical functioning, and children born without cerebral hemispheres necessarily remain indefinitely in a developmental vegetative state. Four children between 5 and 17 years old are reported with congenital brain malformations involving tot...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shewmon DA,Holmes GL,Byrne PA

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Autism, primary pragmatic difficulties, and specific language impairment: can we distinguish them using psycholinguistic markers?

    abstract::Three groups of children with communication disorders were examined using a series of psycholinguistic markers to explore whether the tasks could identify children with impairments other than specific language impairment (SLI), and to examine whether the different groups within this clinical population could be distin...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Botting N,Conti-Ramsden G

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of food texture on the development of chewing of children between six months and two years of age.

    abstract::One hundred and forty-three healthy children between six months and two years of age were studied to determine the effect of food texture on chewing duration. Texture determined very strongly how long a bite of food was chewed, with solids taking longest, followed by viscous food and purée, respectively. As children g...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gisel EG

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term impairments of brain and auditory functions of children recovered from purulent meningitis.

    abstract::Sixty children who had recovered from purulent meningitis one to six years earlier were investigated for long-term impairment of brain and auditory function, using brainstem auditory evoked potentials(BAEP) and developmental screening tests. Neurological and/or audiological BAEP abnormalities were found in 23 per cent...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang ZD,Liu XY,Wu YY,Zheng MS,Liu HC

    更新日期:1990-06-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of curve shape between children with cerebral palsy, Friedreich's ataxia, and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

    abstract::Fourteen patients with cerebral palsy (CP), 12 with Friedreich's ataxia (FA) and 26 with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) were studied to determine whether the shape of the scoliosis curve differs between these categories. The slope of the regression relationship between vertebral rotation and lateral deviation w...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aronsson DD,Stokes IA,Ronchetti PJ,Labelle HB

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of modafinil on spasticity reduction and quality of life in children with CP.

    abstract::This randomized double blind AB/BA cross-over trial evaluates the effect of oral modafinil versus placebo on spasticity, function, and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Outcomes were measured at the start and end of both 8-week treatment periods (modafinil and placebo). The order of the treatment p...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Murphy AM,Milo-Manson G,Best A,Campbell KA,Fehlings D

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Autism spectrum disorders: sex differences in autistic behaviour domains and coexisting psychopathology.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study was to examine possible differences between high-functioning males and females with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding the core symptoms of autism and coexisting psychopathology. A total of 23 females and 23 males matched for age, IQ, and ASD diagnoses were recruited(mean age 11y...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holtmann M,Bölte S,Poustka F

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Fingertip forces during object manipulation in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. II: bilateral coordination.

    abstract::The present study examines the coordination of fingertip forces during object manipulation in both the involved and non-involved hand of 14 children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) aged between 8 and 14 years. While no impairment could be observed in the non-involved hand, subtle deficits in the sequencing of the ...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gordon AM,Charles J,Duff SV

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of spina bifida in south-western Ohio--1970-1979.

    abstract::Multiple epidemiological variables of 131 children with spina bifida born during 1970 and 1979 in a seven-county urban/rural region of south-western Ohio were analyzed retrospectively via personal interviews, hospital and clinic records, and birth and stillbirth certificates. The estimated incidence of spina bifida wa...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crowe CA,Heuther CA,Oppenheimer SG,Barth LD,Jeffrey E,Reinhart S

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Transient bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia after minor head-trauma.

    abstract::Following minor occipital head-trauma, a six-year-old boy developed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) as the only neurological sign. After having excluded all other possible aetiological causes by careful examination, including magnetic resonance imaging, the symptoms eventually were attributed to the traum...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mueller C,Koch S,Toifl K

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia, severe learning disability, and epilepsy in a male patient with 46,XY,der(19)t(X;19) (q11.1-11.2;p13.3).

    abstract::Periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH) is a rare neuronal migration disorder in which immature neurons fail to undergo a directed migration from the ventricular and subventricular zones to the cerebral cortex. Classic PNH occurs predominantly in females and is associated with periods of epilepsy and near-normal int...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balci S,Unal A,Engiz O,Aktas D,Liehr T,Gross M,Mrasek K,Saygi S

