Characterization of the Race Structure of Leptosphaeria maculans Causing Blackleg of Winter Canola in Oklahoma and Kansas.


:Blackleg, caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans, is a widespread disease of winter canola (Brassica napus) in Oklahoma and Kansas. Deployment of genetic resistance is the primary strategy for managing blackleg. Resistance genes (Rlm) in canola interact with avirulence genes in the fungus (AvrLm) in a gene-for-gene manner. Little is known about the diversity and frequency of avirulence genes and the race structure in the region. Isolates of Leptosphaeria spp. were collected from diseased leaves in nine counties in Oklahoma and one county in Kansas from 2009 to 2013. Based on pathogenicity and PCR amplification of mating type and species-specific internal transcribed spacer loci, most isolates (n = 90) were L. maculans. The presence of avirulence genes was evaluated using phenotypic interactions on cotyledons of differential cultivars with Rlm1, Rlm2, Rlm3, and Rlm4 and amplification of AvrLm1, AvrLm4-7, and AvrLm6 by PCR. The avirulence alleles AvrLm6 and AvrLm7 were present in the entire L. maculans population. AvrLm1 was found in 34% of the population, AvrLm2 in 4%, and AvrLm4 in only 1%. A total of five races, defined as combinations of avirulence alleles, were identified that included AvrLm1-2-6-7, AvrLm2-6-7, AvrLm4-6-7, AvrLm1-6-7, and AvrLm6-7. Races virulent on the most Rlm genes, AvrLm1-6-7 at 32% and AvrLm6-7 at 62%, were predominant. Defining the avirulence allele frequency and race structure of L. maculans should be useful for the identification and development of resistant cultivars and hybrids for blackleg management in the region. The results suggest that Rlm6 and Rlm7 would be effective, although their deployment should be integrated with quantitative resistance and cultural practices, such as crop rotation, that limit selection pressure on Rlm genes.


Plant Dis


Plant disease


Diaz C,Cevallos F,Damicone J




Has Abstract


2019-09-01 00:00:00












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