Maternal mortality or prolonged growth: age at death and pelvic size in three prehistoric Amerindian populations.


:This study evaluates the relationship between age at death and pelvic size among adults in three prehistoric Amerindian populations. The issue is to identify if the pelvis continues to grow and remodel in adulthood, or if there is differential survivorship among adults, particularly among females, based on pelvic size. The samples used in this study are Indian Knoll, Pecos Pueblo, and Libben. Twenty-one measures of the pelvis are analyzed. A correlational analysis among individuals 18 years of age and older shows that the subpubic angle narrows with advancing age in both sexes. The suggested etiology is osteophytic growth on the ischiopubic ramus among older adults. A two-sample test comparing younger (ages 18-24) and older (25 years of age and older) adults shows that the linea terminalis (which represents the pubic and iliac components of the pelvic inlet) is significantly shorter in the younger age group, but this pattern is seen only in females. Two interpretations are consistent with this result. First, a female with a short linea terminalis (i.e., small pelvic inlet) may have died at a young age due to childbirth-related complications. In prehistory, maternal mortality may have been a leading cause of death, with pelvic inlet capacity being a determinant of survivorship among parturients. Second, the linea terminalis may be unique by continuing to grow in early adulthood in females but not in males; the growth occurs at the medial border of the pubis. Longitudinal growth studies of modern humans provide support for the second interpretation. The selective advantage of a later age at maturation of the pubis in females than males is that the period of growth is prolonged, thereby contributing to sexual dimorphism in pubic length and, correspondingly, linea terminalis length and pelvic inlet circumference.


Am J Phys Anthropol


Tague RG




Has Abstract


1994-09-01 00:00:00












  • European pliopithecid diets revised in the light of dental microwear in Pliopithecus canmatensis and Barberapithecus huerzeleri.

    abstract::Pliopithecinae and Crouzeliinae (Primates: Pliopithecidae) are distinguished dentally by the sharper crests, more compressed cusps, larger foveae, and narrower molars of the latter. Traditionally, such differences were qualitatively related to increased folivory in crouzeliines. This was subsequently disproved by micr...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeMiguel D,Alba DM,Moyà-Solà S

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Age estimation from stages of union of the vertebral epiphyses of the ribs.

    abstract::This study attempts to fill a persistent gap in the literature by documenting the timing of epiphyseal union at the vertebral end of the ribs in a sample of modern Portuguese skeletons. The skeletal remains of 53 females and 45 males, between the ages of 11 and 30, were taken from the Lisbon documented skeletal collec...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ríos L,Cardoso HF

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: skeletal evidence of operations on cadavers from Sens (Yonne, France) at the end of the XVth century.

    abstract::Human remains giving direct evidence concerning the history of dissection practices are rare. Thirteen cranial fragments which bear evidence of having been purposely cut and sawn were discovered in a crypt during excavations undertaken in Sens (Yonne, France). Ceramics date these remains to the period from the end of ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Valentin F,d'Errico F

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of honing in the male baboon canine.

    abstract::Male baboons use their sharp upper canines in aggressive interactions. These teeth are sharpened against specialized lower third premolars. The honing premolar is protected against wear by having very thick enamel and the upper canine having very thin enamel, not by structural or mineral differences between the two en...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walker A

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Are human hands and feet affected by climate? A test of Allen's rule.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In recent years, several studies have shown that populations from cold, high-latitude regions tend to have relatively shorter limbs than populations from tropical regions, with most of the difference due to the relative length of the zeugopods (i.e., radius, ulna, tibia, fibula). This pattern has been explai...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Betti L,Lycett SJ,von Cramon-Taubadel N,Pearson OM

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • A critique of homology as a morphological concept.

    abstract::Two sequences of nucleotides are homologous if they are descended through a chain of replication from a common precursor molecule. Since organs are not copies or transcriptions of organs, the concept of morphological homology has no such simple and unambiguous definition. The theoretical vagueness of morphological hom...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cartmill M

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ectocranial suture closure in Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla: pattern and phylogeny.

    abstract::The order in which ectocranial sutures undergo fusion displays species-specific variation among primates. However, the precise relationship between suture closure and phylogenetic affinities is poorly understood. In this study, we used Guttman Scaling to determine if the modal progression of suture closure differs amo...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cray J Jr,Meindl RS,Sherwood CC,Lovejoy CO

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Paternity and kinship patterns in polyandrous moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax).

    abstract::We studied patterns of genetic relatedness and paternity in moustached tamarins, small Neotropical primates living in groups of 1-4 adult males and 1-4 adult females. Generally only one female per group breeds, mating with more than one male. Twin birth are the norm. In order to examine the genetic consequences of thi...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huck M,Löttker P,Böhle UR,Heymann EW

