Impact of microcirculatory flow pattern changes on the development of acute edematous and necrotizing pancreatitis in rabbit pancreas.

Abstract:

:Impairment of pancreatic microcirculation has often been advocated as one pathogenic mechanism in necrotizing pancreatitis. In contrast, data on pancreatic capillary perfusion in edematous pancreatitis are scarce. It was the aim of this experimental study to compare changes in pancreatic microcirculation in edematous and necrotizing pancreatitis. Twelve rabbits were allocated to two groups. Two different models of acute pancreatitis were used. Edematous pancreatitis was elicited by intravenous administration of cerulein (25 micrograms/kg/hr) (N = 6). Necrotizing pancreatitis of the biliary type was induced by pressure-controlled intraductal infusion of a mixture of taurocholate, trypsin, and blood (N = 6). Pancreatic microcirculation was quantified by means of intravital microscopy assessing functional capillary density, blood cell velocity, and distribution of the plasma marker FITC-dextran 70. Systemic hemodynamics were maintained at baseline values by fluid administration. Regardless of edema or necrosis, pronounced extravasation of FITC-dextran was recorded in the early stage of pancreatitis. In cerulein-induced pancreatitis, hyperemia developed as indicated by an increase in blood cell velocity in the presence of homogeneous capillary perfusion. In contrast, a progressive reduction of the number of perfused capillaries was detected in necrotizing pancreatitis. In conclusion, pancreatic microvascular perfusion may be regarded as an important pathogenetic factor for the determination of acute pancreatitis.

journal_name

Dig Dis Sci

authors

Klar E,Schratt W,Foitzik T,Buhr H,Herfarth C,Messmer K

doi

10.1007/BF02087702

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-12-01 00:00:00

pages

2639-44

issue

12

eissn

0163-2116

issn

1573-2568

journal_volume

39

pub_type

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