Reflux during positive pressure ventilation through the laryngeal mask.


:Patients undergoing anaesthesia for cataract surgery were anaesthetized and their lungs ventilated by intermittent positive pressure ventilation. In one group, ventilation was facilitated by tracheal intubation and in the other group by laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Reflux of stomach contents into the oesophagus was monitored continuously using an indwelling oesophageal pH electrode. The number of discrete episodes of reflux was higher in the LMA group (P = 0.0178), as was the incidence of reflux at antagonism of neuromuscular block (P = 0.0349).


Br J Anaesth


Valentine J,Stakes AF,Bellamy MC




Has Abstract


1994-10-01 00:00:00














  • Use of atracurium during major abdominal surgery in infants with hepatic dysfunction from biliary atresia.

    abstract::The use of atracurium during major abdominal surgery was assessed in 20 infants with hepatic dysfunction caused by biliary atresia. An initial dose of 0.6 mg kg-1 provided excellent intubating conditions in all patients. Subsequent neuromuscular blockade was monitored with a peripheral nerve stimulator and incremental...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simpson DA,Green DW

    更新日期:1986-11-01 00:00:00

  • Induction dose-response of propofol in unpremedicated children.

    abstract::The induction dose requirements of propofol were compared in three age groups in 300 unpremedicated healthy Chinese children: group A, younger than 2 yr (n = 48); group B, 2-5 yr (n = 117); group C, 6-12 yr (n = 135). Patients in each group were allocated randomly to receive one of eight doses of propofol (1.2, 1.4, 1...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Aun CS,Short SM,Leung DH,Oh TE

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differential B and C fibre block by an amide- and an ester-linked local anaesthetic.

    abstract::The relative sensitivity of sympathetic preganglionic and postganglionic axons, B and C fibres, respectively, to two structurally dissimilar local anaesthetics was examined. The concentration of amethocaine (ester-linked tertiary amine) or prilocaine (amide-linked secondary amine) required to reduce the B fibre compou...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scurlock JE,Heavner JE,de Jong RH

    更新日期:1975-11-01 00:00:00

  • Elective use of supraglottic airway devices for primary airway management in children with difficult airways.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Supraglottic airways (SGAs) have an established role in airway management of difficult airways in both adults and children. However, there are limited data regarding the use of SGAs for primary airway management in children. The aim of this study is to assess the success rates and adverse events related to t...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jagannathan N,Sequera-Ramos L,Sohn L,Wallis B,Shertzer A,Schaldenbrand K

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anaesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Eisenmenger's syndrome.

    abstract::We describe the management of a patient with Eisenmenger's syndrome presenting for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Of prime concern was maintenance of systemic vascular resistance and this was achieved using infusion of noradrenaline started before induction of anaesthesia and continued after operation. Avoidance of oth...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sammut MS,Paes ML

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative intravenous iron before cardiac surgery: a prospective multicentre feasibility study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Preoperative anaemia affects one third of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Although it is recommended that perioperative teams should identify and treat patients with preoperative anaemia before surgery, introducing new treatment protocols can be c...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Klein AA,Chau M,Yeates JA,Collier T,Evans C,Agarwal S,Richards T,UK Cardiac and Vascular Surgery Interventional Anaemia Response (CAVIAR) study team.

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Days alive and out of hospital after fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty: an observational cohort study in 16 137 patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Days alive and out of hospital (DAH) has been proposed as a pragmatic outcome measure of surgical quality. However, there is a lack of procedure specific data or data within an optimised fast-track protocol. Furthermore, information about influence of follow-up duration and types of complications on DAH is l...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Jørgensen CC,Petersen PB,Kehlet H,Lundbeck Foundation Center for Fast-track Hip and Knee Replacement Collaborative Group.

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of changes in electroencephalographic measures during induction of general anaesthesia: influence of the gamma frequency band and electromyogram signal.

    abstract::Recent research has shown that high-frequency, gamma-band electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations (40-60 Hz) may be an important marker of the conscious state. We compared the ability of the bispectral index (BIS) to distinguish the awake and anaesthetized states during the induction of general anaesthesia with: (i...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sleigh JW,Steyn-Ross DA,Steyn-Ross ML,Williams ML,Smith P

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • The auditory steady state response during sufentanil anaesthesia.

    abstract::The auditory steady state response (ASSR) is a sinusoidal evoked potential elicited by rapidly repeated auditory stimuli. The ASSR was recorded in eight patients during high-dose sufentanil anaesthesia for cardiac surgery in order to assess its usefulness as a measure of the level of consciousness. The electroencephal...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plourde G,Boylan JF

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Extradural morphine for the relief of pain following caesarean section.

