Evaluation and treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus-1--exposed infant.

Abstract:

:In developed countries, care and treatment are available for pregnant women and infants that can decrease the rate of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to 2% or less. The pediatrician has a key role in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 by identifying HIV-exposed infants whose mothers' HIV infection was not diagnosed before delivery, prescribing antiretroviral prophylaxis for these infants to decrease the risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection, and promoting avoidance of HIV-1 transmission through human milk. In addition, the pediatrician can provide care for HIV-exposed infants by monitoring them for early determination of HIV-1 infection status and for possible short- and long-term toxicities of antiretroviral exposure, providing chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis pneumonia, and supporting families living with HIV-1 infection by providing counseling to parents or caregivers.

journal_name

Pediatrics

journal_title

Pediatrics

authors

King SM,American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediatric AIDS.,American Academy of Pediatrics Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee.

doi

10.1542/peds.114.2.497

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-08-01 00:00:00

pages

497-505

issue

2

eissn

0031-4005

issn

1098-4275

pii

114/2/497

journal_volume

114

pub_type

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