[Integrons and resistance gene cassettes: structure and role against antimicrobials].

Abstract:

:Bacteria have developed sophisticated and successful genetic mechanisms to evade the action of antimicrobials. Bacterial multiresistance has caused serious problems in the treatment of nosocomial infections. Integrons and gene cassettes are considered the main genetic elements in the evolution of plasmids and transposons that actively participate in the mobilization of genes, codifying different bacterial resistance mechanisms. This article reviews the historical and structural aspects of integrons and resistance gene cassettes and the presence of these structures in gram negative bacteria isolated from Chilean hospitals in the last ten years.

journal_name

Rev Med Chil

journal_title

Revista medica de Chile

authors

González G,Mella S,Zemelman R,Bello H,Domínguez M

doi

10.4067/s0034-98872004000500013

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-05-01 00:00:00

pages

619-26

issue

5

eissn

0034-9887

issn

0717-6163

journal_volume

132

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
  • [Endobronchial ultrasound and fine needle aspiration for central airway lesions].

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    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872016000300009

    authors: Fernández-Bussy S,Labarca G,Caviedes I,Folch E,Majid A

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Auto-antibody profile and breast feeding in type 1 diabetic patients].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Islet cell-specific autoantibodies such as islet cell antibody (ICA), antiinsulin (IAA), anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and anti-tyrosine phosphatase (IA2) can be present in patients with type I diabetes. Breast feeding duration and the early exposure to milk substitutes are environmental factors ass...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Pérez-Bravo F,Riesco V,Albala C,Oyarzún A,Santos JL,Carrasco E

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. Report of one case].

    abstract::We report a 58-year-old female presenting with fever and vomiting. The initial laboratory examination disclosed two blood cultures that were positive for Streptococcus Pyogenes. An abdominal CAT scan showed a right basal pneumonia. The patient was treated with antimicrobials and discharged with oral cefadroxil for 21 ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872010000700009

    authors: Ramírez C,Arab JP,Eymin G

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Referral to rehabilitation services of patients discharged from a general hospital with a potentially disabling condition].

    abstract::Background Patients discharged from general hospitals with a potentially disabling condition can benefit in their recovery with the aid of physical medicine and rehabilitation services. Aim To determine the proportion of patients discharged from a general hospital with a potentially disabling condition, who were deriv...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872017001201541

    authors: Hofmann U N,Paolinelli G C,Castro L A

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Imipenem/cilastatin versus ceftazidime-amikacin in the treatment of febrile neutropenic patients].

    abstract:AIM:To compare the efficacy of imipenem/cilastatine and ceftazidime-amikacin in the treatment of febrile neutropenic patients. DESIGN:Open, prospective and randomized clinical study. PATIENTS:Fifty two patients (26 female) aged 16 to 80 years old with 60 episodes of neutropenia were studied. They were randomly assign...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:

    authors: Pérez C,Sirham M,Labarca J,Grebe G,Lira P,Oliva J,Duhalde M,Ocqueteau M,Acuña G

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers from a metropolitan university in Chile].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:An important agent of food intoxication is Staphylococcus aureus, that is able to produce enterotoxins. AIM:To detect Staphylococcus aureus contamination in cafeteria food handlers of a Chilean University. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Nose, throat, hands and nail samples from 87 food handlers were obtained for mic...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Soto A,Saldías ME,Oviedo P,Fernández M

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma. Experience in 53 patients].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (THA) in patients with multiple myeloma and amyloidosis is the standard of care to promote disease free survival and quality of life. AIM:To report our experience with THA in patients with multiple myeloma. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Retrospective review of the hemat...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872014001200001

    authors: Sarmiento M,Lira P,Ocqueteau M,Rodríguez MA,García MJ,Jara V,Bertín P,Ramírez P

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Soft tissue sarcoma. Combined treatment of drug therapy, radiotherapy and conservative surgery].

    abstract::The preliminary results of a prospective and cooperative protocol for the treatment of soft tissue sarcomas of trunk and extremities, stages IB-IIIB are presented. Thirty one patients (17 males, 22 with a tumor larger than 5 cm) aged 16 to 68 years, were treated with one dose of epirubicin 70 mg/m2 i.v. and radiothera...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: San Martín S,Pérez R,Sepúlveda M,Rodríguez M,Durán B,Trujillo C,Arraztoa J

