Reference values for the Balance Error Scoring System as measured by the Tekscan MobileMat™ in a physically active population.


OBJECTIVES:The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is commonly used to measure postural stability; however, it has demonstrated inconsistent reliability values when administered by humans. The Tekscan MobileMat™ was developed to automate the assessment of BESS errors and eliminate rater subjectivity. The objective of this study was to report reference values for the BESS, as measured by the MobileMat™, and examine the effect of sex, concussion history, and competitive sport level on BESS performance. METHODS:Four hundred and forty participants performed the BESS on the MobileMat™. Participants were asked to maintain each stance with their eyes closed for 20 s. The MobileMat™ was used to quantify the number of errors. RESULTS:Concussion history (p = 0.279-0.979) and competitive sport level (p = 0.422-0.979) did not affect BESS performance. Males performed significantly better than females for the single-limb foam stance (p = 0.032). No sex differences were detected for the other BESS stances or BESS total score (p = 0.067-0.744). CONCLUSIONS:Previously reported reference values in collegiate athletes and adolescents were slightly higher thus highlighting the value in establishing population norms and in developing new technologies to objectively quantify BESS performance. Furthermore, sex, concussion history, and competitive sport level do not appear to influence BESS performance as measured by the MobileMat™.


Brain Inj


Brain injury


Houston MN,Peck KY,Malvasi SR,Roach SP,Svoboda SJ,Cameron KL




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












  • Recurrent traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::This article reviews, analyses and provides commentary on the most recent literature concerning recurrent traumatic brain injury (RTBI) case histories. It is revealed that a significant proportion of TBI sufferers survive and recover most of the functions of daily living. However, relatively little is known about the ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Salcido R,Costich JF

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term cognitive outcome after neurosurgically treated childhood traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the cognitive long-term outcome of two cohorts of patients neurosurgically treated for childhood traumatic brain injury (CTBI), either in 1987-1991 according to an older concept or 1997-2001 with a stronger emphasis on volume targeted interventions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:Participants in the ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aaro Jonsson C,Smedler AC,Leis Ljungmark M,Emanuelson I

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Clinically significant traumatic intracranial hemorrhage following minor head trauma in older adults: a retrospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of clinically significant traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (T-ICH) following minor head trauma in older adults. Secondary objective was to investigate the impact of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapies on T-ICH incidence. METHODS:This r...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Brien T,Mitra B,Le Sage N,Tardif PA,Emond M,D'Astous M,Mercier E

    更新日期:2020-05-11 00:00:00

  • A prospective study of early versus late craniectomy after traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Decompressive craniectomy is an important method for managing traumatic brain injury (TBI). At present, controversies about this procedure exist, especially about the optimum operative time for patients with TBI. METHODS:A prospective study was performed at the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wen L,Wang H,Wang F,Gong JB,Li G,Huang X,Zhan RY,Yang XF

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Screening for job loss: development of a work instability scale for traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to explore the concept of work instability (a mis-match between an individual's functional and cognitive abilities and the demands of their job) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and develop a work instability scale specific to this population. METHOD:Work instability (WI...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilworth G,Carey A,Eyres S,Sloan J,Rainford B,Bodenham D,Neumann V,Tennant A

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • CT findings in persistent vegetative state following blunt traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::The use of linear measurements in the analysis of CT scans of TBI patients was found to contribute to the understanding of brain damage and were correlated with outcome in severe traumatic close brain injured patients. The purpose of the present study was to analyse the data obtained by the linear measurements on CT s...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reider-Groswasser I,Costeff H,Sazbon L,Groswasser Z

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • Constructing arousal profiles for vegetative state patients--a preliminary report.

    abstract::Arousal profiles are a method that we have developed for using data derived from time sampling to examine how behaviours such as the frequency with which the eyes are observed open, and the frequency of spontaneous movements, vary in the periods immediately before and immediately after sensory stimulation treatment. W...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson SL,Brock D,Powell GE,Thwaites H,Elliott K

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of self-awareness and depression on subjective reports of memory, quality-of-life and satisfaction with life following TBI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the relationship between self-awareness and depressive symptomatology with self-reports of memory, Quality-of-Life (QoL) and satisfaction with life in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS:Cross-sectional survey of 30 community dwelling adults, who sustained a TBI at least 1 yea...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goverover Y,Chiaravalloti N

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Further development of the response scales of the Acquired Brain Injury Challenge Assessment (ABI-CA).