    abstract::Thirty patients took part in a double-blind trial to compare morphine 10 mg i.m. with morphine 5 mg into the extradural space for pain relief following Caesarean section. With the extradural route the mean time to first analgesia was 7.95 h compared with 4.75 h for the i.m. route. The mean number of further doses of d...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Chambers WA,Mowbray A,Wilson J

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • Preoperative anxiety and pain sensitivity are independent predictors of propofol and sevoflurane requirements in general anaesthesia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Psychological factors are thought to drive inter-patient variations in anaesthetic and analgesic requirements. This cross-sectional study investigated whether preoperative psychological factors can predict anaesthetic requirements and postoperative pain. METHODS:Before total thyroidectomy, 100 consecutive w...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kil HK,Kim WO,Chung WY,Kim GH,Seo H,Hong JY

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Aerosolized surfactant therapy for endotoxin-induced experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome in rats.

    abstract::We have compared the effects of inhalation of aerosolized surfactant on experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome. Escherichia coli endotoxin (55 (SD 20) mg kg(-1)) was injected into the tracheas of 36 adult rats anaesthetized and mechanically ventilated with pure oxygen. When the Pa(O(2)) decreased to 11.3 (3....

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tashiro K,Yamada K,Konzaki T,Yamamoto K,Ohmura S,Kobayashi T,Suzuki Y

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Haemodynamic responses to incision and sternotomy in relation to the auditory evoked potential and spontaneous EEG.

    abstract::We investigated the effect of incision and sternotomy on the auditory evoked potential (AEP) and EEG, to try to predict a haemodynamic response to incision or sternotomy using the AEP and EEG in 41 patients undergoing cardiac surgery during propofol and alfentanil anaesthesia. The AEP and EEG were recorded before inci...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Beer NA,van Hooff JC,Cluitmans PJ,Korsten HH,Grouls RJ

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • An assessment of the Gapmeter Lab Kit.

    abstract::The Gapmeter Lab Kit series of flowmeters has been calibrated using air. Two of the flowmeters were also calibrated using argon and oxygen as the priming gases. Linear calibration graphs have been obtained for all the Gapmeters. The two low flow Gapmeters are extremely susceptible to back-pressure. ...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barnes P,Birdi H

    更新日期:1977-03-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of changes in lactate concentration with intravascular microdialysis during high-risk cardiac surgery using the trend interchangeability method.

    abstract:Background:Blood lactate is a strong predictor of mortality, and repeated blood lactate assays are recommended during surgery in high-risk patients. We hypothesized that the use of intravascular microdialysis incorporated in a central venous catheter would be interchangeable with the reference blood gas technique to mo...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gouëzel C,Lorne E,Bonnet V,Fradin S,Saplacan V,Gérard JL,Hanouz JL,Fellahi JL,Fischer MO,FHT (French Hemodynamic Team).

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Psychomotor recovery in very old patients after total intravenous or balanced anaesthesia for cataract surgery.

    abstract::We compared psychomotor recovery after total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with remifentanil/propofol and balanced anaesthesia (BAL) with etomidate/fentanyl/isoflurane in 40 patients, ASA I-III, aged > or =80 yr undergoing elective cataract surgery. Recovery times were recorded and psychomotor recovery was assessed a...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kubitz J,Epple J,Bach A,Motsch J,Martin E,Schmidt H

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • Performing perioperative optimization of the high-risk surgical patient.

    abstract::Perioperative risk of death after general surgery is quoted as overall less than 1%. However, each individual's risk varies widely according to many identified factors with some having a significantly increased risk of a worse outcome. The observation that manipulating and targeting certain physiological parameters in...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tote SP,Grounds RM

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mivacurium in the myasthenic patient.

    abstract::We have used mivacurium in four myasthenic patients presenting for thymectomy. Supramaximal single twitch stimulation was applied to the ulnar nerve at the wrist and the force of contraction of the adductor pollicis was measured. After an initial bolus dose of 30 micrograms kg-1 (approximately one-fifth of the normal ...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paterson IG,Hood JR,Russell SH,Weston MD,Hirsch NP

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Recordings of, and an anatomical explanation for, false positive loss of resistance during lumbar extradural analgesia.

    abstract::Loss of resistance dorsal to the ligamentum flavum was recorded in 10 of 16 patients aged 43--75 yr whilst performing extradural anaesthesia at the L2--3 interspace via the midline approach. Degeneration of the interspinous ligament with cavity formation is observed frequently in the elderly and may account for false ...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharrock NE

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00

  • Preoxygenation--the importance of a good face mask seal.

    abstract::We have studied 16 healthy volunteers whose lungs were preoxygenated six times each in order to assess the amount of room air entrained during tidal volume preoxygenation if a good seal is not maintained between the face mask and the face. With a fresh gas flow of 10 litre min-1, we found that using gravity alone to h...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: McGowan P,Skinner A

