Behavior therapy for drug abuse: a controlled treatment outcome study.


:82 Ss were studied in a comparative evaluation of a behavioral vs supportive treatment for illegal drug use. Behavioral treatment included stimulus control, urge, control, contracting/family support and competing response procedures for an average of 19 sessions. 37% of Ss in the behavioral condition were drug-free at 2 months, 54% at 6 months, and 65% at 12 months vs 20 +/- 6% for the alternative treatment during all 12 months. The behavioral treatment was more effective across sex, age, educational level, marital status and type of drug (hard-drugs, cocaine, and marijuana). Greater improvement for this condition was also noted on measures of employment/school attendance, family relationships, depression, institutionalization and alcohol use.


Behav Res Ther


Azrin NH,McMahon PT,Donohue B,Besalel VA,Lapinski KJ,Kogan ES,Acierno RE,Galloway E




Has Abstract


1994-11-01 00:00:00














  • Ost's (2008) methodological comparison of clinical trials of acceptance and commitment therapy versus cognitive behavior therapy: Matching apples with oranges?

    abstract::Ost (2008) recently compared the methodological rigor of studies of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and traditional cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). He concluded that the ACT studies had more methodological deficiencies, and thus the treatment did not qualify as an "empirically supported treatment." Although ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaudiano BA

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • The observer perspective: biased imagery in social phobia, agoraphobia, and blood/injury phobia.

    abstract::Clark and Wells' (1995): 'A cognitive model of social phobia'. In Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment (pp. 69-93), R. G. Heimberg, M. R. Liebowitz, D. A. & F. R. Hope (eds.); cognitive model of social phobia proposes that social phobics generate a negative impression of how they appear to others. This ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Wells A,Papageorgiou C

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Outcome of group cognitive-behavior therapy for bulimia nervosa: the role of core beliefs.

    abstract::It is hypothesized that individuals who benefit less from CBT will be those who have more pathological core beliefs (unconditional beliefs, unrelated to food, shape and weight). Twenty bulimic women were treated using 12 sessions of conventional group CBT. Eating behavior and attitudes were assessed pre- and posttreat...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leung N,Waller G,Thomas G

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Hypochondriacs' estimation of negative outcomes: domain-specificity and responsiveness to reassuring and alarming information.

    abstract::Based on hypochondriacal patients' tendency to overestimate the seriousness of bodily sensations and health risks [Barsky, A. J., Wyshak, G. & Klerman, G. L. (1990). The Somatosensory Amplification Scale and its relationship to hypochondriasis. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 24, 323-334; Warwick, H. M. C., & Salkovs...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haenen MA,de Jong PJ,Schmidt AJ,Stevens S,Visser L

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive control of obsessional thoughts.

    abstract::A defining characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is unsuccessful suppression of unwanted thoughts. Recent evidence of individual differences in ability to control intrusive thoughts may inform our understanding of failures of cognitive control associated with OCD symptomatology. The current study inves...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grisham JR,Williams AD

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive behaviour therapy of acute stress disorder: a four-year follow-up.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to index the long-term benefits of early provision of cognitive behavior therapy to trauma survivors with acute stress disorder. Civilian trauma survivors (n = 80) with acute stress disorder were randomly allocated to either cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or supportive counseling (SC) - 69 ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bryant RA,Moulds ML,Nixon RV

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of emotion regulation strategies in response to craving cognitions: Effects on smoking behaviour, craving and affect in dependent smokers.

    abstract:AIM:The effects of three emotion regulation strategies that targeted smoking-related thoughts were compared on outcomes relevant to smoking cessation. METHOD:Daily smokers applied defusion (n = 25), reappraisal (n = 25) or suppression (n = 23) to thoughts associated with smoking during a cue-induced craving procedure....

