Patient correlates of caregivers' distress and family functioning after traumatic brain injury.


:This study examined the relationship of patient variables to caregiver distress and family functioning after TBI in 62 families. An extension of Kreutzer et al. 1994 (in press), the present investigation used four categories of predictor variables: indices of injury severity, neuropsychological tests, neurobehavioural problem checklist scales, and kinship of caregiver (i.e. spouse vs. parent). Caregiver distress and family functioning were measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Family Assessment Device (FAD), respectively. Regression analyses revealed that indices of injury severity did not predict BSI scores. Time post-injury predicted several FAD subscales. The number of the patient's neurobehavioural problems predicted BSI subscale scores most consistently, particularly the Global Severity Index, Somatic, Obsessive-Compulsive and Depression scales. Scores on the behaviour problem subscale predicted BSI scores better than other kinds of problems, and also had some relation to several FAD subscales. Of the 10 neuropsychological test scores, those which measured verbal abilities were more predictive of caregiver's BSI scores. Kinship (i.e. being a spouse) predicted Depression scores, even when other variables were partialled out. Research findings are integrated with European studies and clinical implications for understanding caregiver distress are discussed.


Brain Inj


Brain injury


Kreutzer JS,Gervasio AH,Camplair PS




Has Abstract


1994-04-01 00:00:00












  • Post-anoxic myoclonus: a case presentation and review of management in the rehabilitation setting.

    abstract::Post-anoxic myoclonus is a rare movement disorder manifested by diffuse action-triggered jerking movements that may result in significant disability. The incidence of this disorder is not clearly established, but over 122 cases have so far been reported in the literature. The pathogenesis is not entirely known, althou...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polesin A,Stern M

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • The role of apolipoprotein E episilon (ε)-4 allele on outcome following traumatic brain injury: A systematic review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) has emerged as a candidate for prognosticating traumatic brain injury (TBI) recovery, with APOEε4 identified as a susceptibility marker for poor outcome, despite large discrepancy in its reported influence post-TBI. METHODS:A systematic review was conducted, including all pr...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lawrence DW,Comper P,Hutchison MG,Sharma B

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • 'We are the forgotten victims': Perspectives of adult siblings of persons with traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:This study determined how the lives of a cross-national sample of adult siblings had changed since their brothers and sisters incurred a traumatic brain injury. RESEARCH DESIGN:A total of 272 participants provided responses to the question, 'How is your life different since your sibling had a TBI?' R...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Degeneffe CE,Olney MF

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Senior fitness test; a useful tool to measure physical fitness in persons with acquired brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the feasibility and usability of the senior fitness test (SFT) in persons with acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS:A pilot cohort design with a convenience sample of persons with ABI was used. RESULTS:Persons with ABIs (n = 47) were younger than their healthy counterparts (n = 172) were but pe...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Langhammer B,Stanghelle JK

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • A case study of locked-in-syndrome: psychological and personal perspectives.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although patients with Locked-In-Syndrome (LIS) are often stated to have normal cognitive functioning, the few reports of neuropsychological assessment in these cases suggest this is not always true. This paper (a) reviews published reports of neuropsychological assessments of LIS patients, (b) presents a de...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wilson BA,Hinchcliffe A,Okines T,Florschutz G,Fish J

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • After traumatic brain injury: a discussion of consequences.

    abstract::Traumatic brain injury is followed by many changes in cognition, emotion, social interaction and functioning, and communication. These changes may range from severe to subtle. They create complex difficulties for the individual and his or her network of support. Presented here is a review of the literature on the chan...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stratton MC,Gregory RJ

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • A further study on the sustained attention response to task (SART): the effect of age, gender and education.

    abstract::The present study aimed to investigate the potential effect of age, gender and education upon the theoretically sound measure of sustained attention--Sustained Attention Response to Task (SART)--amongst a control sample and patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The SART is a simple and brief computer-assisted pr...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chan RC

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of COMT Val158Met genotype on attention and response to methylphenidate following traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether COMT Val158Met allele status was associated with (i) attentional performance and (ii) response to methylphenidate (MP) following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS:Forty healthy controls and 32 patients with moderate-severe TBI (Mean time post-injury = 68 days) completed a b...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Willmott C,Ponsford J,McAllister TW,Burke R

