[Strategies of visual acuity assessment].


:Visual acuity can be assessed by different strategies. The constant-stimulus-, the stair-case-, the Best-PEST-strategies, and the EN ISO 8596 are discussed. In cases of presumed psychogenic visual impairment and malingering it can be useful to modify these strategies striving for a determination of the (minimum) visual acuity based on statistical analysis rather than "clinical experience". The EN ISO 8596 defines visual acuity by a 60 % criterion, thus implying guesswork, if recognition of the optotypes is uncertain. Therefore, the forced-choice-procedure is mandatory. Objective psychophysical (preferential looking, induction or suppression of rhythmic eye movements) and electrophysiological methods (VEP) of visual acuity assessment can be useful in infants, in the mentally handicapped, and in patients with presumed psychogenical influence or malingering.


Klin Monbl Augenheilkd


Gräf M




Has Abstract


2004-07-01 00:00:00












  • [Visual field defects and fluorescein angiography in acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (author's transl)].

    abstract::Typical visual field defects were found in 86 acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathies occurring in 71 patients. These field defects suggest a separate vascular supply of the upper and lower half of the disc and of the maculo-papillar bundle. A sub-division into four sectors can be inferred in the upper half of the ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reuscher A,Chromek W,Kommerell G

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Choice of the lens implant model].

    abstract::Report on 530 lens implantation procedures performed in the years from 1981 to 1985. Different complications with different lens models are mentioned, in particular cystoid macular edema, subluxation or luxation of the artificial lens, vitreous complication, secondary cataract, and retinal detachment. A comparison was...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hanselmayer H

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Special sound probe for foreign body localisation (author's transl)].

    abstract::A recently developed sound probe (10 MHz and 3 mm diameter) is suitable for sparing preoperative localisation of foreign bodies in perforated eyes; especially mural foreign bodies can be exactly located intraoperatively. Followed scleral incision foreign bodies can be extracted on the optimal route. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Till P

    更新日期:1978-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Efficiency and Therapy Safety of Fractionated Cyclophotocoagulation with up to Ten Laser Spots for Advanced Primary Open-Angle and Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Various procedures are available for the treatment of advanced glaucoma. We examined the efficacy and safety of fractionated cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) with up to ten laser spots for advanced primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and pseudoexfoliation (PEX) glaucoma treated with maximal topical therapy or eye-...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grohmann C,Farrokhi S,Klemm M

    更新日期:2020-02-03 00:00:00

  • [Pharmacotherapy of Non-neovascular AMD].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is not yet treatable. This article summarises current clinical research approaches. The reasons for the current lack of success are analysed. METHODS:Literature and databank search. RESULTS:The number of therapeutic approaches and mechanisms is limited...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zeitz O,Frentzel DP,Rübsam A,Seibel I,Riechardt AI,Brockmann C,Meißner F,Joussen AM

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Switching the Treatment Regime from PRN (pro re nata, as needed) to T&E (Treat and Extend) for Intravitreal Therapy with Anti-VEGF Agents in Private Practice or Small Institutions].

    abstract::In everyday practice, intravitreal therapy in an "as needed" regimen (pro re nata, PRN) is less predictable and requires more visits (monitoring and injections taken together) with poorer functional results than with the treat and extend (T&E) regimen. Current literature supports the benefit of a switch. However, prac...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Imesch P,Sarra GM

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Measuring the effect of eyeglasses on determination of squint angle with Purkinje reflexes and the prism cover test].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The alternating prism and cover test is the conventional test for the measurement of the angle of strabismus. The error induced by the prismatic effect of glasses is typically about 27-30%/10 D. Alternatively, the angle of strabismus can be measured with methods based on Purkinje reflex positions. This study...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barry JC,Backes A

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Apropos of a case of bilateral perforating corneal ulcer in a patient with Portugese amyloidosis].

    abstract:PURPOSE:Corneal ulcer is a very rare clinical manifestation in hereditary familial amyloidosis of the Portuguese type, from which only one case has been reported previously. The case of a 35-year-old man illustrates the diagnostic findings and the difficulties encountered in understanding the physiopathology of such a ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donati G,Chevalley G,de Gottrau P,Leuenberger PM

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Better prognosis for amblyopics by means of full prismatic correction after monocular treatment (author's transl)].

