Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: cranial CT and MRI studies in eight patients.


:We report the findings on cranial computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their correlation with the clinical manifestations, disease severity and biochemical abnormalities in eight patients with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis. CT revealed cerebral atrophy in seven cases, cerebellar atrophy in four and focal low density lesions in the cerebral white matter in two. T2-weighted MRI showed high signal lesions in the cerebral white matter, focal in four cases and diffuse in one, and in the globus pallidus in three patients, two of whom also had lesions in the cerebellar white matter. While severely affected patients showed variable CT and MRI abnormalities, our cases did not show the dramatic findings expected from the neurological manifestations. Diffuse lesions in the cerebral and cerebellar white matter have been emphasized in previous reports, but in our study the focal lesions in the cerebral white matter were also present; the globus pallidus was frequently involved.






Hokezu Y,Kuriyama M,Kubota R,Nakagawa M,Fujiyama J,Osame M




Has Abstract


1992-01-01 00:00:00












  • MRI diagnosis and preoperative evaluation for pure epidural cavernous hemangiomas.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The aims of the study were to summarize the characteristics of the spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma, especially for the MRI, and to improve the accurate rate of the preoperative diagnosis. METHODS:The clinical and medical imaging data of six patients with pure spinal epidural cavernous hemangioma prov...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feng J,Xu YK,Li L,Yang RM,Ye XH,Zhang N,Yu T,Lin BQ

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Resolving MRI abnormalities with progression of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

    abstract::Serial MRI was performed on a 15 year old girl with Subacute Sclerosing Pan-encephalitis (SSPE]. After a period of remission she entered a phase of progressive deterioration. A repeat MRI showed significant resolution of the previous abnormalities. Her pathology and MRI scans are discussed. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winer JB,Pires M,Kermode A,Ginsberg L,Rossor M

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • MRI in radiation-induced myelopathy and pharyngocutaneous fistula.

    abstract::A patient developed a cervical myelopathy 20 months after radiotherapy for a carcinoma of the larynx. MRI showed an intramedullary lesion at C7. Although radiation myelopathy was suspected, tumour recurrence could not be excluded. A radiation-induced pharyngocutaneous fistula, confirmed histologically, appeared a mont...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Combarros O,Iglesias F,Guitera MV,Berciano J

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Venous drainage in the craniocervical region.

    abstract::The venous drainage of the craniocervical junction is made up of jugular veins and particularly the vertebral veins and their anastomoses. The anterior and posterior condylar veins join to form the plexus of the vertebral vein, the supply functions of which can be modified by the presence of the mastoid anastomotic em...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braun JP,Tournade A

    更新日期:1977-05-31 00:00:00

  • Intracranial plasmacytoma: a case report.

    abstract::Multiple myeloma may have extraosseous manifestations in the cranial region. It may be a solitary intracranial tumour without any other signs of multiple myeloma, or intracranial disease may be a part of generalised disease, as in the present case. Our patient had received chemotherapy for multiple myeloma for 9 month...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mäntylä R,Kinnunen J,Böhling T

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Multiple intracranial aneurysms in polyarteritis nodosa: MRI and angiography.

    abstract::In polyarteritis nodosa involvement of the central nervous system is infrequent; small cerebral infarcts are the most common neuroradiological finding. We report a 10-year-old boy with polyarteritis nodosa and intracranial haemorrhage. MRI showed an intracerebral haemorrhage. Angiography revealed two peripheral aneury...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oran I,Memis A,Parildar M,Yunten N

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Subdural enhancement on postoperative spinal MRI after resection of posterior cranial fossa tumours.

    abstract::In malignant brain tumours which may disseminate staging, usually by cranial and spinal MRI is necessary. If MRI is performed in the postoperative period pitfalls should be considered. Nonspecific subdural contrast enhancement on spinal staging MRI is rarely reported after resection of posterior fossa tumours, which m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warmuth-Metz M,Kühl J,Krauss J,Solymosi L

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Lumbar percutaneous discectomy. Initial experience in 28 cases.

    abstract::Since November 1988, 28 patients with lumbar L5 radiculopathy refractory to conservative care and with a radiologically verified central or mediolateral disc herniation at the level of L4/L5 had had a percutaneous discectomy. Radiological verification consisted of spinal CT +/- myelography, +/- myelo-CT, +/- MRI. A sh...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Faubert C,Caspar W

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebral venous angioma: computerized tomography and angiographic diagnosis.

    abstract::Four cases of cerebral venous angioma were studied by both CT and angiography. All cases showed similar angiographic findings: a normal arterial phase and a local network of small veins that converged centrally into a single large draining vein. However, CT showed nodular areas of high density in three cases, and a cu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maehara T,Tasaka A

