Should parents share medical information with their young children? A prospective study.


BACKGROUND:As psychiatric consultants to pediatric wards, we are often asked whether to disclose to young children full information about the invasive medical procedures they face. To date, no studies have been published offering an evidence-based answer to this question. This prospective study examined whether sharing medical information with young children regarding invasive interventions correlates with the development of chronic post-traumatic stress three to five months after hospitalization. METHOD:The participants in this prospective study were parents of 151 children aged 3-13 who were hospitalized in a pediatric surgery ward. The sample was representative of the population hospitalized in this ward during that year. Independent of the study, parents of 104 children chose to share with them information regarding the procedure they were about to undergo, while parents of 47 children chose not to do so. t-Tests were used to assess the correlation between the children's exposure to medical information and their level of long-term post-intervention stress. RESULTS:Findings show an inverse correlation between the children's exposure to medical information and their level of post-traumatic stress several months after their medical episode. The correlation is significant in both preschool children and school-aged children. CONCLUSIONS:We suggest the implementation of psychoeducation programs among both medical staff and parents in order to increase awareness of the importance of sharing medical information with young children facing medical challenges.


Compr Psychiatry


Comprehensive psychiatry


Ben Ari A,Margalit D,Roth Y,Udassin R,Benarroch F




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












  • Psychopathology and resident status - comparing asylum seekers, refugees, illegal migrants, labor migrants, and residents.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This study aimed to describe, compare, and predict mental health outcomes of different migrant groups and native residents in Switzerland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Asylum seekers (n=65); refugees holding permanent protection visas (n=34); illegal migrants (n=21); labor migrants (n=26); and residents (n=56) complet...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heeren M,Wittmann L,Ehlert U,Schnyder U,Maier T,Müller J

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Well-being in patients with schizophrenia, mood and personality disorders attending psychiatric services in the community. A controlled study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Poor attention is paid by recent research to the prevalence of mental well-being in psychiatric patients and the comparison between groups with different diagnoses. Data suggest that the presence of mental illness does not necessarily mean the absence of well-being, particularly in stable outpatients. METHO...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanga V,Turrina C,Valsecchi P,Sacchetti E,Vita A

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • The development, use, and reliability of the brief psychiatric rating scale (nursing modification)--an assessment procedure for the nursing team in clinical and research settings.

    abstract::The role of nursing staff in the systematic rating of psychopathology has been explored in a small number of studies in recent years. Nurses are uniquely placed to carry out relatively continuous observations of high validity which are sensitive to change, yet on the basis of the limited data available, some doubts re...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McGorry PD,Goodwin RJ,Stuart GW

    更新日期:1988-11-01 00:00:00

  • Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in a population of DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and control subjects.

    abstract::Phenomenological, biological, genetic, treatment-response, and outcome data support a link between schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) and schizophrenia. Furthermore, SPD and normal schizotypy also seem connected, although the relationship can at times be ambiguous. In this regard, this study was conducted to test ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daneluzzo E,Bustini M,Stratta P,Casacchia M,Rossi A

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of clinical course of illness variables to medical comorbidities in 900 adult outpatients with bipolar disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Medical illnesses are highly comorbid with bipolar disorder, but their relationship to illness characteristics has not been previously delineated. METHODS:The incidence of 34 medical conditions and 6 poor prognosis factors (PPFs) was derived from answers to a questionnaire in over 900 outpatients with bipol...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Post RM,Altshuler L,Leverich GS,Frye MA,Suppes T,McElroy SL,Keck PE Jr,Nolen WA,Kupka RW,Grunze H,Rowe M

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Treating kleptomania: cross-cultural adaptation of the Kleptomania Symptom Assessment Scale and assessment of an outpatient program.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Kleptomania is characterized by repetitive stealing and has severe consequences for patients. Stigma, a lack of standardized therapy and a limited number of assessment tools hinder advances in treatment. This study provides preliminary data on the Portuguese-language version of the Kleptomania Symptom Assess...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christianini AR,Conti MA,Hearst N,Cordás TA,de Abreu CN,Tavares H

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Induced psychotic disorder: clinical aspects, theoretical considerations, and some guidelines for treatment.

    abstract::We describe our experience with a case of folie à famille with role reversal, including the long-term course. In addition, the case reports published since 1974 were reviewed and an overview is given of the psychoanalytic and system theory concepts on the pathogenesis of induced psychotic disorder. The inductor often ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mentjox R,van Houten CA,Kooiman CG