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation: A potential new treatment for depression associated with traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Each year, more than 1.7 million Americans suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder following TBI is between 25-50%. There are no validated established strategies to treat TBI depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a novel puta...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Reti IM,Schwarz N,Bower A,Tibbs M,Rao V

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Repetitive facilitative exercise under continuous electrical stimulation for severe arm impairment after sub-acute stroke: a randomized controlled pilot study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effectiveness of repetitive facilitative exercise (RFE) under surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. METHODS:This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded, pilot trial randomized 27 adults with severe arm impairment [Fugl-Meyer Arm scal...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Shimodozono M,Noma T,Matsumoto S,Miyata R,Etoh S,Kawahira K

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • An overview of traumatic brain injury and suicide.

    abstract:PURPOSE:There is concerning evidence that people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be at increased risk for suicide. This paper aims to provide an overview of traumatic brain injury and suicide in order to enhance the ability of professionals to recognize and manage suicidality in patients with TBI. METHODS:First,...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wasserman L,Shaw T,Vu M,Ko C,Bollegala D,Bhalerao S

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Higher haemoglobin levels and dedicated trauma admission are associated with survival after severe traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prevention of secondary brain injury is a key component of acute management of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Haemoglobin concentration may have an impact on optimization of cerebral oxygenation. Patients with TBI may best be served by an organized trauma service. The objective is to dete...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baltazar GA,Pate AJ,Panigrahi B,Sharp A,Smith M,Chendrasekhar A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neurofilament light and tau in serum after head-impact exposure in soccer.

    abstract::Introduction: Blood-based biomarkers can provide valuable information on the effects of repetitive head impacts in sports. This study investigated if repetitive headers or accidental head impacts in soccer could cause structural brain injury, detected as an increase in serum neurofilament light (NfL) or tau.Methods: N...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sandmo SB,Filipcik P,Cente M,Hanes J,Andersen TE,Straume-Naesheim TM,Bahr R

    更新日期:2020-04-15 00:00:00

  • Self-awareness following a traumatic brain injury in childhood: a developmental perspective.

    abstract::Impaired self-awareness is a common consequence following a brain injury that affects engagement in rehabilitation and results in poor long term functional outcomes. Literature regarding self-awareness following a brain injury in childhood is lacking. The aim of this research study was to understand the self-awareness...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wales L,Sidebotham P,Hawley C

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Revisiting the neurofunctional approach: conceptualizing the core components for the rehabilitation of everyday living skills.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Introduced in the 1980s, the neurofunctional approach (NFA) is one of the few interventions designed primarily for clients with severe deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Specifically the NFA was intended for those individuals who were limited in their ability to solve novel problems or generali...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clark-Wilson J,Giles GM,Baxter DM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characterizing 'mild' in traumatic brain injury with proton MR spectroscopy in the thalamus: Initial findings.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Although most mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients suffer any of several post-concussion symptoms suggestive of thalamic involvement, they rarely present with any MRI-visible pathology. The aim here, therefore, is to characterize their thalamic metabolite levels with proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) com...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirov I,Fleysher L,Babb JS,Silver JM,Grossman RI,Gonen O

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosis secondary to traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in serious and disabling neuropsychiatric disorders. METHOD:The authors report a case of a 51-year old male, admitted to the psychiatric ward for acute psychosis and suicidal ideation, probably associated with TBI. After a temporal head trauma he initiated auditory/ve...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Guerreiro DF,Navarro R,Silva M,Carvalho M,Gois C

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic alliance in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation: predictors of strength of alliance and impact of alliance on outcome.

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    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sherer M,Evans CC,Leverenz J,Stouter J,Irby JW Jr,Lee JE,Yablon SA

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • An Internet training intervention for people with traumatic brain injury: barriers and outcomes.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To test whether people with cognitive-linguistic impairments following traumatic brain injury could learn to use the Internet using specialized training materials. RESEARCH DESIGN:Pre-post test design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Seven participants were each matched with a volunteer tutor. Basic Internet...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Egan J,Worrall L,Oxenham D

    更新日期:2005-08-10 00:00:00

  • Educating families and caretakers of traumatically brain injured patients in the new health care environment: a three phase model and bibliography.

    abstract::Shorter inpatient stays for traumatically brain injured patients frequently allow less time for comprehensive education of families and caretakers. What is needed to compensate for the shortened duration of brain injury rehabilitation in many settings is a family educational programme that (1) satisfies the family's a...

