Small-group discussion versus lecture format for third-year students in obstetrics and gynecology.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To compare lecture and small-group discussion for third-year medical students in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS:Over a 2-year period, 91 third-year medical students in the obstetrics and gynecology clerkships were given educational sessions on diabetes and hypertension in pregnancy by a single instructor, either in a traditional lecture format or in a small-group discussion. After the instructional sessions, students anonymously completed a 20-question multiple-choice examination on the covered topics. They also completed an evaluation form on the instructional format, using a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). At the completion of each clerkship, students repeated the same multiple-choice examination. RESULTS:There was a significantly higher level of enjoyment (median value 5 versus 4, P <.001) and sense of educational stimulation (median value 5 versus 4, P <.001) in the discussion group, and students in the discussion group were less desirous of the alternate instructional format than those in the lecture group (median value 2 versus 3, P <.001). However, there were no differences in the test scores, either immediately after the instructional sessions or at the end of the clerkships. There was a 90% power to detect a 15% difference in postinstructional test scores. CONCLUSION:Third-year medical students learning about hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy during their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship strongly preferred small-group discussions over traditional lectures. However, this preference did not lead to improved test scores on these subjects.

journal_name

Obstet Gynecol

authors

Fischer RL,Jacobs SL,Herbert WN

doi

10.1097/01.AOG.0000133485.02727.ba

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-08-01 00:00:00

pages

349-53

issue

2

eissn

0029-7844

issn

1873-233X

pii

104/2/349

journal_volume

104

pub_type

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