Pressurised liquid-liquid extraction. An approach to the removal of inorganic non-metal species from used industrial oils.


:Modified pressurised hot water is used for the development of a high pressure liquid-liquid extraction method for the decontamination of used industrial oils from inorganic non-metal species (chlorine, fluorine and sulphur). The oils were subjected to dynamic extraction with water modified with 5% v/v HNO3 at 200 degrees C as extractant. Under these working conditions the analytes were transferred to the aqueous phase. Spontaneous separation of the two immiscible liquid phases (the used oil and extract) takes place in the collection flask after extraction. The treated and untreated oil samples were oxidised and the chloride, fluoride and sulphate thus formed were determined by ion-chromatography. The method was applied to four oil samples from different locations in Spain. A residence time of approximately =10 min provided oil samples from which 88.3%, 89.4% and 89.4% of chloride, fluoride and sulphate, respectively, have been removed with respect to the initial concentration of each analyte in the oil. The repeatability, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), was of 11.9%, 13.7% and 7.2% for Cl(-), F(-) and SO4(2-), respectively; whilst the within-laboratory reproducibility yielded RSDs of 6.2%, 7.9% and 6.2% for the same analytes. The proposed approach has proved to be efficient, simple, easily transferable to industrial scale, cheap, fast and environmentally friendly.






Morales-Muñoz S,Luque-García JL,Luque de Castro MD




Has Abstract


2004-09-01 00:00:00














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    authors: Elsgaard L

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    authors: Qambrani NA,Hwang JH,Oh SE

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    authors: Wollenberger L,Halling-Sørensen B,Kusk KO

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    authors: Chen Z,Li M,Wen Q

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang D,Ghysels S,Ronsse F

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lai B,Zhou Y,Wang J,Yang Z,Chen Z

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhosle NB,Garg A,Jadhav S,Harjee R,Sawant SS,Venkat K,Anil AC

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00