[Clinical and differential diagnosis of multi-infarct dementia and Alzheimer's disease].

Abstract:

:Multi-infarct dementia (MID) and dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) are the main syndromes in the elderly. This study aims at evaluating the possible differentiation of these syndromes on a clinical basis. The patient population consisted of demented patients hospitalized during the period April 1, 1988-September 30, 1990 at the Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases. The study included 40 patients with MID and 25 with DAT. The clinical diagnosis of dementia included medical history, neurological examination, psychiatric interview and laboratory diagnostic investigations. The severity of the dementia symptoms was rated by many rating scales and a battery of neuropsychological tests. This model of clinical procedure permitted for differential diagnosis between vascular and degenerative dementia, according to DSM-III-R criteria. Patients with multi-infarct dementia of the Alzheimer type did not differ significantly with regard to age, mean duration of cognitive impairment and level of education. In the DAT group women outnumbered men, and this was statistically significant. It should be emphasized, that a great majority of patients with cerebrovascular lesions developed early cognitive impairment, that means within the first year after stroke. In the MID group hypertension, heart disease and smoking were statistically more frequent than in the DAT group. For the preliminary evaluation the severity of cognitive impairment was quantified by Mini-Mental State and Dementia Scale. These scales showed that the degree of dementia was significantly greater in DAT patients as compared to MID patients, whereas the severity of depression assessed by Hamilton's Scale was mild and similar in both group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

journal_name

Neurol Neurochir Pol

authors

Jura E

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1992-01-01 00:00:00

pages

9-18

issue

1

eissn

0028-3843

issn

1897-4260

journal_volume

26

pub_type

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