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Identity disturbances and self-other differentiation in schizophrenics, borderlines, and normal controls.

    abstract::The present study investigates identity disorders in schizophrenics and borderlines. Nineteen schizophrenics and 17 borderlines were compared with 18 normal controls. The technique used was an adapted version of the repertory grid test to describe the self and nine significant others (i.e., family members). Three indi...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Bonis M,De Boeck P,Lida-Pulik H,Féline A

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Does food addiction contribute to excess weight among clinic patients seeking weight reduction? Examination of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite controversy surrounding the construct of food addiction, its relationship with obesity and the validity of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), have become emerging fields of study. No prior research has examined the prevalence and correlates of food addiction, and validation of the Modified Yale Fo...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masheb RM,Ruser CB,Min KM,Bullock AJ,Dorflinger LM

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of covariation of DSM-IV personality disorders in a mixed psychiatric sample.

    abstract::The covariation patterns of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) were studied in 431 consecutively admitted psychiatric patients. The co-occurrence rate was greater than 50% for all DSM-IV PDs. Both bivariate association tests and loglinear models showed distinct significant covariation patterns among PDs which were sta...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fossati A,Maffei C,Bagnato M,Battaglia M,Donati D,Donini M,Fiorilli M,Novella L,Prolo F

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comorbid personality disorders in subjects with panic disorder: do personality disorders increase clinical severity?

    abstract::Personality disorders are common in subjects with panic disorder. Personality disorders have been shown to affect the course of panic disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine which personality disorders affect clinical severity in subjects with panic disorder. This study included 122 adults (71 women, 41 men...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozkan M,Altindag A

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with adherence to treatment with olanzapine and other atypical antipsychotic medications in patients with schizophrenia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Poor treatment response is an important factor contributing to lack of treatment adherence. The goals of this research were to determine whether improvements in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) symptom domains predict the likelihood of staying on treatment and whether differential responses to tr...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu-Seifert H,Osuntokun OO,Feldman PD

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical features of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder and hoarding symptoms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study was conducted to examine whether pediatric patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and hoarding symptoms differed in terms of clinical characteristics from pediatric OCD patients without hoarding symptoms. METHOD:Eighty children and adolescents with OCD (range, 7-17 years) completed clin...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Storch EA,Lack CW,Merlo LJ,Geffken GR,Jacob ML,Murphy TK,Goodman WK

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of ADHD symptoms on clinical and cognitive aspects of problem gambling.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Problem gambling is common across cultures, and has been conceptualized in terms of impulsivity. While elevated rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been observed in problem gamblers, the relationship between these two conditions, and other dissociable forms of impulsivity, has recei...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chamberlain SR,Derbyshire K,Leppink E,Grant JE

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of Internet addiction with cognitive style, personality, and depression in university students.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship of dysfunctional attitudes, self-esteem, personality, and depression with Internet addiction in university students. METHODS:A total of 720 university students participated in the study in Bülent Ecevit University English Preparatory School which offe...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Senormancı O,Saraçlı O,Atasoy N,Senormancı G,Koktürk F,Atik L

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Body image in patients with mental disorders: Characteristics, associations with diagnosis and treatment outcome.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Despite the increasing recognition in clinical practice of body image problems in other than appearance related mental disorders, the question remains how aspects of body image are affected in different disorders. The aim of this study was to measure body image in patients with a variety of mental disorders a...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scheffers M,van Busschbach JT,Bosscher RJ,Aerts LC,Wiersma D,Schoevers RA

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Social anxiety and functional impairment in patients seeking surgical evaluation for hyperhidrosis.

    abstract::Primary hyperhidrosis is characterized by excessive sweating and often accompanied by social avoidance. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by fear and avoidance of social situations, often partly related to fears of showing signs of excessive autonomic nervous system activation, such as sweating. To clarif...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Schneier FR,Heimberg RG,Liebowitz MR,Blanco C,Gorenstein LA

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Preoccupation and distress are relevant dimensions in delusional beliefs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:A large number of subjective experiences and beliefs with some degree of affinity with psychotic symptoms can be found in the general population. However, the appraisal of these psychotic-like experiences in terms of associated distress, raised preoccupation, and the conviction with which the exp...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sisti D,Rocchi MB,Siddi S,Mura T,Manca S,Preti A,Petretto DR