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Early speech-language development in females with Rett syndrome: focusing on the preserved speech variant.

    abstract:AIM:Our aim was to contribute new findings related to the pre-regressional verbal development of females with a variant of Rett syndrome (RTT) as the loss of spoken language is one of the key clinical features of RTT, and it would be of particular interest to study the early speech-language development of females who a...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marschik PB,Pini G,Bartl-Pokorny KD,Duckworth M,Gugatschka M,Vollmann R,Zappella M,Einspieler C

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relation between neurodevelopmental status of very preterm infants at one and eight years.

    abstract::The relation between neurodevelopmental status at one and eight years of age was investigated in a cohort of 207 infants born between 1979 and 1982 at < 33 weeks of gestation. The probability of a major disabling impairment at eight years was only 1 per cent among 164 children with normal neurodevelopment at one year,...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roth SC,Baudin J,Pezzani-Goldsmith M,Townsend J,Reynolds EO,Stewart AL

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Intracranial calcification in childhood: a review of aetiologies and recognizable phenotypes.

    abstract::Intracranial calcification (ICC) is a common finding on neuroimaging in paediatric neurology practice. In approximately half of all cases the calcification occurs in damaged, neoplastic, or malformed brain. For the large number of other disorders in which ICC occurs, no common pathogenetic mechanism can be suggested. ...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Livingston JH,Stivaros S,Warren D,Crow YJ

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • The impact on socio-emotional development and quality of life of language impairment in 8-year-old children.

    abstract:AIM:To estimate the impact of different types of language disorders on socio-emotional development and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in 8-year-old children. METHOD:In a prospective cohort including 13 427 newborns, of 10 911 eligible children (66 excluded because of intellectual disability or foreign language...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Agt H,Verhoeven L,Van Den Brink G,De Koning H

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebral blood-flow velocity and intermittent intracranial pressure elevation during sleep in hydrocephalic children.

    abstract::The clinical importance of intermittent intracranial pressure (ICP) elevations during sleep in hydrocephalic children is unclear. Eight studies of continuous ICP monitoring with simultaneous cerebral blood-flow velocity (CBFV) measurements were recorded during sleep in seven hydrocephalic children aged between one and...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goh D,Minns RA,Pye SD,Steers AJ

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Bone age and linear skeletal growth of children with cerebral palsy.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare the linear growth of children with cerebral palsy (CP) with that of children without CP. The segmental lengths (humerus, ulna, femur, tibia, and spine), recumbent length, body weight, and bone age of 62 children with CP (age range 2.25 to 14 years, mean 7.13 years) were measured an...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kong CK,Tse PW,Lee WY

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Somatosensory evoked potentials as a means of assessing neurological abnormality in congenital talipes equinovarus.

    abstract::Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) are a very sensitive measure of the functional integrity of the neuroaxis, including peripheral and central structures. When used in diagnostic mode they can provide additional information regarding the probable areas of dysfunction. SSEPs were recorded from 44 children (64 feet...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nadeem RD,Brown JK,Lawson G,Macnicol MF

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • CSF levels of lactate and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase as indicators of neurological sequelae after neonatal brain damage.

    abstract::A prospective study was made of levels of lactate and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid of 57 term neonates, in relation to the time elapsed since delivery, neonatal examinations (Apgar score, neurological symptoms and EEG findings) and psychomotor outcome at one year of age. Serum det...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalens B,Viallard JL,Raynaud EJ,Dastuge B

    更新日期:1981-04-01 00:00:00

  • Foix-Chavany-Marie (anterior operculum) syndrome in childhood: a reappraisal of Worster-Drought syndrome.

    abstract::Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome (FCMS) is a distinct clinical picture of suprabulbar (pseudobulbar) palsy due to bilateral anterior opercular lesions. Symptoms include anarthria/severe dysarthria and loss of voluntary muscular functions of the face and tongue, and problems with mastication and swallowing with preservation...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Christen HJ,Hanefeld F,Kruse E,Imhäuser S,Ernst JP,Finkenstaedt M

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Erythropoietin: a novel therapy for hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy?

    abstract::Perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurs in 1 to 3 per 1000 term births. HIE is not preventable in most cases, and therapies are limited. Hypothermia improves outcomes and is the current standard of care. Yet, clinical trials suggest that 44-53% of infants who receive hypothermia will die or suffer mode...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wu YW,Gonzalez FF