    journal_title:Brain injury



    authors: Holland D,Shigaki CL

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • Auditory vs visual speech timing cues as external rate control to enhance verbal intelligibility in mixed spastic-ataxic dysarthric speakers: a pilot study.

    abstract::Metronome, singing, and board pacing were used as external rate control techniques for the purpose of comparing the effectiveness of auditory and visual speech timing cues for reducing speech rate and increasing intelligibility in three traumatically brain injured mixed spastic-ataxic dysarthric speakers. A single sys...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilon MA,McIntosh KW,Thaut MH

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Latent structure of the Test of Everyday Attention: convergent evidence from patients with traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:AIM:The present study aimed to examine the nature of attention distinctions among sub-tests of the Test of Everyday Attention (TEA) underlying the performance of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD:Confirmatory factor analysis was performed among a group of 92 patients with TBI experiencing chronic post...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chan RC,Lai MK

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Intravenous saline administration in patients with severe acquired brain injury and orthostatic intolerance for tilt-table mobilization.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to investigate the effect of intravenous saline administration on orthostatic hypotension (OH) during head up tilt (HUT) and the change in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system before and after HUT in patients with severe acquired brain injury (ABI). RESEARCH DESIGN:The study is d...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Riberholt C,Olesen N,Hovind P,Mehlsen J,Petersen TH

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological management of Dysautonomia following traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To document and critically evaluate the likely effectiveness of pharmacological treatments used in a sample of patients with Dysautonomia and to link these findings to previously published literature. RESEARCH DESIGN:Retrospective case control chart review. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Data were collected...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baguley IJ,Cameron ID,Green AM,Slewa-Younan S,Marosszeky JE,Gurka JA

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating the impact of treatment for sleep/wake disorders on recovery of cognition and communication in adults with chronic TBI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To longitudinally examine objective and self-reported outcomes for recovery of cognition, communication, mood and participation in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and co-morbid post-traumatic sleep/wake disorders. DESIGN:Prospective, longitudinal, single blind outcome study. SETTING:Community-based...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Wiseman-Hakes C,Murray B,Moineddin R,Rochon E,Cullen N,Gargaro J,Colantonio A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic ambiguities in a case of post-traumatic narcolepsy with cataplexy.

    abstract::Narcolepsy arising from trauma can present particular problems of differential diagnosis. In this case study presentation the patient suffered a head trauma, without unconsciousness, and began to experience unusual episodic behaviours. Symptom presentation differed from the typical clinical manifestations of idiopathi...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruck D,Broughton RJ

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relations between traumatic brain injury and the environment: feedback reduces maladaptive behaviour exhibited by three persons with traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::Feedback is a commonly used technique in neurorehabilitation. It functions to strengthen or weaken select relations between individuals' behaviour and their environment. The study of behaviour-environment relations is a focus of operant psychology, commonly referred to as behaviour analysis. Central to behaviour analy...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlund MW,Pace G

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • A standardization study of the Czech version of the Mississippi Aphasia Screening Test (MASTcz) in stroke patients and control subjects.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To assess the criterion and construct validity and inter-rater reliability of the Czech version of the Mississippi Aphasia Screening Test (MASTcz). RESEARCH DESIGN:Prospective evaluation of consecutive inpatients admitted to the stroke unit of a university hospital within 60 days of onset of a unilat...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kostálová M,Bártková E,Sajgalíková K,Dolenská A,Dusek L,Bednarík J

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with the remission of insomnia after traumatic brain injury: a traumatic brain injury model systems study.

    abstract::Objective: To examine the factors associated with the remission of insomnia by examining a sample of individuals who had insomnia within the first two years after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and assessing their status at a secondary time point.Design and Methods: Secondary data analysis from a multicenter longitudina...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lequerica AH,Weber E,Dijkers MP,Dams-O'Connor K,Kolakowsky-Hayner SA,Bell KR,Bushnik T,Goldin Y,Hammond FM

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mild head injury and sympathetic arousal: investigating relationships with decision-making and neuropsychological performance in university students.

    abstract:SUMMARY:The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between neuropsychological performance, physiological arousal and decision-making in university students who have or have not reported a history of mild head injury (MHI). METHODS:Forty-four students, 18 (41%) reporting a history of MHI, performed a de...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Noordt S,Good D

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00