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Axis I phenomenology of borderline personality disorder.

    abstract::The Axis I phenomenology of 50 outpatients meeting both Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB) and DSM-III criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), 29 outpatients meeting DSM-III criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD), and 26 outpatients meeting DSM-III criteria for Dsythymic Disorder as wel...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zanarini MC,Gunderson JG,Frankenburg FR

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in pathological gamblers seeking medication treatment.

    abstract::Gender differences in pathological gambling disorder (PGD) have received little investigation. This study was constructed to detail the demographic and phenomenological differences in men and women with PGD. We assessed gender differences in 131 subjects with PGD who were evaluated in terms of demographic characterist...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grant JE,Kim SW

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective experience and subjective response to neuroleptics in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Although several studies have addressed the issue of the relationship between the subjective response to neuroleptics and drug compliance, very little attention has been given to the study of the subjective experience of psychosis and drug attitudes. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the relationsh...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rossi A,Arduini L,Stratta P,Pallanti S

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of obesity on the psychometric properties of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria for major depressive disorder.

    abstract::Obesity is associated with several symptoms that are components of the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD). Compared with nonobese individuals, obese individuals report more fatigue, sleep disturbance, and overeating. Obesity might, therefore, impact the psychometric properties of the MDD criteria....

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zimmerman M,Hrabosky JI,Francione C,Young D,Chelminski I,Dalrymple K,Galione JN

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Anorexia nervosa associated with Klinefelter's syndrome.

    abstract::A second case of anorexia nervosa associated with Klinefelter's syndrome is described. Gender identity problems were thought to have been significant in this adolescent. ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: el-Badri SM,Lewis MA

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of childhood trauma on cognitive functions in a sample of Chinese patients with schizophrenia.

    abstract::In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of various types of childhood trauma (CT) on cognitive functions in Chinese patients presented with schizophrenia. One hundred sixty-two patients were assessed with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neu...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li XB,Bo QJ,Zhang GP,Zheng W,Wang ZM,Li AN,Tian Q,Liu JT,Tang YL,Wang CY

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Coercion and informed consent in research involving prisoners.

    abstract::Prison-based research has been limited due to concern that prisoners may represent a vulnerable population secondary to possible coercion and limited capacity for voluntary informed consent. This study was designed to assess decisional capacity and susceptibility to coercion in prison research subjects. Subjects were ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Moser DJ,Arndt S,Kanz JE,Benjamin ML,Bayless JD,Reese RL,Paulsen JS,Flaum MA

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociative symptoms are related to endorsement of vague trauma items.

    abstract::In current psychiatric literature, the received view is that dissociative symptoms originate from aversive childhood events. To a large extent, this view is based on cross-sectional studies that do not rule out a scenario in which dissociative tendencies contribute to self-reports of childhood trauma. In two studies, ...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merckelbach H,Jelicic M

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of life across the schizotypy spectrum: findings from a large nonclinical adult sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:It is well documented that patients with schizophrenia have impoverished quality of life (QOL). Efforts to determine the underpinnings of this impoverishment have implicated negative symptoms more than positive or disorganized symptoms. However, only a minority of individuals with the liability to schizophren...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen AS,Davis TE 3rd

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Personality traits and psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Personality in patients with psychosis, and particularly its relation to psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis (ROP) patients, is understudied. The aims of this research were to study the relation between dimensional and categorical clinical personality traits and symptoms, as well as the effects th...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones J,Cano-Domínguez P,de-Luis-Matilla A,Peñuelas-Calvo I,Espina-Eizaguirre A,Moreno-Kustner B,Ochoa S

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Temperament and characteristics related to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibits symptoms, such as attention deficit and impulsivity, that make it difficult for patients to manage social activities. In this study, we investigated the association of adult ADHD symptoms with temperament and character dimensions, taking into acco...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park H,Suh BS,Lee HK,Lee K

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Premorbid personality in chronic fatigue syndrome as determined by the Temperament and Character Inventory.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), we examined personality characteristics in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) compared with healthy control subjects, and CFS patients with and without psychiatric diseases. There have been no previous reports assessing personality in CFS patient...

    journal_title:Comprehensive psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fukuda S,Kuratsune H,Tajima S,Takashima S,Yamagutchi K,Nishizawa Y,Watanabe Y

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00