Comparative effectiveness of different contemporary drug-eluting stents in routine clinical practice: a multigroup propensity score analysis using data from the stent-specific, multicenter, prospective registries.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Data on the comparative effectiveness of contemporary drug-eluting stents (DES) in the unrestricted, real-world setting are limited. We investigated the long-term effectiveness and safety of contemporary different drug-eluting stents by means of multiple treatment propensity score weighting. PATIENTS AND METHODS:From seven stent-specific, prospective DES registries conducted between July 2007 and July 2015, we evaluated 17 196 patients who received several contemporary DES and first-generation DES: 3053 treated with cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES), 2985 with platinum-chromium EES (PtCr-EES), 2922 with Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stents (Re-ZES), 789 with Biomatrix biolimus-eluting stents (Bi-BES), 1907 with Nobori biolimus-eluting stents (No-BES), 1970 with Xience Prime cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (Pr-CoCr-EES), and 3570 with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). The primary outcome was target-vessel failure (a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, or target-vessel revascularization) at 3 years of follow-up and major cardiovascular adverse events (a composite of all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularization) was also evaluated. RESULTS:The observed 3-year rates of target-vessel failure were not significantly different among different second-generation DES and SES (CoCr-EES 9.8%, PtCr-EES 9.5%, Re-ZES 9.3%, Bi-BES 9.8%, No-BES 7.7%, Pr-CoCr-EES 10.4%, SES 10.2%; overall P=0.07). In multiple treatment propensity score analysis, adjusted hazard ratios for target-vessel failure were similar in between-group comparisons of several contemporary DES. In addition, no significant differences were observed with respect of the adjusted risk of major adverse cardiac events. CONCLUSION:In this comparative effectiveness research using stent-specific, clinical practice registries involving unrestricted use of several contemporary DES, there were no significant between-group differences in the 3-year rates of target-vessel failure.

journal_name

Coron Artery Dis

journal_title

Coronary artery disease

authors

Kwon O,Kang SH,Lee JB,Ahn JM,Lee CH,Kang DY,Lee PH,Kang SJ,Lee SW,Kim YH,Lee CW,Park SW,Park DW,Park SJ,IRIS-DES Registry Investigators.

doi

10.1097/MCA.0000000000000730

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-06-01 00:00:00

pages

255-262

issue

4

eissn

0954-6928

issn

1473-5830

journal_volume

30

pub_type

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