    abstract::Binocular training with full prismatic correction after the monocular therapy by occlusion brings a further improvement of the visual acuity as well as shown in a study of 29% (138 cases) of 469 selected cases with binocular problems and 43% (260 cases) of about 600 unselected cases of squint actually in treatment in ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pestalozzi D,Schwarzenbach A

    更新日期:1979-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Histopathological aspects of the surgical treatment of congenital glaucoma].

    abstract::Two tissue specimens obtained by trabeculectomy from infant eyes with different reactive changes in their chamber angles due to previous trabeculotomies are described and discussed. Both eyes had been operated on glaucoma for several times. In the first case, the trabeculotomy had resulted in the formation of laminar ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: d'Epinay SL,Remé C

    更新日期:1980-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Trabeculectomy or Goniotrepanation -- a comparison of the postoperative course (author's transl)].

    abstract::No significant differences could be determined postoperatively between trabeculectomy and goniotrepanation. However, cases of flattened anterior chambers and choroidal detachments were less frequent after goniotrepanation than after trabeculectomy. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leuenberger AE,Tilen A

    更新日期:1980-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Combined phacoemulsification with trabecular aspiration with differing outcomes in pseudoexfoliative glaucoma - a retrospective study].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The aim of this study was to differentiate the pressure-reducing results following trabecular aspiration combined with small incision cataract surgery in eyes with pseudoexfoliation depending on preoperative pressure and medication score. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A retrospective analysis was made of 104 exfol...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dinslage S,Rosentreter A,Schild AM,Jordan JF,Widder R,Dietlein TS

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Lidloading and intraocular pressure].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Implantation of rigid gold or platinum lid weights (lidloading) represents the most common method for therapy of patients with lagophthalmus as a result of facial palsy. In a more recent approach also flexible platinum chains have been used. Glaucoma has frequently been described as a contraindication for li...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schrom T,Habermann A,Wernecke K,Scherer H,Duncker G

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Bitemporal hemianopia in road traffic].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients suffering from pituitary adenomas and diseases of the chiasma typically show a bitemporal hemianopia. The residual undisturbed nasal visual fields of both eyes should have an extension of (at least) 120 degrees and are according to the actual German traffic rules (FeVAndV) for cars of the classes A,...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krzizok T,Schwerdtfeger G

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Contribution to the epithelial tumors of the ciliary body (clinical, histopathological and electronmicroscopical observation) (author's transl)].

    abstract::An adenoma of the non pigmented epithelium of the ciliary body was supposed to be an irisciliary body melanoma (32P-test positive) and was treated by irido-cyclectomy. Vision acuity remained 0,4 one year after operation. The tumor formed adenoid tubes lined with a cubical or cylindrical epithelium. The cytoplasm of al...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lommatzsch P,Vorpahl K,Bauke G,Klug H

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Cost Comparison of Licensed Intravitreal Therapies for Insufficiently Anti-VEGF Responding Fovea Involving Diabetic Macular Edema in Germany].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the treatment of center-involving diabetic macular edema, despite initial therapy with an anti-VEGF compound, an insufficient response may occur. Further therapy options include a switch of anti-VEGF products or to corticosteroid implants, such as Fluocinolone acetonide or Dexamethasone. OBJECTIVES:First...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neubauer AS,Haritoglou C,Ulbig MW

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Modification of the course of chronic intraocular inflammations by sunlight (Israel study)].

    abstract::Natural treatment methods are currently becoming more and more interesting, in part due to recent results of experimental and clinical research. It has been shown that light of certain wavelengths has a systemic immunosuppressive effect. It therefore seemed logical to expose patients suffering from chronic iridocyclit...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manthey KF,Danielmeyer F

    更新日期:1988-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Choroidal Neovascularisation Other than Typical Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration].

    abstract::Choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in the context of exsudative age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) can be divided into type 1 (occult) and type 2 (classical) membranes. Retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) are "rare subtypes" of chorioretinal neovascularisation and ar...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sandner D

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • [The results of surgical treatment of convergent strabismus (author's transl)].

    abstract::From the results of 628 operations on strabismus convergens, the individual corrections were related to the achieved reduction of the angle of deviation. The evaluation showed that strabismus operations may be well dosed not only with a view to a general improvement of the squint angle but also as a specific influence...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaufmann H,Sohlenkamp R,Hartwig H