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To revise the scaling of the response sets of the Acquired Brain Injury Challenge Assessment (ABI-CA) through expert input and determination of empirically based cut-points. RESEARCH DESIGN:A measurement development study with a content validity focus. METHODS:Response option wording was revised thr...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McArthur C,Venkatesh S,Warren D,Pringle D,Doerr T,Salbach NM,Kirkwood G,Wright V

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Structural brain injury in patients with disorders of consciousness: A voxel-based morphometry study.

    abstract:MAIN OBJECTIVE:Disorders of consciousness (DOC; encompassing coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS) and minimally conscious state minus/plus (MCS-/+)) are associated with structural brain injury. The extent of this damage remains poorly understood and merits a detailed examination using novel...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guldenmund P,Soddu A,Baquero K,Vanhaudenhuyse A,Bruno MA,Gosseries O,Laureys S,Gómez F

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Early indication of emergence from vegetative state derived from assessments with the SMART--a preliminary report.

    abstract::An explanatory analysis of data from serial assessments of 30 patients with a diagnosis of vegetative state (persistent vegetative state) was carried out. The data were gathered using the Sensory Modality Assessment and Rehabilitation Technique (SMART) and the Western Neuro Sensory Stimulation Profile (WNSSP) on the s...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson SL,Gill-Thwaites H

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • An unusual case of Dantrolene sodium-induced urinary retention in post-traumatic minimally responsive state.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:An unusual case of urinary retention is reported occurring during the inpatient rehabilitation of minimally responsive state (MRS) following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). CLINICAL PICTURE:Urodynamic evaluation showed detrusor acontractility and subsequent management involved intermittent bladder ca...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chua KS,Kong KH

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Extent of intellectual, cognitive, and academic decline in adolescent traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::Pre-injury cognitive data are rarely available for review for individuals suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although pre-injury intelligence and academic scores may be available, particularly if an individual is learning-disabled (LD), data on specific cognitive abilities are unlikely to exist. We present n...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vieth AZ,Johnstone B,Dawson B

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Placebo-controlled study of pramiracetam in young males with memory and cognitive problems resulting from head injury and anoxia.

    abstract::The current study evaluated under double-blind placebo-controlled conditions, the safety and efficacy of 400 mg pramiracetam sulphate TID in treating memory and other cognitive problems of males who have sustained brain injuries. The results of the study indicate that subject performance in measures of memory, especia...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: McLean A Jr,Cardenas DD,Burgess D,Gamzu E

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hypothalamic dysthermia in persons with brain damage.

    abstract::Brain injury causing dysthermia has appeared to be not uncommon in institutionalized people with mental retardation. We sought to determine the characteristics and risks of patients of one institution. Of 1100 residents surveyed over 10 years 92 were reported to have unexplained high or low body temperatures, and 48 w...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaney RH,Olmstead CE

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Is high PEEP ventilation strategy safe for acute respiratory distress syndrome after severe traumatic brain injury?

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To investigate the safety and efficacy of high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) ventilation strategy for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after traumatic brain injury. RESEARCH DESIGN:A case report and discussion based on literature review. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:This article report...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lou M,Xue F,Chen L,Xue Y,Wang K

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a longitudinal study of complications and functional outcomes after traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To create a longitudinal database of patients with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury. RESEARCH DESIGN:A prospective study design was used to collect data pertaining to demographics, acute and post-acute management, complications, resource utilization and functional outcomes. METHODS AND PRO...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Labi ML,Brentjens M,Coad ML,Flynn WJ,Zielezny M

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Athlete concussion history recall is underestimated: a validation study of self-reported concussion history among current professional rugby union players.

    abstract::Objective: To assess the concurrent validity and test re-test reliability of the Michigan Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method (MTBIIM). The psychometric properties of this concussion index were investigated by comparing the agreement between player self-reported diagnosed concussions and medical record diagno...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cunningham J,Broglio S,Wyse J,Mc Hugh C,Farrell G,Denvir K,Wilson F

    更新日期:2020-12-31 00:00:00

  • Static and dynamic assessment practices after head injury.

    abstract::Many individuals suffer acquired brain injury (ABI) each year. This impacts on the need for rehabilitation supports and services that facilitate the achievement of personal goals. The role of assessment in the rehabilitation of people with ABI is examined. The extent to which assessment practices match (in any way) no...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rees RJ,Storry CJ

