Differential diagnosis and management of anemia in the newborn.


:Neonatal anemia is a condition with a diverse etiologic spectrum.Therefore, in order to form a focused differential diagnosis, it is important for the caregiver to have some knowledge of the more common causes of low hemoglobin and hematocrit concentrations in the neonate. Proper history taking, physical examination, and interpretation of diagnostic tests can narrow this focus and aid in establishing an accurate diagnosis and in directing the appropriate therapeutic interventions.


Pediatr Clin North Am


Bizzarro MJ,Colson E,Ehrenkranz RA




Has Abstract


2004-08-01 00:00:00


1087-107, xi












  • Endocrine manifestations of critical illness in the child.

    abstract::The stress response in humans commonly includes elevations in plasma concentrations of glucocorticoids, catecholamines, glucagon, growth hormone, aldosterone, and renin, resulting in alterations in the metabolism of glucose and other energy substrates, and in increased sodium and water retention. In severe illness, tr...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Weise K,Zaritsky A

    更新日期:1987-02-01 00:00:00

  • Malignant abdominal masses in children: quick guide to evaluation and diagnosis.

    abstract::A palpable mass in the abdomen of a child is a serious finding. In this article the authors present their single-institution experience of how these malignancies present and their distribution by age and diagnosis. The most common abdominal malignancies diagnosed in the pediatric population include neuroblastoma, Wilm...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Golden CB,Feusner JH

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • The development of normal feeding and swallowing.

    abstract::The development of feeding skills is an extremely complex process influenced by multiple anatomic, neurophysiologic, environmental, social, and cultural factors. Most children negotiate the necessary developmental sequence without significant difficulties. An understanding of the development of normal feeding abilitie...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stevenson RD,Allaire JH

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Advances in monitoring and management of shock.

    abstract::Early recognition and treatment of pediatric shock, regardless of cause, decreases mortality and improves outcome. In addition to the conventional parameters (eg, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, urine output, and central venous pressure), biomarkers and noninvasive methods of measuring cardiac output are availabl...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mtaweh H,Trakas EV,Su E,Carcillo JA,Aneja RK

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Risk and resiliency factors for violence.

    abstract::Research on human resiliency in the face of adversity has gained widespread currency in the study of the developmental outcomes for children exposed to multiple risk factors. This article reviews several of these studies from a multilevel perspective, with a view to documenting their contributions and limitations and ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Edari R,McManus P

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    abstract::Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has now evolved into standard therapy for patients unresponsive to conventional ventilatory and pharmacological support. This article presents a clinical review of extracorporeal life support and its application to neonatal and pediatric patients as well as children requiring circul...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Klein MD,Whittlesey GC

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • The sleepy child.

    abstract::Disorders of excessive sleepiness are uncommon in children. When they occur, the presentation is often consistent with the developmental age of the child and does not meet either historical or laboratory criteria determined with adults in mind. Because of these differences, the true diagnosis can be missed or inadequa...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Givan DC

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • A preventive context for enuresis.

    abstract::Prevention of enuresis has not been studied directly. Positive results from a randomized clinical trial evaluating early intervention for children at risk for enuresis would establish the value of prevention and help to promote its practice. Enuresis is not a disease process, and therefore a clinical trial may never b...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Friman PC

    更新日期:1986-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Approach to the Child with Joint Complaints.

    abstract::This article focuses on creating an orderly approach to history taking, examination, and ordering appropriate investigations when caring for a child with joint complaints. It classifies complaints as those with and without pain, swelling, or fever and of short or long duration. It recommends an approach to the physica...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Haines KA

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Infections associated with pediatric sport participation.

    abstract::Infections occur in childhood and adolescent athletes just as they do in all children and adolescents. Because of the sports environment, and in some instances the sport itself, athletes can be prone to infections that will alter their athletic performance or present risks to other athletes. Recognition of the infecti...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Buescher ES

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Therapies and vaccines for emerging bacterial infections: learning from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    abstract::Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an emerging bacterial infection worldwide, and community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) infection, which has increased dramatically in frequency in many areas, is of particular clinical and public health concern. CA-MRSA outbreaks and severe infections have been reported ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: John CC,Schreiber JR

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Skin and soft tissue injuries of the hand in children.

    abstract::Three pediatric hand injury subtypes and their management have been presented. Finger tip injuries, while often minor and self-healing in children, may require surgical repair if the nailbed is disrupted or if there has been significant skin or pad loss from the tip. The decision between local repair and skin graft or...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bennett JE

    更新日期:1975-05-01 00:00:00

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis.

    abstract::In the past decade, considerable advances have occurred in our understanding of the pathophysiology of this disorder, its metabolic sequelae, and its management, particularly with respect to continuous low-dose insulin infusion and the potential benefits of phosphate. This article reviews these advances as they pertai...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sperling MA

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical Management of Food Allergy.

    abstract::Food allergies have become a growing public health concern. At present the standard of care focuses on avoidance of trigger foods, education, and treatment of symptoms following accidental ingestions. This article provides a framework for primary care physicians and allergists for the diagnosis, management, and treatm...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wright BL,Walkner M,Vickery BP,Gupta RS

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • A practical guide to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of neonatal infections.

