Recent advances in the biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls.


:Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are typical lasting organic pollutants. Persistence and recalcitrance to biodegradation of PCBs have hampered the transformation of PCB congeners from the environment. Biological transformation of polychlorinated biphenyls could take place through anaerobic dechlorination, aerobic microbial degradation, and a combination of transformation of anaerobic dechlorination and aerobic degradation. Under anaerobic conditions, microbial dechlorination is an important degradation mode for PCBs, especially high-chlorinated congeners. The low-chlorinated compounds formed after reductive dechlorination could be further aerobically degraded and completely mineralized. This paper reviews the recent advances in biological degradation of PCBs, introduces the functional bacteria and enzymes involved in the anaerobic and aerobic degradation of PCBs, and discusses the synergistic action of anaerobic reduction and aerobic degradation. In addition, the different ways to the microbial remediation of PCBs-contaminated environments are discussed. This review provides a theoretical foundation and practical basis to use PCBs-degrading microorganisms for bioremediation.


Xiang Y,Xing Z,Liu J,Qin W,Huang X




Has Abstract


2020-08-30 00:00:00














  • Isolation and algicidal characterization of Bowmanella denitrificans S088 against Chlorella vulgaris.

    abstract::One strain of algicidal bacterium, named as S088, was isolated from the intestine of healthy sea cucumbers (Stichopus horrens) in the South China Sea. Based on the analysis of its biochemical characteristics and 16S rDNA gene sequence, S088 was identified as Bowmanella denitrificans. Importantly, the algicidal activit...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang X,Ren C,Hu C,Zhao Z

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Valinomycin, produced by Streptomyces sp. S8, a key antifungal metabolite in large patch disease suppressiveness.

    abstract::Large patch disease, caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2, is the most devastating disease in Zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica). Current large patch disease control strategies rely primarily upon the use of chemical pesticides. Streptomyces sp. S8 is known to possess exceptional antagonistic properties that could potentiall...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jeon CW,Kim DR,Kwak YS

    更新日期:2019-08-02 00:00:00

  • The establishment and maintenance of a small culture collection in Egypt with a computerized database.

    abstract::A major constraint for expanding biotechnology in developing countries is the tack of appropriate microbial strains and microbial genetic resources. The recently established Microbial Strain Data Network (MSDN) offers the opportunity of, at least partially, llfting these constraints, since even a small institutional c...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Megahed SA,Moneib NA

    更新日期:1990-06-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation and characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutants deficient in the utilization of the terpenoid citronellic acid.

    abstract::Eighteen non-sibling mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO were isolated that were deficient in the utilization of the β-methyl branched acid citronellic acid but not in the utilization of the unbranched n-octanoic acid (Cau mutants). These mutants are also deficient in the utilization of citronellol and citronellal. ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hector ML,Murphy-Waldorf MF,Giertych TB,Hickey MJ,Haggard AA

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

  • Polysaccharide production by Aureobasidium pullulans: factors affecting polysaccharide formation.

    abstract::Aureobasidium pullulans NRRL 6220 synthesized polysaccharide most actively in media containing sucrose, fructose or maltose with (NH4)2SO4 (0.6 g/l) or ammonium acetate giving greatest yields of the polysaccharide. With (NH4)2SO4 at ≥1.2 g/l, production of polysaccharide was decreased considerably. Polysaccharide prod...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Badr-Eldin SM,El-Tayeb OM,El-Masry HG,Mohamad FH,El-Rahman OA

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Upward movement of Verticillium dahliae from soil to olive plants detected by qPCR.

    abstract::Olive trees play an important role in cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, constituting in large part the Mediterranean landscape. In Tuscany, an important economic activity is based on olive. Unfortunately, the Verticillium wilt affects this species and causes vascular disease. In the present study,...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ceccherini MT,Luchi N,Pantani OL,Ascher J,Capretti P,Pietramellara G

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Biocontrol of Fusarium wilt disease in tomato by Paenibacillus ehimensis KWN38.

    abstract::This study was conducted to investigate biocontrol potential of Paenibacillus ehimensis KWN38 against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici causing Fusarium wilt disease in tomato. Our result showed that P. ehimensis KWN38 produced extracellular organic compounds and crude enzyme to inhibit F. oxysporum f.sp. lycopersi...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naing KW,Nguyen XH,Anees M,Lee YS,Kim YC,Kim SJ,Kim MH,Kim YH,Kim KY

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • A simple method for isolation of high-molecular-weight DNA from Rhodotorula gracilis.

    abstract::Unsheared DNA has been isolated from Rhodotorula and Rhodosporidium yeasts using a cell-wall-digesting enzyme preparation from Paecilomyces lilacinus. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis indicated that at least 11 chromosomes were present in Rhodot. gracilis ATCC 90950. The DNA was amenable to digestion with restriction ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vishnuvardhan D,Joseph R

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Removal of silver nanoparticles using live and heat shock Aspergillus niger cultures.