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • A case study of locked-in-syndrome: psychological and personal perspectives.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although patients with Locked-In-Syndrome (LIS) are often stated to have normal cognitive functioning, the few reports of neuropsychological assessment in these cases suggest this is not always true. This paper (a) reviews published reports of neuropsychological assessments of LIS patients, (b) presents a de...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wilson BA,Hinchcliffe A,Okines T,Florschutz G,Fish J

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of local administration of allogenic adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery in experimental traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in paediatric patients after the first year of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of locally administered allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), in the acute period after a TBI. METHODOLOGY:MSC were isolated from ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mastro-Martínez I,Pérez-Suárez E,Melen G,González-Murillo Á,Casco F,Lozano-Carbonero N,Gutiérrez-Fernández M,Díez-Tejedor E,Casado-Flores J,Ramírez-Orellana M,Serrano-González A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Course of neuropsychological recovery from moderate-to-severe head injury: a 2-year follow-up.

    abstract::Neuropsychological outcome and recovery of a group of 91 patients with moderate-to-severe head injuries were prospectively investigated over a 2 year period, with evaluations at acute hospital discharge at 6 months and 2 years post-injury. A group of 39 trauma patients with injuries to parts of the body other than the...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Lannoo E,Colardyn F,Jannes C,de Soete G

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of home-based community integration programmes for adults with brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To conduct a nationwide telephone survey in order to gather data on some of the quantifiable characteristics of home-based community integration programmes available in the US to adults with brain injury. DESIGN:Survey. METHODS:The Community Integration Programme Questionnaire (CIPQ) was used to interview ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glenn MB,Selleck EA,Goldstein R,Rotman M

    更新日期:2005-12-20 00:00:00

  • Method of symptom assessment influences cognitive, affective and somatic post-concussion-like symptom base rates.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether assessment method influences the type of post-concussion-like symptoms. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Participants were 73 Australian undergraduate students (Mage = 24.14, SD = 8.84; 75.3% female) with no history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Participants reported symptoms ex...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edmed SL,Sullivan KA

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • The McMaster family assessment device and clinical rating scale: questionnaire vs interview in childhood traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::Two modalities of family assessment based on the McMaster Model of Family Functioning (MMFF), including a self-report questionairre (Family Assessment Device-FAD) and a clinical interview (McMaster Structured Interview For Families-McSIFF) as scored on the McMaster Clinical Rating Scale (MCRS) were compared in an atte...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barney MC,Max JE

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hyperoxia in pediatric severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): a comparison of patient classification by cutoff versus cumulative (area-under-the-curve) analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Hyperoxia is associated with adverse outcome in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explored differences in patient classification of oxygen exposure by PaO2 cutoff and cumulative area-under-the-curve (AUC) analysis. METHODS:Retrospective, explorative study including children (<18 years) with acc...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ketharanathan N,De Jonge RCJ,Klouwen I,Wildschut ED,Reiss IKM,Tibboel D,Haitsma IKM,Buysse CMP

    更新日期:2020-06-06 00:00:00

  • Slow-to-recover severe traumatic brain injury: a review of outcomes and rehabilitation effectiveness.

    abstract::Severe traumatic brain injury may result in very severe disability with prolonged recovery. Because of this slow recovery, survivors of severe traumatic brain injury may not be considered as good candidates for typical brain injury rehabilitation programmes and, thus, there is relatively little published information c...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gray DS

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Thirty-day re-admission after traumatic brain injury: Results from MarketScan®.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate the national 30-day re-admission rate after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in insured patients under age 65 and to examine factors that predict re-admission. METHODS:This study reviewed data on patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of TBI in the MarketScan® database from 2010-2012. Patient...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Canner JK,Giuliano K,Gani F,Schneider EB

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics and outcomes of a home and community-based neurorehabilitation programme.

    abstract::The potential clinical and financial advantages of providing neurorehabilitation directly in patients' homes and communities have recently been discussed. However, the specific characteristics and outcomes of a coordinated, interdisciplinary, home-based programme does not currently exist in the rehabilitation literatu...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pace GM,Schlund MW,Hazard-Haupt T,Christensen JR,Lashno M,McIver J,Peterson K,Morgan KA

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • RLIPostC protects against cerebral ischemia through improved synaptogenesis in rats.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Remote limb ischemic post-conditioning (RLIPostC) has been shown to be neuroprotective in cerebral ischemia, whereas the effect of RLIPostC on synaptogenesis remains elusive. In the present study, we investigated the effects of RLIPostC on synaptogenesis in an experimental stroke rat model. METHODS:Sprague-D...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Zhang Z,Zhang L,Yang H,Shen Z

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00