Telomerase reverse transcriptase promotes the proliferation of human laryngeal carcinoma cells through activation of the activator protein 1.

Abstract:

:TERT is the main functional unit of telomerase, which maintains telomere length and chromosome structure stability. TERT has been shown to act as a key factor in various biological processes, such as cell proliferation, via uncharacterized mechanisms. We transfected HEp-2 laryngeal carcinoma cells with a TERT overexpressing adenovirus (Ad-TERT) and TERT shRNA silencing adenovirus (Ad-sh-TERT), and examined the effect on TERT and the AP-1 transcription factor subunits c-Fos and c-Jun using RT-PCR and western blot analysis. TERT mRNA expression was quantified using RT-PCR in 24 human laryngeal carcinoma samples, and TERT protein co-expression with AP-1 was investigated in a human laryngeal carcinoma tissue microarray using quantum-dot based immunofluorescence. The effect of specific ERK and p38 inhibitors on ERK, p38, c-Jun and c-Fos phosphorylation was investigated in TERT-overexpressing HEp-2 cells. TERT overexpression led to increased TERT, c-Jun and c-Fos mRNA and protein expression and increased cell proliferation, while TERT silencing had the opposite effects. TERT mRNA expression levels were positively correlated with c-Fos and c-Jun mRNA in human laryngeal carcinoma tissue. TERT and AP-1 protein were expressed at high levels and positively correlated in laryngeal carcinoma tissues. Treatment of TERT-overexpressing HEp-2 cells with specific p38 and ERK inhibitors indicated that TERT modulates the expression and phosphorylation of the AP-1 subunits c-Jun and c-Fos through the p38 and ERK signaling pathways. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that TERT is capable of promoting cell proliferation via activation of the AP-1 subunits, c-Jun and c-Fos, in laryngeal carcinoma cells.

journal_name

Oncol Lett

journal_title

Oncology letters

authors

Jiang Y,Chen C,Chen SM,Wang YQ,Xu Y,Wang Y,Chen Z,Xiao BK,Tao ZZ

doi

10.3892/ol.2013.1344

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-07-01 00:00:00

pages

75-80

issue

1

eissn

1792-1074

issn

1792-1082

pii

ol-06-01-0075

journal_volume

6

pub_type

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