    abstract::Silver nanoparticles (SNPs) are extensively used in many industrial and medical applications; however, the impact of their release in the environment is still considered an understudied field. In the present work, SNPs present in aqueous lab waste water (average size of 30 nm) were used to determine their impact on mi...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomaa OM

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Chromate reduction by a chromate-resistant bacterium, Microbacterium sp.

    abstract::Heavy-metal chromium [Cr(VI)] is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant. Comparing with chemical reduction, microbiological reduction is considered to be a friendly and cheaper way to decrease the damage caused by chromate. A bacterial strain, CR-07, which is resistant to and capable of reducing chromate was isolated fr...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu Z,Wu Y,Lei C,Liu P,Gao M

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro fermentation of prebiotics by Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194: selectivity, viability and effect of metabolites on β-glucuronidase activity.

    abstract::Prebiotic Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) escape metabolism in upper GI tract undergo microbial metabolism in colon and thereby influence the nature, type and number of intestinal microbiota to improve host's health. The present study focuses on the ability of Lactobacillus plantarum CFR 2194 to utilize FOS as a selectiv...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arenahalli Ningegowda M,Siddalingaiya Gurudutt P

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Diversity and antimicrobial activity of culturable fungi from fishscale bamboo (Phyllostachys heteroclada) in China.

    abstract::An important and useful bamboo species, fishscale bamboo (Phyllostachys heteroclada Oliver), is broadly distributed in Southeast China and has multiple purposes, including uses in cuisine, weaving, Chinese medicine and ecological protection. However, no previous studies have focused on the endophytes of this plant. In...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou YK,Shen XY,Hou CL

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Extracellular enzyme activities during cassava fermentation for 'fufu' production.

    abstract::Amylase and pectin methyl esterase activities increased rapidly during the early period of the fermentation of cassava for 'fufu' production, attaining their peak activities after 12 and 24h, respectively. Cellulase activity was lower and approximately constant for most of the fermentation period. ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oyewole OB,Odunfa SA

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pseudomonas sp. UW4 acdS gene promotes primordium initiation and fruiting body development of Agaricus bisporus.

    abstract::To simplify industrial mushroom cultivation, we introduced a bacterial Pseudomonas sp. UW4 acdS gene, encoding 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase (AcdS), into fungus Agaricus bisporus. Transformant A. bisporus-acdS14 cased with sterilized-vermiculite generated primordia 5 days sooner than wild-type ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang C,Zhang G,Wen Y,Li T,Gao Y,Meng F,Qiu L,Ai Y

    更新日期:2019-10-21 00:00:00

  • Gene cloning, expression and characterisation of a new β-agarase, AgWH50C, producing neoagarobiose from Agarivorans gilvus WH0801.

    abstract::agWH50C, a novel β-agarase gene, was cloned from Agarivorans gilvus WH0801 by degenerate PCR and nested PCR. The gene agWH50C comprized a 2,223-bp, encoding a protein of 740 amino acids. Sequencing results demonstrated that AgWH50C shared 45 % sequence identity with a well characterized β-agarase, Aga50D, from Sacchar...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu N,Mao X,Yang M,Mu B,Wei D

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Microbiological and environmental issues in show caves.

    abstract::Cultural tourism expanded in the last half of the twentieth century, and the interest of visitors has come to include caves containing archaeological remains. Some show caves attracted mass tourism, and economical interests prevailed over conservation, which led to a deterioration of the subterranean environment and t...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Saiz-Jimenez C

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Purification and biochemical characterization of a superoxide dismutase from the soluble fraction of the cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis.

    abstract::A superoxide dismutase (SOD) was purified from Spirulina platensis sonicate. The SOD was purified to homogeneity (48-fold and 0.24% yield) through ammonium sulphate precipitation and DEAE-52 anion exchange chromatography. The SOD from S. platensis appeared to be a homodimer with a molecular weight of 30 kDa and a subu...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Desai K,Sivakami S

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of a symbiotic, heterocystous, N2-fixing cyanobacterium fromCycas coralloid roots.

    abstract::A symbiotic, heterocystous, N2-fixing blue-green alga, isolated from the coralloid roots of a xerophytic plant,Cycas revoluta, grew best in liquid medium supplemented with 4 mM NO 3 (-) . Morphologically, the isolated alga was identical to that of the natural endophyte but the cell size had decreased markedly. The alg...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma A,Mishra DP,Kumar A

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • On-going applications of Shewanella species in microbial electrochemical system for bioenergy, bioremediation and biosensing.

    abstract::Microbial electrochemical system (MES) has attracted ever-growing interest as a promising platform for renewable energy conversion and bioelectrochemical remediation. Shewanella species, the dissimilatory metal reduction model bacteria with versatile extracellular electron transfer (EET) strategies, are the well-recei...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Zou L,Huang YH,Long ZE,Qiao Y