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Blood groups and types, hemoglobin variants, and G-6-PD deficiency among Abu Dhabians in the United Arab Emirates.

    abstract::Some erythrocyte genetic factors were studied in the indigenous population of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, on the southeastern coast of the Arabian peninsula. Determinations carried out included blood groups and types ABO, MNS, Rh0, KkJsa, FyaFyb, P1, Lea, Vela, hemoglobin variants, and screenin...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamel K,Chandy R,Mousa H,Yunis D

    更新日期:1980-05-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in skeletal robusticity in an iron age agropastoral group: the Samnites from the Alfedena necropolis (Abruzzo, Central Italy).

    abstract::Cross-sectional geometrical (CSG) properties of an Iron Age Samnite group from the Alfedena necropolis (Abruzzo, Italy, 2600-2400 B.P.) are compared with a Ligurian Neolithic sample (6000-5500 B.P.). In the period under examination, Samnites were organized in a tribal confederation led by patrilinear aristocracies, in...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Sparacello VS,Pearson OM,Coppa A,Marchi D

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Technical note: The effect of midshaft location on the error ranges of femoral and tibial cross-sectional parameters.

    abstract::In comparing long-bone cross-sectional geometric properties between individuals, percentages of bone length are often used to identify equivalent locations along the diaphysis. In fragmentary specimens where bone lengths cannot be measured, however, these locations must be estimated more indirectly. In this study, we ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Sládek V,Berner M,Galeta P,Friedl L,Kudrnová S

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Rare temporal bone pathology of the Singa calvaria from Sudan.

    abstract::Evidence has recently accumulated that the Singa calvaria from Sudan probably dates from Oxygen Isotope Stage 6 (>130 ka). Morphological studies have indicated a mixture of archaic and more modern human traits, but such analyses are complicated by the possibility that the vault is pathologically deformed, although the...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Spoor F,Stringer C,Zonneveld F

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • A radiographic technique of interest to physical anthropologists.

    abstract::A radiographic technique for processing a large number of human crania was developed to aid in the diagnosis of porotic hyperostosis in a large skeletal population. These images are made directly onto photographic paper, thereby reducing costs and increasing the rate of processing. The technique is especially well sui...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fairgrieve SI,Bashford J

    更新日期:1988-09-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic risk for earlier menarche also influences peripubertal body mass index.

    abstract::It is unclear whether earlier age at menarche is associated with higher body mass index (BMI) because they share a common genetic underpinning. We investigated the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influencing menarche timing on peripubertal BMI. For 556 Fels Longitudinal Study children (277 boys/279 gi...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson W,Choh AC,Curran JE,Czerwinski SA,Bellis C,Dyer TD,Blangero J,Towne B,Demerath EW

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Water consumption in Iron Age, Roman, and Early Medieval Croatia.

    abstract::Patterns of water consumption by past human populations are rarely considered, yet drinking behavior is socially mediated and access to water sources is often socially controlled. Oxygen isotope analysis of archeological human remains is commonly used to identify migrants in the archeological record, but it can also b...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Lightfoot E,Slaus M,O'Connell TC

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Some notes on the Vértesszöllös occipital.

    abstract::An examination of the Vértesszöllös occipital bone indicates the need for takings its condition and preservation as well as certain aspects of its morphology into account prior to a metric assessment of its features. This analysis confirms the presence of extrasutural bones on the lambdoidal suture as well as some dis...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Wolpoff MH

    更新日期:1977-11-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic and environmental effects on growth of children from a subsistence agricultural community in southern Mexico.

    abstract::Sibling correlations for size attained in height, weight, sitting height, estimated leg length, the triceps skinfold, arm circumference, and estimated midarm muscle circumference were compared in 6- through 13-year-old schoolchildren grouped by household socioeconomic status. The children were residents of a Zapotec-s...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Little BB,Malina RM,Buschang PH,DeMoss JH,Little LR

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • Dental wear and oral pathology: possible evidence and consequences of habitual use of teeth in a Swedish Neolithic sample.

    abstract::Atypical wear and oral lesions were studied in the dental remains from the Middle Neolithic Pitted Ware Culture site Ajvide on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. Teeth (n = 764) from 17 males and 11 females were examined microscopically to document unusual wear, assess wear patterns and oral lesions as evidence ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Molnar P

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation by distance in Middle Dalmatia-Yugoslavia.