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • The usefulness of diffusion-weighted/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging in the diagnostics and timing of lacunar and nonlacunar stroke.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The DWI/FLAIR mismatch is a potential radiological marker for the timing of stroke onset. The aim of the study was to assess if the DWI/FLAIR mismatch can help to identify patients with both lacunar and nonlacunar acute ischemic stroke within 4.5 h of onset. METHODS:A retrospective study was performed in ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Witkowski G,Piliszek A,Sienkiewicz-Jarosz H,Skierczyńska A,Poniatowska R,Dorobek M,Filipek-Gliszczynska A,Ryglewicz D,Walecki J

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Multiplanar reconstructed CT images increased depiction of intracranial hemorrhages in pediatric head trauma.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The benefits of multiplanar reconstructed images (MPR) of unenhanced axial head computed tomography (CT) data have not been established in trauma patients younger than 3 years old, a population in which a reliable history and physical examination may be most difficult. We retrospectively evaluated unenhanc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Langford S,Panigrahy A,Narayanan S,Hwang M,Fitz C,Flom L,Lee VK,Zuccoli G

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Lower fractional anisotropy at the anterior body of the normal-appearing corpus callosum in multiple sclerosis versus symptomatic carotid occlusion.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Not uncommonly, differentiating multiple sclerosis (MS) from ischemic cerebral vascular disease is difficult based on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aim to determine whether preferential occult injury in the normal-appearing corpus callosum (NACC) is more severe in patients with MS than ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lou X,Jiang W,Ma L,Ma N,Cai Y,Huang D,Wong EH

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosis of middle cerebral artery occlusive lesions with contrast-enhanced transcranial color-coded real-time sonography in acute stroke.

    abstract::It is useful to evaluate the occlusive lesions of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion with transcranial color-coded real-time sonography (TCCS). However, TCCS criteria for locating the site of the MCA occlusion has, as yet, remained unclear. The aim of the present study was to establish TCCS criteria for MCA occlus...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ogata T,Kimura K,Nakajima M,Naritomi H,Minematsu K

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Intrasacral myxopapillary ependymoma.

    abstract::Intrasacral ependymomas are rare, accounting for only a small fraction of primary sacral tumors. They are typically large at diagnosis, which is preceded by a long history of pain. We present a case discovered during investigation of infertility. MRI features of the myxopapillary subgroup are described. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ginsberg LE,Williams DW,Stanton C

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Peripheral cerebral aneurysm associated with a glioma.

    abstract::This 42-year-old man with acute subarachnoid, intraventricular and parenchymal hemorrhage from an angiographically and surgically confirmed successfully clipped, right splenial artery aneurysm, subsequently manifested a grade 3 astrocytoma at the site of the aneurysm. Intracranial aneurysms are recognized in associati...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barker CS

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dural arteriovenous malformations at the base of the anterior cranial fossa: report of nine cases.

    abstract::Nine men with dural arteriovenous malformations (DAVM) at the base of the anterior cranial fossa are described. Four patients had intracerebral haemorrhage and four had seizures, associated with haemorrhage in two. In three cases the fistula was an incidental finding. In five cases the diagnosis could be made before a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reul J,Thron A,Laborde G,Brückmann H

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does registration of serial MRI improve diagnosis of dementia?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:We aimed to assess the value of a second MR scan in the radiological diagnosis of dementia. METHODS:One hundred twenty subjects with clinical follow-up of at least 1 year with two scans were selected from a cognitive disorders clinic. Scans were reviewed as a single first scan (method A), two unregistered...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barnes J,Mitchell LA,Kennedy J,Bastos-Leite AJ,Barker S,Lehmann M,Nordstrom RC,Frost C,Smith JR,Garde E,Rossor MN,Fox NC

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Neuroimaging in lissencephaly type I.

    abstract::The CT scan's of 22 patients with lissencephaly type I, a severe developmental disorder of the cerebral cortex, were studied. In 6 patients a magnetic resonance (MR), scan was also performed. The CT and MR scans of the lissencephaly patients were compared to a control group consisting of 49 patients with a normal CT o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Rijk-van Andel JF,van der Knaap MS,Valk J,Arts WF

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosing dural metastases: the value of 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to assess the value of MRI, MR spectroscopy (MRS) and intra-arterial angiography in the preoperative diagnosis of extra-axial dural-based masses. We prospectively studied 54 patients who underwent preoperative MRI, MRS and angiography. Histologically there were 50 meningiomas and four dur...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bendszus M,Warmuth-Metz M,Burger R,Klein R,Tonn JC,Solymosi L