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Baroreceptor control of regional haemodynamics during halothane anaesthesia in the dog.

    abstract::Regional haemodynamic control by the cardiovascular baroreceptors was examined in dogs anaesthetized with 1 + MAC halothane in oxygen (1%). The open-loop relationships between carotid sinus pressure (CSP) and regional haemodynamics in the iliac, renal, mesenteric, aortic and coeliac beds were examined before vagotomy,...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bagshaw RJ,Cox RH

    更新日期:1977-06-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of continuous intercostal bupivacaine for pain relief after thoracotomy.

    abstract::We studied 20 patients undergoing thoracotomy, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial of intercostal bupivacaine. Bupivacaine 0.25% was infused at 5 ml h-1 through each of two catheters placed in the intercostal space at operation. Mean (95% confidence limits) 24-h requirements for morphine from a patie...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dryden CM,McMenemin I,Duthie DJ

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Propofol injection pain in children: a prospective randomized double-blind trial of a new propofol formulation versus propofol with added lidocaine.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The incidence of pain on injection of propofol remains unacceptably high in children, despite various strategies to reduce it. A new drug formulation of propofol has, in adult studies, been reported to cause less injection pain compared with other propofol solutions. The aim of the present prospective random...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Nyman Y,von Hofsten K,Georgiadi A,Eksborg S,Lönnqvist PA

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Observations on extradural morphine analgesia in various pain conditions.

    abstract::We report the extradural administration of low-dose morphine in 10 ml of 10% dextrose (2-3 mg) to 98 adult patients with various types of acute and chronic pain. Extradural morphine injections were given either via a Tuohy needle (single or repeat injection) or via an extradural catheter. Pain relief was evaluated by ...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magora F,Olshwang D,Eimerl D,Shorr J,Katzenelson R,Cotev S,Davidson JT

    更新日期:1980-03-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of residual antiplatelet activity of clopidogrel before neuraxial injections.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Guidelines recommend discontinuation of clopidogrel for 7 days before a neuraxial injection, while other directives suggest that 5 days might be adequate. We examined the time course of antiplatelet activity after clopidogrel discontinuation in patients undergoing epidural injections. METHODS:Thirteen patie...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benzon HT,McCarthy RJ,Benzon HA,Kendall MC,Robak S,Lindholm PF,Kallas PG,Katz JA

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Third-generation FloTrac/Vigileo does not reliably track changes in cardiac output induced by norepinephrine in critically ill patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The ability of the third-generation FloTrac/Vigileo software to track changes in cardiac index (CI) induced by volume expansion and norepinephrine in critically ill patients is unknown. METHODS:In subjects with circulatory failure, we administered volume expansion (20 subjects) and increased (20 subjects) o...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monnet X,Anguel N,Jozwiak M,Richard C,Teboul JL

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Does the addition of clonidine affect duration of analgesia of bupivacaine wound infiltration in inguinal hernia surgery?

    abstract::We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind study to compare analgesia obtained by wound infiltration using 29 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine alone, or with the addition of clonidine hydrochloride 150 micrograms. A third group received bupivacaine wound infiltration with clonidine 150 micrograms i.m. to control for ...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Elliott S,Eckersall S,Fligelstone L,Jothilingam S

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of phenylephrine administration on cerebral tissue oxygen saturation and blood volume is modulated by carbon dioxide in anaesthetized patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Multiple studies have shown that cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (Sct(O(2))) is decreased after phenylephrine treatment. We hypothesized that the negative impact of phenylephrine administration on Sct(O(2)) is affected by arterial blood carbon dioxide partial pressure (Pa(CO(2))) because CO(2) is a powerfu...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Meng L,Gelb AW,Alexander BS,Cerussi AE,Tromberg BJ,Yu Z,Mantulin WW

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of lidocaine on ischaemic preconditioning in isolated rat heart.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lidocaine is frequently used as an agent to treat ventricular arrhythmias associated with acute myocardial ischaemia. Lidocaine is a potent blocker not only of sodium channels, but also of ATP-sensitive potassium channels. The opening of these channels is a key mechanism of ischaemic preconditioning. We inve...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barthel H,Ebel D,Müllenheim J,Obal D,Preckel B,Schlack W

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by sodium nitroprusside and the mechanism of cyanide liberation.

    abstract::The influence of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on mitochondrial respiration was examined in rat liver mitochondria. The addition of SNP 1 mmol litre-1 during state 3 respiration inhibited the oxygen uptake by 63.4%. A mixture of SNP 1 mmol litre-1 and glutathione (GSH) 1 mmol litre-1 inhibited the oxygen uptake more mark...

    journal_title:British journal of anaesthesia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakamura S,Shin T,Hirokata Y,Shigematsu A

    更新日期:1977-12-01 00:00:00