Pneumotropic revertants derived from a pantropic mutant, F1-R, of Sendai virus.


:Revertants were isolated from the protease activation mutant of Sendai virus, F1-R, which causes a systemic infection in mice. The fusion (F) glycoprotein of F1-R is susceptible to activation cleavage by ubiquitous cellular proteases and is thus responsible for pantropism in mice (Tashiro et al., 1988. Virology 165, 577-583). The revertants regained several phenotypes of wild-type virus; they required exogenous trypsin for activation of the F protein in cell cultures and in nonpulmonary mouse tissues and they were exclusively pneumotropic in mice. On the other hand, phenotypes of F1-R that remained unchanged by the revertants were bipolar budding in polarized epithelial cells, enhanced electrophoretic migration of the matrix protein, and the lack of a glycosylation site in the F2 subunit of the F protein. Comparative RNA sequence analysis of the F gene of the revertants revealed that the reduced cleavability of the F protein of the revertants was the result of the predicted single amino acid reversion (Pro to Ser) at residue 115 adjacent to the cleavage site. Thus the sequence at the cleavage site of the revertants was Ser-Lys compared with Pro-Lys for F1-R and Ser-Arg for wild-type virus. The results indicate that enhanced cleavability of the glycoprotein, a feature often associated with multiple basic residues within the cleavage site of paramyxovirus F proteins and influenza virus hemagglutinins, can also be determined by a single basic amino acid following proline. Additionally, the revertants were less susceptible to the activator for wild-type virus present in mouse lungs and less pathogenic for this organ than wild-type virus. These results provide further evidence that proteolytic activation of the F protein by host proteases is the primary determinant for organ tropism and pathogenicity of Sendai virus in mice. One of the revertants was also temperature sensitive (ts); the ts lesion in the nucleoprotein gene was identical to that found in ts-f1, the ts host range mutant from which F1-R was derived.






Tashiro M,James I,Karri S,Wahn K,Tobita K,Klenk HD,Rott R,Seto JT




Has Abstract


1991-09-01 00:00:00














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