    更新日期:1993-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Intrarenal arterial doppler ultrasonography in cirrhotic patients with ascites, with and without hepatorenal syndrome].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The pathophysiological hallmark of the hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is renal vasoconstriction. Doppler ultrasonography can be used to assess the vascular resistance in small renal intraparenchymal vessels through analysis of the Doppler waveform by a parameter termed Resistive Index (RI). We postulated that th...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Bardi A,Sapunar J,Oksenberg D,Poniachik J,Fernández M,Paolinelli P,Orozco R,Biagini L

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Iodine nutrition in school children of four census areas of Chile].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although endemic goiter is an easily controlled chronic disease, it continues to be a serious global public health problem. AIM:To study iodine nutrition in school age children from different areas of Chile. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Thyroid gland was palpated in 4181 school age children from Calama, Santiago, ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Muzzo S,Burgueño M,Carvajal F,Biolley E,Avendaño M,Vargas S,Leiva L

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Health and humanization Diploma: the value of reflection and face to face learning].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In a rapidly changing culture like ours, with emphasis on productivity, there is a strong need to find the meaning of health care work using learning instances that privilege reflection and face to face contact with others. The Diploma in Health and Humanization (DSH), was developed as an interdisciplinary s...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872015000300008

    authors: Martínez-Gutiérrez J,Magliozzi P,Torres P,Soto M,Walker R

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Live birth after transfer of vitrified-warmed embryo derived from vitrified-warmed oocyte and frozen-thawed sperm following failed ICSI: Case report.

    abstract::Since the first successful pregnancy from a frozen human oocyte was reported, remarkable technological progress has been made in the area of cryopreservation of human oocytes. We report a successful delivery of two healthy babies after transfer of vitrified-warmed embryos derived from intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872017000300017

    authors: Zhang Z,Zhu J,Zhang H,Xi Q,Geng D,Deng S,Liu R

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Malignant infarct of the middle cerebral artery in a patient with bacterial meningitis].

    abstract::The mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (BM) has remained stable in the last decades in spite of the use of new antibiotics, probably due to vascular complications. We report a 68-year-old woman with BM who had a malignant infarction of left middle cerebral artery territory 72 hours after admission to the hospital...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872004001000009

    authors: López MG,Mellado PT,Huete IL

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Diabetes mellitus caused by a mutation of glucokinase gene. Report of an affected family].

    abstract::Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) refers to a heterogeneous group of monogenic diabetes. Unlike other types of MODY characterized by genetic defects in transcription factors, MODY 2 is triggered by metabolic alterations caused by mutations of glucokinase (GCK), the first enzyme of the glycolytic pathway. We ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872017000901203

    authors: Pollak C F,Lagos L M,Santos M JL,Poggi H,Urzúa C A,Rumié C H

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Health-related quality of life in Chilean patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a relevant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Short Form 6 dimensions (SF-6D) quality of life tool allows researchers to calculate preference-based utilities using data from SF-12 or SF-36 questionnaires. AIM:To provide normative values of SF-6...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872017000200001

    authors: Collado-Mateo D,Adsuar JC,Olivares PR,García-Gordillo MÁ

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Acute promyelocytic leukemia: results of the Chilean protocol LPA2000].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The current recommendations for treatment of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) include all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and anthracycline based chemotherapy. AIM:To evaluate the results of the Chilean protocol following the LPA99 regimen of the Spanish PETHEMA group, except for ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872013001000001

    authors: Undurraga MS,Puga B,Cabrera ME,Palma T,Rossle A,Vergara CG,Rojas B,Aspillaga A

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of dental fluorosis in Chile: a pilot study].

    abstract::The prevalence of enamel fluorosis and its severity was studied in 118 young men of 2 socio-economic levels. The subjects were born and resided for at least 6 years in Chilean communities with different natural levels of fluoride in drinking water. There was a high prevalence of enamel defect overall (54%) most of it ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Mella S,Atalah E,Aranda W,Montagna R

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Intensive chemotherapy for Burkitt lymphoma in HIV positive patients].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Burkitt lymphoma has a low incidence, is highly aggressive, may be endemic, sporadic or associated with immunodeficiency and it has a high frequency of extranodal involvement. Overall and relapse free survival in HIV patients is 72 and 71% respectively. However, the current protocol in Chile considers a posi...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872015001200001

    authors: Puga L B,Bustamante K K,Molina E J,Andrade M A

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Measurement of the carbon footprint at a regional hospital].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Measuring the carbon footprint (CF) makes it possible to estimate the contribution of clinical activity to global warming. AIM:To measure the emitter components of CO2 equivalents (CO2e) at the Hospital Base, Puerto Montt (HBPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS:Descriptive study with data collected retrospectively be...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872018001201384

    authors: Balkenhol M,Castillo A,Soto M,Feijoo M,Merino W

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Airway tridimensional printing].

