Adolescent athletic participation and nonmedical Adderall use: an exploratory analysis of a performance-enhancing drug.


OBJECTIVE:A primary motive for adolescents and young adults to nonmedically use prescription stimulants is to help them study. Adolescents and young adults are using prescription stimulants, such as Adderall (amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, dextroamphetamine sulfate), as performance enhancers in certain social domains, including academics and sports. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the nonmedical use of Adderall (a commonly prescribed stimulant used nonmedically) among adolescents who participate in competitive sports. METHOD:The Monitoring the Future survey for 2010 and 2011, a representative sample of 8th- and 10th-grade students, surveyed involvement in competitive sports and nonmedical Adderall use among 21,137 adolescents. Past-year nonmedical use of Adderall served as the main outcome measure. Logistic regression analyses were run to examine whether sports participation in general and involvement in different types of competitive sports participation were associated with past-year nonmedical use of Adderall among males and females. RESULTS:The odds of past-year nonmedical use of Adderall among males were higher for male respondents who participated in lacrosse (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.52, 95% CI [1.20, 5.29]) and wrestling (AOR = 1.74, 95% CI [1.01, 2.98]). However, no particular sport among females was found to be associated with past-year nonmedical use of Adderall. CONCLUSIONS:Certain extracurricular activities, such as high-contact sports, may influence male participants to misuse prescription stimulants as performance enhancers either on or off the playing field.


J Stud Alcohol Drugs


Veliz P,Boyd C,McCabe SE




Has Abstract


2013-09-01 00:00:00












  • Understanding Mechanisms of Change for Brief Alcohol Interventions Among Youth: Examination of Within-Session Interactions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Alcohol brief interventions (BIs) for youth are efficacious, but effect sizes found have been modest. This article presents secondary data analyses from a randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing-based (MI) alcohol BIs among youth in an emergency department, examining within-session predictors...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Walton MA,Ngo QM,Chermack ST,Blow FC,Ehrlich PF,Bonar EE,Cunningham RM

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the stimulant and sedative effects of alcohol with explicit and implicit measures in a balanced placebo design.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Alcohol consumption is characterized by bi-phasic stimulant and sedative effects. In previous studies, various tools were used to assess these effects, including expectancy questionnaires, implicit association tests, and self-report scales. The present study was aimed at clarifying the relationships between t...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kreusch F,Vilenne A,Quertemont E

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Blood alcohol concentration in intoxicated patients seen in the emergency department: does it influence discharge decisions?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to investigate whether blood alcohol concentration (BAC) measurement was routinely requested in emergency departments and whether the observation period in the emergency department allowed sufficient time for alcohol elimination before the patient was discharged. METHOD:A retros...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pelissier F,Lauque D,Charpentier S,Franchitto N

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Development and preliminary validation of a comprehensive marijuana motives questionnaire.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Relatively little research has evaluated motives for using marijuana based on users' self-reported reasons. This article details the construction and psychometric validation of a new marijuana motives questionnaire. METHOD:Participants included 346 marijuana-using college students who completed online assess...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee CM,Neighbors C,Hendershot CS,Grossbard JR

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Brief physician advice for heavy drinking college students: a randomized controlled trial in college health clinics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of brief physician advice in reducing alcohol use and related harm in college students. METHOD:The College Health Intervention Projects (CHIPs) is a randomized, controlled clinical trial with 12-month follow-up conducted in five college health clinics in Wiscons...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Fleming MF,Balousek SL,Grossberg PM,Mundt MP,Brown D,Wiegel JR,Zakletskaia LI,Saewyc EM

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recall bias for seven-day recall measurement of alcohol consumption among emergency department patients: implications for case-crossover designs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to estimate biases in recalling alcohol consumption over short periods. METHOD:Patients (n = 918) attending the surgical ward of the emergency department (ED) of the Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland participated in a brief intervention study. Inclusion criteria were a...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gmel G,Daeppen JB

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Substance Misuse Profiles of Women in Families Receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Benefits: Findings from a National Sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Women in families receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance are twice as likely to have a substance use disorder (SUD) than their non-TANF counterparts in the past year. However, evidence is limited about substance misuse patterns and comorbid mental health problems among women ...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oh S,Salas-Wright CP,Vaughn MG,Zapcic I

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Acute stress and event-related potential correlates of attention to alcohol images in social drinkers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The use of alcohol to cope with stress is a major health concern, yet the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the effects of stress on alcohol-related cognition are not well understood. This study examined changes in event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by alcohol-related images before and after a st...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ceballos NA,Giuliano RJ,Wicha NY,Graham R