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Beadman M,Das RK,Freeman TP,Scragg P,West R,Kamboj SK

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of retrospective memory and covariation estimation in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::Assessment methods relying on biased or inaccurate retrospective recall may distort knowledge about the nature of disorders and lead to faulty clinical inferences. Despite concerns about the accuracy of retrospective recall in general and in particular with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, the accuracy of...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gloster AT,Richard DC,Himle J,Koch E,Anson H,Lokers L,Thornton J

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived symptoms and discomfort during induced bronchospasm: the role of temporal adaptation and anxiety.

    abstract::Using a mixed within-between design, this study was designed to evaluate the sensorial and cognitive/evaluative aspects of bronchoconstriction induced by progressive methacholine inhalation. 25 asthmatic patients and 15 normal controls were given two consecutive bronchoconstriction tests, inducing a fall of > 30% of t...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nouwen A,Freeston MH,Cournoyer I,Deschesnes F,Boulet LP

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Acceptance and commitment therapy versus tinnitus retraining therapy in the treatment of tinnitus: a randomised controlled trial.

    abstract::The study compared the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) on tinnitus impact in a randomised controlled trial. Sixty-four normal hearing subjects with tinnitus were randomised to one of the active treatments or a wait-list control (WLC). The ACT treatment consiste...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Westin VZ,Schulin M,Hesser H,Karlsson M,Noe RZ,Olofsson U,Stalby M,Wisung G,Andersson G

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Training children to approach or avoid novel animals: effects on self-reported attitudes and fear beliefs and information-seeking behaviors.

    abstract::We examined the effects of training to approach or avoid novel animals on fear-related responses in children. Ninety-nine primary school children (9-12 years old) were instructed to repeatedly move a manikin toward or away from pictures of novel animals. The training produced more positive self-reported attitudes for ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huijding J,Muris P,Lester KJ,Field AP,Joosse G

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • One-session treatment for specific phobias.

    abstract::A rapid and effective treatment for specific phobias, in which the treatment is done in one single session, is described in detail. The treatment method consists of a combination of exposure in vivo and modeling. The short- and long-term outcome for a consecutive series of 20 patients are reported. Mean treatment time...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ost LG

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Internet-based guided self-help for university students with anxiety, depression and stress: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

    abstract::Anxiety, depression and stress, often co-occurring, are the psychological problems for which university students most often seek help. Moreover there are many distressed students who cannot, or choose not to, access professional help. The present study evaluated the efficacy of an internet-based guided self-help progr...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Day V,McGrath PJ,Wojtowicz M

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Magnitude of negative interpretation bias depends on severity of depression.

    abstract::The present study investigated the hypothesis that the magnitude of negative interpretation bias displayed by those with depression is related to the degree of depression they experience. Seventy one depressed participants (scoring 14 and above on the Beck Depression Inventory II) completed tasks spanning three domain...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee JS,Mathews A,Shergill S,Yiend J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • The role of early maladaptive schemas in predicting exposure and response prevention outcome for obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::This is the first study that explores whether early maladaptive schemas are related to treatment outcome for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The sample consisted of 88 outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD who completed exposure and response prevention treatment. The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Sc...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Haaland AT,Vogel PA,Launes G,Haaland VØ,Hansen B,Solem S,Himle JA

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating and testing autocorrelation with small samples: a comparison of the C-statistic to a modified estimator.

    abstract::Huitema and McKean (Psychological Bulletin, 110, 291-304, 1991) recently showed, in a Monte-Carlo study, that five conventional estimators of first-order autocorrelation perform poorly for small (< 50) sample sizes. They suggested a modified estimator and a test for autocorrelation. We examine an estimator not conside...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeCarlo LT,Tryon WW

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies of thought control in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract::Intrusive anxiety-provoking thoughts are a core feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent research suggests that individuals use five different techniques of thought control including: distraction, punishment, re-appraisal, social control, and worry. The purpose of the present study was to examine the str...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amir N,Cashman L,Foa EB

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of concurrent diazepam treatment on the outcome of exposure therapy in agoraphobia.

    abstract::In a study designed to evaluate the impact of benzodiazepine use on the outcome of behaviour therapy, 91, severe, chronic agoraphobics (46 BDZ users and 45 non-users) were randomly allocated on a double-blind basis to in vivo exposure with low-dose diazepam (ED) or placebo (EP). Drug doses were adjusted on the basis o...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wardle J,Hayward P,Higgitt A,Stabl M,Blizard R,Gray J

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Imaginal exposure exacerbation revisited: Deconstructing patient characteristics associated with worse reactions to the initiation of imaginal exposure in PTSD.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examines whether imaginal exposure leads to symptom exacerbation, systematically comparing individuals who received prolonged exposure (PE) to those who received pharmacotherapy. The study also examined whether common clinical features increase the likelihood of symptom exacerbation. METHOD:In 151...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walker RSW,Marks EH,Jaeger J,Duax JM,Feeny NC,Zoellner LA