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Children with severe developmental disabilities and behavioral disorders have increased special healthcare needs.

    abstract::We studied whether children with severe developmental disabilities (SDDs) who have a comorbid behavioral disorder also have higher rates of special healthcare needs (SHCNs). We used a matched-comparison control group design to establish whether SHCNs were higher in children with SDDs with behavioral disorders versus c...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kennedy CH,Juárez AP,Becker A,Greenslade K,Harvey MT,Sullivan C,Tally B

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dyskinetic cerebral palsy and birth asphyxia.

    abstract::Of 115 children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) in the Mersey region, 17 were born at term and at an appropriate weight for age, and have preserved cognitive abilities. 10 of these are likely to have sustained intrapartum asphyxial brain-damage as the cause of their CP. In such circumstances, a characteristic patt...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenbloom L

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • A case of Ohtahara syndrome with cytochrome oxidase deficiency.

    abstract::Ohtahara syndrome is a rare cause of epileptic seizures during the neonatal period. This is believed to be the first report of this syndrome with a specific metabolic defect. Defects in respiratory chain function may be more common than previously assumed in patients with this epilepsy syndrome. ...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams AN,Gray RG,Poulton K,Ramani P,Whitehouse WP

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life instruments for children and adolescents with neurodisabilities: how to choose the appropriate instrument.

    abstract:AIM:There are many misconceptions about what constitutes 'quality of life' (QoL). It is often difficult for researchers and clinicians to determine which instruments will be most appropriate to their purpose. The aim of the current paper is to describe QoL instruments for children and adolescents with neurodisabilities...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Waters E,Davis E,Ronen GM,Rosenbaum P,Livingston M,Saigal S

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cortical hyper-excitability in healthy children: evidence from habituation and recovery cycle phenomena of somatosensory evoked potentials.

    abstract:AIM:To compare neurophysiological parameters of central nervous system excitability in healthy children/adolescents with those of healthy adults. METHOD:Two experimental protocols were used in 19 healthy children/adolescents (10 males and 9 females, mean age 9y 11mo [SD 2y 9mo], range 5-15y) and 19 healthy adults (8 m...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zanini S,Martucci L,Del Piero I,Restuccia D

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Deep brain stimulation reduces pain in children with dystonia, including in dyskinetic cerebral palsy.

    abstract:AIM:To establish the prevalence of dystonic pain in children and their response to deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHOD:Dystonic pain was assessed in a cohort of 140 children, 71 males and 69 females, median age 11 years 11 months (range 3y-19y 1mo), undergoing DBS in our centre over a period of 10 years. The cohort w...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perides S,Lin JP,Lee G,Gimeno H,Lumsden DE,Ashkan K,Selway R,Kaminska M

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Early magnetic resonance imaging to detect presymptomatic leptomeningeal angioma in children with suspected Sturge-Weber syndrome.

    abstract:AIM:We aimed to evaluate the contribution of early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the presymptomatic diagnosis of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) in infants with a facial port-wine birthmark (PWB). METHOD:Asymptomatic infants with a facial PWB who performed a first MRI scan before 3 months and a second MRI scan afte...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bar C,Pedespan JM,Boccara O,Garcelon N,Levy R,Grévent D,Boddaert N,Nabbout R

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Narcolepsy in a 2-year-old boy.

    abstract::This report describes the prospective follow-up of a 2-year-old child with narcolepsy. The initial clinical diagnosis was confirmed by the onset of cataplexy when the child was 5 years old. He does not have the HLA genotype characteristic of narcolepsy or an identifiable brain lesion, although he has megalencephaly an...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winter E,Prendergast M,Green A

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • A volumetric study of parietal lobe subregions in Turner syndrome.

    abstract::Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder that results from the complete or partial absence of an X chromosome in females, has been associated with specific impairment in visuospatial cognition. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between parietal lobe abnormalities and visuospatial deficits in Turner syndrome...

    journal_title:Developmental medicine and child neurology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown WE,Kesler SR,Eliez S,Warsofsky IS,Haberecht M,Reiss AL

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00