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol Use Disorder and Parental Alcohol Use Disorder as Predictors of Reproductive Timing.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Research suggests associations between adolescent alcohol use and early reproduction, but other findings show that alcohol use disorder (AUD) may actually predict delayed reproduction. However, most studies generally do not consider the effects of parental AUD, which is correlated with AUD and may influence r...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blake A,Smyth H,Sternberg A,Waddell J,Chassin L

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in drinking before a mandated brief intervention with college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Little is known about the effects of alcohol-related infractions and resulting reprimands for invoking behavioral change among mandated college students. The primary aim of this study was to assess the extent to which students significantly reduce their drinking between the time of an alcohol-related violatio...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morgan TJ,White HR,Mun EY

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Clubbing With Familiar Social Groups: Relaxed Vigilance and Implications for Risk.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This research examined the relationship between the intragroup familiarity among peers visiting nightclubs and the likelihood of experiencing negative outcomes. We hypothesized, based on our prior work, that members who are more familiar with their group would be more likely to experience sexual and physical ...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson MB,Voas R,Miller B,Bourdeau B,Byrnes H

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships Between Minimum Alcohol Pricing and Crime During the Partial Privatization of a Canadian Government Alcohol Monopoly.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to estimate the independent effects of increases in minimum alcohol prices and densities of private liquor stores on crime outcomes in British Columbia, Canada, during a partial privatization of off-premise liquor sales. METHOD:A time-series cross-sectional panel study was condu...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stockwell T,Zhao J,Marzell M,Gruenewald PJ,Macdonald S,Ponicki WR,Martin G

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Fire fatality and alcohol intake: analysis of key risk factors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:After a brief review of the literature on the role of alcohol in residential fire deaths, a comparison of different risk factors for residential fire fatality was undertaken by closely analyzing the circumstances of fire victims as a function of alcohol intake. METHOD:Analyses were based on Australian corone...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruck D,Ball M,Thomas IR

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Nature of the Causal Relationship Between Academic Achievement and the Risk for Alcohol Use Disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We evaluated the claim that interventions to improve academic achievement can reduce the risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD:Using nationwide data for individuals born in Sweden from 1972 to 1981 (n = 930,182), we conducted instrumental variable and co-relative analyses of the association between aca...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kendler KS,Ohlsson H,Fagan AA,Lichtenstein P,Sundquist J,Sundquist K

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Varying impacts of alcohol outlet densities on violent assaults: explaining differences across neighborhoods.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Groups of potentially violent drinkers may frequent areas of communities with large numbers of alcohol outlets, especially bars, leading to greater rates of alcohol-related assaults. This study assessed direct and moderating effects of bar densities on assaults across neighborhoods. METHOD:We analyzed longit...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mair C,Gruenewald PJ,Ponicki WR,Remer L

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Age Differences in Daily and Nondaily Cannabis Use in the United States, 2002-2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Adult cannabis use has increased in the United States since 2002, particularly after 2007, contrasting with stable/declining trends among youth. We investigated whether specific age groups disproportionately contributed to changes in daily and nondaily cannabis use trends. METHOD:Participants ages 12 and old...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mauro PM,Carliner H,Brown QL,Hasin DS,Shmulewitz D,Rahim-Juwel R,Sarvet AL,Wall MM,Martins SS

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of attempted suicide among Swiss patients with alcohol-use disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Suicide attempts are common in patients being treated for alcohol-use disorders (AUDs). However, clinical assessment of suicide risk is difficult. In this Swiss multisite study, we propose a decision tree to facilitate identification of profiles of AUD patients at high risk for suicidal behavior. METHOD:In t...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Buri C,von Bonin B,Strik W,Moggi F

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Impulsive Personality and Alcohol Use: Bidirectional Relations Over One Year.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Impulsive personality traits have been found to be robust predictors of substance use and problems in both cross-sectional and longitudinal research. Studies examining the relations of substance use and impulsive personality over time indicate a bidirectional relation, where substance use is also predictive o...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaiser A,Bonsu JA,Charnigo RJ,Milich R,Lynam DR

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • The role of protective behavioral strategies and anxiety in problematic drinking among college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to reduce heavy alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among college students. Limited research has examined how mental health is related to PBS use in the prediction of alcohol outcomes. Consequently, the aims of the present study wer...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linden AN,Lau-Barraco C,Milletich RJ