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • The role of perfectionism in cognitive behaviour therapy outcomes for clinically anxious children.

    abstract::The main aim of this study was to determine whether pre-treatment levels of child perfectionism impacted on anxiety treatment outcomes for school-aged children. In addition, it was investigated whether child perfectionism decreased following treatment for anxiety. Participants were sixty-seven clinically anxious child...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mitchell JH,Newall C,Broeren S,Hudson JL

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Patients' in-session experiences and symptom change: Session-to-session effects on a within- and between-patient level.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Knowledge of patients' in-session experiences that lead to symptom change in psychotherapy is limited. This study aims to investigate the within- and between-patient relationships between three in-session processes in psychotherapy (coping skills, therapeutic relationship quality, and emotional involvement) a...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rubel JA,Rosenbaum D,Lutz W

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • A survey of psychologists' attitudes towards and utilization of exposure therapy for PTSD.

    abstract::Although research supports the efficacy of exposure therapy for PTSD, some evidence suggests that exposure is under-utilized in general clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to assess licensed psychologists' use of imaginal exposure for PTSD and to investigate perceived barriers to its implementation. A tot...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Becker CB,Zayfert C,Anderson E

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Patient adherence and treatment outcome with exposure and response prevention for OCD: Which components of adherence matter and who becomes well?

    abstract::Exposure and response prevention (EX/RP) is an evidence-based treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet not all patients achieve wellness with EX/RP. The degree to which patients adhere to EX/RP procedures outside of sessions has been found to predict therapy outcomes, including who achieves post-treatmen...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wheaton MG,Galfalvy H,Steinman SA,Wall MM,Foa EB,Simpson HB

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • New parenthood as a risk factor for the development of obsessional problems.

    abstract::Research on emotional disturbance during pregnancy and the postpartum period has focused primarily on mood disorders and psychosis, yet preliminary evidence suggests that early parenthood is also associated with an increased risk for the development and exacerbation of obsessional problems. In this article we describe...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fairbrother N,Abramowitz JS

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled trial targeting alcohol use and sexual assault risk among college women at high risk for victimization.

    abstract::Sexual assault risk reduction programs do not target alcohol use despite the widespread knowledge that alcohol use is a risk factor for being victimized. The current study assessed the effectiveness of a web-based combined sexual assault risk and alcohol use reduction program using a randomized control trial. A total ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gilmore AK,Lewis MA,George WH

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dysfunctional beliefs discriminate personality disorders.

    abstract::This study examines whether specific sets of dysfunctional beliefs are differentially associated with five personality disorders (PDs) as predicted by cognitive theory. Seven hundred fifty-six psychiatric outpatients completed the Personality Belief Questionnaire (PBQ) at intake and were assessed for PDs using a stand...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beck AT,Butler AC,Brown GK,Dahlsgaard KK,Newman CF,Beck JS

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity, conscious awareness and selective attentional biases in children.

    abstract::The current study investigated whether physical anxiety sensitivity (AS) is associated with selective attentional biases to affective stimuli in children. The dot-probe paradigm was used to examine the deployment of attention towards words pertaining to anxiety symptomatology, socially threatening words, and positive ...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hunt C,Keogh E,French CC

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Explicit and implicit attitudes towards food and physical activity in childhood obesity.

    abstract::This study investigated differences in the explicit and implicit attitudes towards food and physical activities between children with obesity (n=38) and a matched control group (n=38). The implicit attitude was assessed using the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST; J. Exp. Psychol. (50) (2003) 77), a modified versio...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Craeynest M,Crombez G,De Houwer J,Deforche B,Tanghe A,De Bourdeaudhuij I

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Mood and sexual arousal in women.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a positive 'mood for sex' on genital and subjective sexual arousal in functional women, using a musical mood induction procedure. Fifty-one female Ss were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: erotic film preceded by mood induction; erotic fantasy pre...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Laan E,Everaerd W,van Berlo R,Rijs L

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of writing as a self-help intervention for traumatic injury patients at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::The study investigated the effects of writing and self-help information on severity of psychological symptoms in traumatic injury patients at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients attending Accident and Emergency (A & E), were screened for Acute Stress Disorder and randomised to an inform...

    journal_title:Behaviour research and therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bugg A,Turpin G,Mason S,Scholes C

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00