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Normal diffusion-weighted imaging in cerebral air embolism complicating angiography.

    abstract::We report a case of cerebral air embolism resulting from accidental air infection during cerebral angiography. A 60-year-old man was accidentally injected with air via the left subclavian artery. Angiography demonstrated air within the basilar artery. The patient showed signs of posterior circulation ischaemia (confus...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayama T,Mitani M,Inamura T,Yagi H,Fukui M

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Subcortical frontal lesions on MRI in patients with motor neurone disease.

    abstract::MRI was performed in 32 patients with motor neurone disease (26 men and 6 women, aged 40-77 years) and in a control group of 21 subjects. Of the patients studied, 19 had definite and 11 probable amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and two had progressive bulbar palsy. In 10 patients there were asymmetrical bilateral f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andreadou E,Sgouropoulos P,Varelas P,Gouliamos A,Papageorgiou C

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Use of a new mixture for embolization of intracranial vascular malformations. Preliminary experimental experience.

    abstract::The internal carotid artery system in swine has a special anatomic configuration similar to a brain "arterial-arterial malformation." The internal carotid artery breaks up into a multitude of fine channels (rete mirabile) situated at the base of the skull on the side of the hypophysis. This anatomic arterial model was...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lylyk P,Viñuela F,Vinters HV,Dion J,Bentson J,Duckwiler G,Lin T

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Role of stenosis of spinal canal in L4-L5 nerve root compression assessed by flexion-extension myelography.

    abstract::Myelographic flexion-extension studies were performed in four groups of 10 patients each, with (A) normal myelogram; (B) bilateral nerve root compression at L4-L5; (C) unilateral nerve root compression at L4-L5 and (D) nerve root compression at L5-S1. The aim of the investigation was to assess the role of spinal steno...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilmink JT,Penning L,van den Burg W

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison between stenting and conservative management of posterior circulation perforator aneurysms: Systematic review and case series.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Posterior circulation perforator aneurysms (PCPAs) are a rare type of intracranial aneurysms whose natural history and optimal clinical management are still largely unexplored. This study aims to report our experience with treating ruptured PCPAs and to provide a systematic review of the literature to compare t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gardijan D,Herega T,Premužić V,Jovanović I,Ozretić D,Poljaković Z,Radoš M

    更新日期:2021-01-06 00:00:00

  • Comparison of extensive brain calcification in postoperative hypoparathyroidism on CT and NMR scan.

    abstract::A case of postoperative hypoparathyroidism is presented in which calcifications seen on CT scan were differently visualized on T2 weighted NMR images. High and low signal intensities may reflect different stages of the calcifying process thus confirming neuropathological findings. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lang C,Huk W,Pichl J

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Duplication of the vertebral artery: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    abstract::Duplication of the vertebral artery is rare. We report two cases in which it was an incidental finding. In the first, duplication of the right vertebral artery was demonstrated by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and conventional angiography. The second patient had duplication of the right vertebral artery demonst...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Goddard AJ,Annesley-Williams D,Guthrie JA,Weston M

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Sparganosis in the spinal canal with partial block: an uncommon infection.

    abstract::A case of rare intraspinal sparganosis treated by surgical excision is described. In this 59-year-old male with paraparesis and voiding problem, an intradural mass was noted on myelogram. Magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomographic appearance of spinal and associated cerebral lesion are illustrated and possible r...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cho YD,Huh JD,Hwang YS,Kim HK

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serial MRI in the early postoperative period after lumbar discectomy.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine MRI findings in patients successfully operated upon for lumbar disc herniation. We investigated 20 patients with a successful outcome after L4-5 or L5-S1 disc operations clinically and with MRI preoperatively, and at 5 days, 6 weeks, and 4 months after surgery. Postoperatively, T...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Annertz M,Jönsson B,Strömqvist B,Holtås S

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • "Top of the basilar" syndrome: a comparison of clinical and MR findings.

    abstract::Among 100 patients with an infarction of the brain reported on MR and clinically confirmed there were 4 with widespread lesions of the temporal and occipital lobes, thalamus, midbrain, pons and cerebellum, all supplied by arteries originating around the top of the basilar artery. Clinically these patients presented th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barkhof F,Valk J

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • The third ventricle. Normal anatomy and changes in some pathological conditions.

    abstract::An anatomical study of the normal anterior inferior part and the floor of the third ventricle has been made and its radiological appearance shown. Specimens and casts were analyzed and correlated with ventriculograms using watersoluble contrast media. The detailed appearance of the optic recess and sulcus of Monro, wh...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corrales M,Torrealba G

    更新日期:1976-09-21 00:00:00