[In vitro effect of an alkaloid isolated from Amphimedon viridis (Porifea) on promastigots of Leishmania mexicana].

Abstract:

:The dose dependent antiproliferative effect of an alkaloidal substance extracted from the sponge Amphimedon viridis was tested on Leishmania mexicana promastigotes. Sponges were collected in Isla Larga, Venezuela (10 degrees 20' 20" - 10 degrees 24" N, 64 degrees 19' - 64 degrees 22' W), cut and dipped in methanol for vacum filtering extraction every 24 hr. The aqueous extract was separated by chromatography over silica gel. The parasites were from the Venezuelan NR strain. Their growth rate was reduced by 50 % with a dose of 10 microg/ml in 48 hr, whilst concentrations of 30 and 40 microg/ml induce leishmanicidal action after 110 and 20 min, respectively. Lysis is preceded by an immediate increase in cellular volume associated with progressive damage of cellular content and the destruction of organelles. These findings suggest that one important factor associated with the antiproliferative effect of this alkaloidal substance on L. mexicana promastigotes is the loss of the plasma membrane selective permeability.

journal_name

Rev Biol Trop

authors

Marchán E,Arrieche D,Henríquez W,Crescente O

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-12-01 00:00:00

pages

31-8

eissn

0034-7744

issn

2215-2075

journal_volume

48 Suppl 1

pub_type

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