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Potential Impact of a "No-Buy" List on Youth Exposure to Alcohol Advertising on Cable Television.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to outline a method to improve alcohol industry compliance with its self-regulatory advertising placement guidelines on television with the goal of reducing youth exposure to noncompliant advertisements. METHOD:Data were sourced from Nielsen (The Nielsen Company, New York, NY) f...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ross CS,Brewer RD,Jernigan DH

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Driving under the influence of central stimulant amines: age and gender differences in concentrations of amphetamine, methamphetamine, and ecstasy in blood.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A zero-tolerance law for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) was introduced in Sweden in 1999. This change in legislation has led to a 12-fold increase in the number of blood samples sent by the police for toxicological analysis. Here we report the age and gender of offenders, along with the concentra...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones AW,Holmgren A,Kugelberg FC

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Opinions on the Privatization of Distilled-Spirits Sales in Washington State: Did Voters Change Their Minds?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In November 2011, voters in Washington State approved Initiative 1183 (I-1183), which ended the government monopoly on distilled-spirits sales. The current study examined the relationship between demographics, spirits use, and voting outcomes, as well as how these variables related to wanting to change one's ...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Subbaraman MS,Kerr WC

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment staff's continuity of care practices, patients' engagement in continuing care, and abstinence following outpatient substance-use disorder treatment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Although speculation suggests that continuity of care predicts abstinence following substance-use disorder (SUD) treatment, models examining staff's continuity of care practices and engagement in continuing care and whether they mediate or moderate the association between patient and treatment factors and abs...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schaefer JA,Harris AH,Cronkite RC,Turrubiartes P

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Erosion of State Alcohol Excise Taxes in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In the United States, excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for 88,000 deaths annually and cost $249 billion, or $2.05 per drink, in 2010. Specific excise taxes, the predominant form of alcohol taxation in the United States, are based on the volume of alcohol sold rather than a percentage of price and ...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Naimi TS,Blanchette JG,Xuan Z,Chaloupka FJ

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance-use problems: are uninsured workers at greater risk?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined how problem drinking and drug use and their related treatment received by workers varied by health insurance coverage and employment characteristics. METHOD:We used National Survey on Drug Use and Health data on civilian workers ages 18 years and older from the 2002 and 2003 public-use fi...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waehrer GM,Zaloshnja E,Miller T,Galvin D

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity, coping motives, emotion dysregulation, and alcohol-related outcomes in college women: a moderated-mediation model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The present study examined the relation of anxiety sensitivity to alcohol-related outcomes via coping drinking motives in college women. Further, the impact of emotion dysregulation on the mediational path between anxiety sensitivity and alcohol-related outcomes was investigated. METHOD:A sample of 223 femal...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chandley RB,Luebbe AM,Messman-Moore TL,Ward RM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol Advertising Exposure Among Middle School-Age Youth: An Assessment Across All Media and Venues.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to quantify middle school youth's exposure to alcohol advertisements across media and venues, determine venues of greatest exposure, and identify characteristics of youth who are most exposed. METHOD:Over a 10-month period in 2013, 589 Los Angeles-area youth ages 11-14 from dive...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins RL,Martino SC,Kovalchik SA,Becker KM,Shadel WG,D'Amico EJ

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pre-Drinking and the Temporal Gradient of Intoxication in a New Zealand Nightlife Environment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We measured changes in the average level of intoxication over time in the nighttime economy and identified the factors associated with intoxication, including pre-drinking. METHOD:A random intercept sample of 320 pedestrians (105 women; 215 men) was interviewed and received breath alcohol analysis in the nig...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cameron MP,Roskruge MJ,Droste N,Miller PG

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prescription drug misuse among antisocial youths.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and correlates of nonmedical prescription drug misuse (PDM) in a state population of youths in residential care for antisocial behavior. METHOD:Interviews assessing substance use, psychiatric symptoms, antisocial traits/behavior, and traumatic life experie...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall MT,Howard MO,McCabe SE

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • A Co-Twin Control Study of the Relationship Between Adolescent Drinking and Adult Outcomes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effect of drinking during adolescence on adult functioning is a public health concern. A variety of mechanisms have been proposed where drinking in adolescence has an adverse impact on later outcomes; unfortunately, few studies have included methodologies that account for confounding influences that might...

    journal_title:Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waldron JS,Malone SM,McGue M,Iacono WG

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00