    abstract::Parameters of Malécot's isolation-by-distance model are estimated for biological (anthropometric head and body dimensions, morphometric dimensions of metacarpal bones, quantitative and qualitative dermatoglyphic traits, and physiological/cardiorespiratory/variables) and linguistic distances and migrational kinship on ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rudan P,Simić D,Smolej-Narancić N,Bennett LA,Janićijević B,Jovanović V,Lethbridge MF,Milicić J,Roberts DF,Sujoldzić A

    更新日期:1987-11-01 00:00:00

  • Hominid footprints at Laetoli: facts and interpretations.

    abstract::The history of discovery and interpretation of primate footprints at the site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania is reviewed. An analysis of the geological context of these tracks is provided. The hominid tracks in Tuff 7 at Site G in the Garusi River Valley demonstrate bipedality at a mid-Pliocene datum. Comparison of t...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White TD,Suwa G

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • The phylogeny and ontogeny of humeral torsion.

    abstract::In a series of specimens extending from fossil material through recent vertebrates including man there occurs a gradual phylogenetic increase in the degree of humeral torsion. A further (ontogenetic) torsion is superimposed upon the phylogenetic one in man which increases from birth until the proximal epiphysial carti...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krahl VE

    更新日期:1976-11-01 00:00:00

  • Brain endocast asymmetry in pongids and hominids: some preliminary findings on the paleontology of cerebral dominance.

    abstract::Observations on petalial asymmetry for 190 hominoid endocasts are reported, and their statistical differences assessed. While all taxa of hominoids show asymmetries to various degrees, the patterns or combinations of petalial asymmetries are very different, with fossil hominoids and modern Homo sapiens showing an iden...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holloway RL,De La Costelareymondie MC

    更新日期:1982-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of undernutrition on deciduous tooth emergence among Rajput children of Shimla District of Himachal Pradesh, India.

    abstract::This article examines the influence of nutritional status on the emergence of deciduous dentition in a cross-sectional sample of 510 rural Rajput children from the Jubbal and Kotkhai Tehsils, Shimla District, Himachal Pradesh, India. The nutritional status of each child was evaluated using Z-scores of height/supine le...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaur R,Kumar P

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Construction and use of an inexpensive "anthropometer".

    abstract::An inexpensive anthropometer, suitable for use in undergraduate projects, was constructed from aluminum rod and components designed from laboratory retort stands. Only modest workshop skills and widely available machine tools were required to produce the device, which could be used to take accurate and reproducible me...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarke GS

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: diachronic investigation of linear enamel hypoplasia in prehistoric skeletal samples from Trentino, Italy.

    abstract::Linear enamel hypoplasia was scored on Neolithic, Copper Age, and Early Bronze Age samples from the Trentino region, Italy, in order to compare the extent of growth disruption in different biocultural subsistence systems (foragers with little agriculture, to agriculturists and agropastoralists). The Early Bronze Age s...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Cucina A

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • New fossil hominids from Laetolil, Tanzania.

    abstract::New fossil hominid specimens from the Laetolili fossil locality in Tanzania are described. The material includes mandibles and teeth derived from reliably-dated deposits of Pliocene age. Preliminary descriptions, measurements and illustrations are presented. ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: White TD

    更新日期:1977-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the auricular surface method for non-adult sex estimation on the Lisbon documented collection.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Sex is usually not estimated in skeletonized non-adult individuals because sexual dimorphism is considered minimal before puberty. In 2017, a new approach based on the shape of the auricular surface was proposed, showing that this anatomic area of the ilium is dimorphic. This study tests the reproducibility ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monge Calleja ÁM,Aranda CM,Santos AL,Luna LH

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of TSPY genes from Y-chromosomal DNA of the great apes and humans: sequence, evolution, and phylogeny.

    abstract::The genes for testis-specific protein Y (TSPY) were sequenced from chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), and baboon (Papio hamadryas). The sequences were compared with each other and with the published human sequence. Substitutions were detected at 144 of the 755 nucleoti...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim HS,Takenaka O

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Structured exploratory data analysis (SEDA) of finger ridge-count inheritance: II. Association arrays in parent-offspring and sib-sib pairs.

    abstract::Familial similarity of the dermatoglyphic trait values of finger ridge-count scores and pattern intensity index is examined for 125 nuclear families from the Velanadu Brahmin population of Southern India by the method of association arrays. This methodology assesses parent-offspring and sibship similarity through a co...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karlin S,Williams PT,Chakraborty R,Mathew S

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • The pattern of involvement of appendicular degenerative joint disease.

    abstract::Patterns of degenerative joint disease are investigated in the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee joints of the macerated remains of approximately 800 individuals from 20th century American and two prehistoric populations. Age is an important contributory factor in all joints, but its effects are seen most directly in the...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Jurmain RD

    更新日期:1980-07-01 00:00:00