    更新日期:2018-12-19 00:00:00

  • Fomitopsis betulina (formerly Piptoporus betulinus): the Iceman's polypore fungus with modern biotechnological potential.

    abstract::Higher Basidiomycota have been used in natural medicine throughout the world for centuries. One of such fungi is Fomitopsis betulina (formerly Piptoporus betulinus), which causes brown rot of birch wood. Annual white to brownish fruiting bodies of the species can be found on trees in the northern hemisphere but F. bet...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pleszczyńska M,Lemieszek MK,Siwulski M,Wiater A,Rzeski W,Szczodrak J

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Phenazine carboxylic acid production and rhizome protective effect of endophytic Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from Zingiber officinale.

    abstract::Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is cultivated commercially in most parts of the world especially in India for its culinary and medicinal applications. One of the major challenges that limit the yield of ginger is rhizome rot disease caused by organisms including Pythium myriotylum. A feasible ecofriendly method is yet to...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jasim B,Anisha C,Rohini S,Kurian JM,Jyothis M,Radhakrishnan EK

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Selection and characterization of Argentine isolates of Trichoderma harzianum for effective biocontrol of Septoria leaf blotch of wheat.

    abstract::Species of the genus Trichoderma are economically important as biocontrol agents, serving as a potential alternative to chemical control. The applicability of Trichoderma isolates to different ecozones will depend on the behavior of the strains selected from each zone. The present study was undertaken to isolate bioco...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stocco MC,Mónaco CI,Abramoff C,Lampugnani G,Salerno G,Kripelz N,Cordo CA,Consolo VF

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Optimization of protease production by endophytic fungus, Alternaria alternata, isolated from an Australian native plant.

    abstract::Endophytes are recognised as potential sources of novel secondary metabolites, including enzymes and drugs, with applications in medicine, agriculture and industry. There is a growing need for new enzymes, including proteases, for use in industry that can function under a variety of conditions. In this study, three fu...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaferanloo B,Quang TD,Daumoo S,Ghorbani MM,Mahon PJ,Palombo EA

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Somatic embryogenesis for agricultural improvement.

    abstract::Many important food and fibre crops have attained close to their maximum yields as a result of conventional breeding approaches and advances in agronomic and horticultural practices. The manipulation of cell and tissue cultures to produce somatic embryos efficiently is one of the keystones of the new technologies that...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Litz RE,Gray DJ

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative review towards potential of microbial cells for heavy metal removal with emphasis on biosorption and bioaccumulation.

    abstract::The threat of heavy metal pollution to environmental health is getting worldwide attention due to their persistence and non-biodegradable nature. Ineffectiveness of various physicochemical methods due to economical and technical constraints resulted in the search for a cost-effective and eco-friendly biological techni...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hansda A,Kumar V,Anshumali

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Protein nutritional value, polyphenols and antioxidant properties of corn fermented with Agaricus brasiliensis and Agaricus bisporus.

    abstract::Solid-state fermentation (SSF) with Agaricus brasiliensis and Agaricus bisporus on corn was carried out. The results showed that SSF with the two fungi made up the deficiency of tryptophan in corn and improved the protein nutritional value of corn. The conjugated polyphenols contents in fermented corn decreased and fr...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhai FH,Liu HY,Han JR

    更新日期:2018-02-15 00:00:00

  • Rapid identification of Clostridium botulinum colonies by in vitro toxicity and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

    abstract::Identification of Clostridium botulinum is usually based on toxin detection of broth culture by mouse bioassay and requires 7 to 10 days to complete. Here, we describe an alternative in vitro procedure for direct identification of C. botulinum (types A and B) colonies which can be completed in 48 h. The method is base...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dezfulian M,Bartlett JG

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Achromobacter sp.: nitrifying aerobic denitrifiers have a plasmid encoding for denitrifying functional genes.

    abstract::In the present work, novel heterotrophic nitrifying and aerobic denitrifying bacteria have been isolated from greenwater system of coastal aquaculture. Based on the 16S rRNA gene, FAME analysis and biochemical test, the isolates have been identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Achromobacter sp. These have been named...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kathiravan V,Krishnani KK

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anti-microbial susceptibility of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica under different cultural conditions.

    abstract::Generally, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Y. enterocolitica grown at 37°C had increased susceptibility to antibiotics than when grown at 25°C. The susceptibility to kanamycin, cephalothin, tetracycline and chloramphenicol of Yersinia was also influenced by the growth medium and gas composition. ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Markova N,Radoucheva T,Ilieva L,Veljanov D

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli in clinical and environmental water sources in South Africa using single-step 11-gene m-PCR.

    abstract::Escherichia coli (E. coli) consists of commensal (ComEC) and diarrhoeagenic (DEC) groups. ComEC are detected using traditional culture methods. Conformational steps are performed after culturing if it is required to test for the presence of DEC, increasing cost and time in obtaining the results. The aim of this study ...

    journal_title:World journal of microbiology & biotechnology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Omar KB,Barnard TG

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00