    abstract::Tridimensional printing is becoming relevant in medicine, specially in surgical and interventional specialties. We review the technical aspects and clinical application of airway tridimensional printing. Using this technique, simulation models for bronchoscopy and models for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such ...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.4067/s0034-98872019001001315

    authors: Gando S,Labarca G,Majid A,Folch E,Mehta HJ,Jantz M,Fernandez-Bussy S

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Trends in current medicine].

    abstract::Predicting the future of medicine is daring. One can speculate about some of its future traits at the most. The spectacular progress in biological sciences has nurtured the hope that medicine will be able to dominate all ailments, improve the quality of life and longevity. Physicians are uncomfortable with the weak kn...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Goic A

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Delayed hypersensitivity to evoked antigens: normal values in Chilean young adults].

    abstract::Delayed hypersensitivity skin test are widely accepted as in vivo measure of cellular immunity. Since genetic and environmental factors may affect these tests, each population must establish its own normal values. The aim of this work was to study delayed hypersensitivity in Chilean normal young adults. We studied the...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Jurlow E,Orvieto M,Guerrero J,Bezanilla CG,Cox P,Cartier E,Silva M

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome: report of 3 cases].

    abstract::Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is characterized by facial or lip edema, peripheral facial palsy and scrotal tongue. We report three patients with the syndrome. A 17 years old male had malar and superior lip enlargement that coincided with a peripheral facial palsy. A 40 years old male with recurrent facial palsy presen...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Donoso A,Esguep A

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Longterm remission of left posterior fascicular ventricular tachycardia due to mechanical trauma.

    abstract::We present a case of a 28 year old woman with paroxysmal left posterior fascicular ventricular tachycardia (LPFVT). Ventricular tachycardia was not inducible after completing of left ventricle 3D reconstruction. Even though catheter ablation was not performed, no LPFVT recurrence has been documented during 60 months f...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:/S0034-98872010000800011

    authors: Parizek P,Popelka J,Haman L

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Reversed halo sign as an unusual manifestation of cryptogenic organized pneumonia. Report of one case].

    abstract::We report a 64 years old female admitted with fever, cough, dyspnea and lung opacities in the chest X ray. A chest tomography scan (CTS) showed multiple-bilateral ring-shaped opacities and the reversed halo sign (RHS). The patient did not improve with antimicrobial therapy (AT). Infection and rheumatologic causes were...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872019000500663

    authors: Schiappacasse G,Acevedo A,Martínez R,Escobar J,Hernández A,Pires Y

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Adult cyclic neutropenia: acute ileitis as an initial clinical manifestation].

    abstract::Cyclic neutropenia is a rare disease in which blood neutrophils periodically decrease and almost disappear, ensuing acute infections of variable severity. We report a 37 years old female presenting with severe abdominal pain, fever and neutropenia. During a surgical abdominal exploration, an acute ileitis was found. D...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Larraín C,Gómez J

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Identification of B and F human immunodeficiency virus subtypes in Chilean patients].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Type I human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is characterized by a great genetic variability. There are three groups of virus throughout the world: O, N and M. Group M is responsible for AIDS pandemic and is subdivided in 9 genetic subtypes. Most viral strains in South America are subtype B. AIM:To determine t...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Ríos M,Villanueva C,San Martín C,Ramírez E

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Report of six cases].

    abstract::Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a heterogeneous disease characterized by symmetrical motor and sensitive alterations, absence of tendon reflexes and increased cerebrospinal fluid protein levels. We report 6 patients with the disease, (three males) aged 41 to 70 years old. Four had the classical pr...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Araya P,Fruns M,Silva C,Pedraza L

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Chilean children and adolescents].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Psychiatric disorders that appear during childhood or adolescence should be a public health priority. AIM:To report the results of a national representative survey in the Latin American region examining the prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Subject...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4067/S0034-98872012000400005

    authors: Vicente B,Saldivia S,de la Barra F,Melipillán R,Valdivia M,Kohn R

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Evolution of internal medicine and its specialties in the last decades: an outward view].

    abstract::The development of the subspecialties of internal medicine in the western world is reviewed from a historical perspective, focusing on the case of the United States of America. During the last decades, changes both in society and in medicine as a whole have prompted a great dispersion of medical practice styles, not a...

    journal_title:Revista medica de Chile

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Rosselot E

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00