    更新日期:1975-08-01 00:00:00

  • [No disorder of arachidonic acid-induced thrombocyte aggregation in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy].

    abstract::Six patients, members of a family with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), were studied to verify whether the disease was associated with a suspected platelet aggregation defect. No hemostaseologic defect was found in either the affected or healthy members of the family; in particular, there were no grounds f...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bopp S,Wagner T,Laqua H

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • [The corneoscleral suture with resorbent suture material].

    abstract::Modern resorbent materials are perhaps still not ideal in every respect. Resorbent fibers are an alternative to the non-resorbent synthetic materials and to Barraquer silk, as the author points out with reference to results of operations carried out during the last three years at the ophthalmological clinic in Aarau. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leuenberger AE

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Lacrimal Duct Obstruction in Adults].

    abstract::The tearing eye (epiphora) is the guiding symptome of nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Depending on the localization of stenosis, mucopurulent lacrimal discharge occurs additionally. These symptoms induce alterations of the optical system and can cause severe complications such as acute phlegmonous dacryocystitis. The g...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heichel J,Struck HG

    更新日期:2020-11-18 00:00:00

  • [Clinicopathological characteristic of keratoglobus].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study describes the clinical, topographical, pachymetrical, and histological features of a unique corneal disorder: keratoglobus. CASE REPORT:Ultrasound pachymetry proved that the structure of the cornea was evenly thinning towards the periphery. Histological examinations disclosed the absence of Bowma...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Módis L,Sohajda Z,Komár T,Hassan Z,Berta A

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Diabetic Macular Edema in Diabetological Practices.

    abstract::Using mobile OCT equipment and remote ophthalmological diagnosis of n = 1538 diabetics in 17 diabetes practices in Germany, we found diabetic macular edema in 10.1% of the patients and retinal bleedings or microaneurysms in 15.6%. In 1.62% of the diabetics examined, the size of the edema was > 0.4 mm², in 7% the retin...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Michelson G,Forst T

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of the degree of disability for the privately insured patient (author's transl)].

    abstract::There are marked differences between the public health system and the private insurance system. This paper shows how to evaluate the degree of permanent disability according to "The General Rules for Private Insurances (AUVB 1965)". At the beginning the evaluation of the degree of permanent disability after the visus ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lisch K

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cilioretinal artery occlusion combined with central retinal vein occlusion - a report of two cases and review of the literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We describe the clinical findings and course of cilioretinal artery occlusion (CAO) combined with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in two patients and present a review of the relevant literature. HISTORY AND SIGNS:Case 1: An otherwise healthy 24-year-old woman presented to the emergency unit with a pai...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Theoulakis PE,Livieratou A,Petropoulos IK,Lepidas J,Brinkmann CK,Katsimpris JM

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Further clinical studies on chorioiditis geographica].

    abstract::We present two further cases of choroiditis geographica. One of them we were able to follow up for two years. This allowed us to observe from the beginning the eye which was not at first involved. Weeks before the first lesions were visible, alterations of the EOG appeared. In the other case both eyes were already inv...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pham Duy T,Miszalok V

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • [II: Difference plots or scattergram--when to use which?].

    abstract::Sometimes the statistical comparison of diagnostic measurement methods or subsequent measurement series in the same individuals is based on bivariate scattergrams; correlation coefficients and linear regression lines are provided in addition. However, this strategy for data representation must be considered inappropri...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krummenauer F

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Tear film diagnosis in contact lens wearers].

    abstract::Contact lenses have an intimate relationship with the precorneal tear film and it is important to attempt to prognosticate the likelihood of successful contact lens wear by evaluating, both quantitative and qualitative aspects of the precorneal tear film. Aspects of history diagnostic methods and general aspects which...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lemp MA,Gold JB

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Greek anatomy of the eye in Pakistan today].

    abstract::A Pakistani wall plate depicting the anatomy of the eye is described and illustrated. The picture is partly Greek (the hollow optic nerve), in part medieval Arab (the optical image on the disk), and in part modern (e.g., the refraction anomalies). A brief account is given of how Greek science passed to the Arabs and t...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Crone RA

    更新日期:1988-10-01 00:00:00