    abstract::Neonatal infections continue to cause morbidity and mortality in infants. Among approximately 400,000 infants followed nationally, the incidence rates of early-onset sepsis infection within 3 days of life are 0.98 cases per 1000 live births. Newborn infants are at increased risk for infections because they have relati...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Santos RP,Tristram D

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood brain tumors: current status of clinical trials in newly diagnosed and recurrent disease.

    abstract::Primary childhood brain tumors are the second most common form of childhood cancer. Though progress in this area has been slow, the field has evolved considerably over the past 10 years. This article focuses on new information that will influence our treatment of the more common pediatric brain tumors. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,评审


    authors: Allen JC

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • Gastroesophageal reflux. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.

    abstract::The clinical challenge of determining the medical conditions that are associated with obvious symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and what diagnostic tests are appropriate to define this relationship is substantial. To determine which infants may be suffering from pathologic conditions associated with subtle signs of ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hillemeier AC

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • Immunodeficiency Presenting as an Undiagnosed Disease.

    abstract::Although primary immunodeficiencies typically present with recurrent, chronic, or severe infections, autoimmune manifestations frequently accompany these disorders and may be the initial clinical manifestations. The presence of 2 or more autoimmune disorders, unusual severe atopic disease, or a combination of these di...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Routes JM,Verbsky JW

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric trauma. Prevention strategies.

    abstract::Injury is the most important threat to the health of children in the United States and the leading cause of death after the first year of life. Injuries must be viewed as diseases that can be prevented by using principles of epidemiology, engineering, biomechanics, and health education. Effective preventative strategi...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stylianos S,Eichelberger MR

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation and management of the Chiari malformation type 1 for the primary care pediatrician.

    abstract::Diagnosis and treatment of CMI is undergoing reexamination that includes redefinition of the anatomic Chiari malformation and refinement and redefinition of the clinical syndrome. Children with SMI present with head pain of some kind, a neurologic deficit, or with signs of spinal cord dysfunction from syrinx. Some wil...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Yassari R,Frim D

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pregnancy in adolescents.

    abstract::The United States must improve its efforts to reduce teen pregnancy. We occupy an alarming position in the developed world from the standpoint of the magnitude of the pregnancy issue. While our society promotes sexuality to sell all sorts of consumer goods, it still refuses for the most part to make contraceptives fam...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davis S

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Emerging concepts in pediatric emergency radiology.

    abstract::Radiologic studies are a vital component in the workup and diagnosis of disease. An appropriate radiographic study will accurately rule in or rule out disease with the least possible harm. Special considerations are necessary for the imaging of children. Current trends in pediatric imaging support the increased use of...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baker N,Woolridge D

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Pediatric Knee and Proximal Tibia.

    abstract::Pediatric knee disorders are various and range from trauma and sports injuries to chronic overuse injuries. Because pediatric patients are different from adults, management of pediatric injuries and general knee disorders is also often different. Primary treatment regimen goals focus on a return to the previous level ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Woernle M,Fechisin JP

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Supportive care in pediatric oncology: oncologic emergencies and management of fever and neutropenia.

    abstract::Advancements in the care of children with cancer have, in part, been achieved through improvements in supportive care. Situations that require prompt care can occur at the time of presentation as well as during treatment. This article discusses the approach to children with fever and neutropenia, a complication encoun...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Henry M,Sung L

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Complementary and alternative therapies in pediatric oncology.

    abstract::Evidence on the science of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in children with cancer is slowly evolving. Most parents of children with cancer want their children to receive state-of-the-art therapy, which generally includes chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Increasingly, they also want the concomitant u...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sencer SF,Kelly KM

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric assessment of the child with developmental delay.

    abstract::With the recent mandate for early intervention services, the pediatrician is more involved than ever in the identification and evaluation of children with developmental disabilities. Developmental surveillance at routine visits and listening to parental concerns are crucial in the early diagnosis of developmental dela...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Levy SE,Hyman SL

    更新日期:1993-06-01 00:00:00

  • Basic assessment and screening for substance abuse in the pediatrician's office.

    abstract::In summary, it is apparent that discussions on substance abuse should begin at the prenatal visit and extend through adolescence. Educational efforts and preventive strategies must be given highest priority. Signs and symptoms may be subtle, and pediatricians should have a high index of suspicion, particularly for hig...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fuller PG Jr,Cavanaugh RM Jr

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Surgical therapy for sudden cardiac death in children.

    abstract::Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in children is the result of multiple etiologies and treatment (prophylaxis) must be tailored accordingly. In children who do not have congenital heart disease, surgical therapy of SCD typically consists of implantation of an internal defibrillator, with specific attention to the small size ...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Jaquiss RD,Tweddell JS,Litwin SB

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Handoffs in care--can we make them safer?

    abstract::In today's complex and rapidly changing health care environments, patient harm may result if important patient information is not communicated from one health care provider to another during handoffs in care. Issues involving communication, continuity of care, and care planning are cited as a root cause in more than 8...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Streitenberger K,Breen-Reid K,Harris C

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perinatal endocrinology: common endocrine disorders in the sick and premature newborn.

    abstract::Endocrine disorders are common in infants in the neonatal ICU. They often are associated with prematurity, low birth weight or very low birth weight, and small size for gestational age. They also frequently occur in infants who are critically ill or stressed. This article describes the most common conditions and curre...

    journal_title:Pediatric clinics of North America

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hyman SJ,Novoa Y,Holzman I

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00