8-Week Basic Military Training Improves Adiponectin Multimer Ratio in Healthy Young Males.


:To investigate the effect of exercise on adiponectin in young healthy human males, we examined serum total adiponectin and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin in newly recruited male soldiers who participated in an 8-week basic military training (BMT). A total of 95 males (mean age, 18.79±1.50 years) were sampled from among 1,100 new male army recruits in China. Participants were separated into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI): overweight group (BMI: 24.9 kg/m2 to<30 kg/m2; n=26); normal-weight group (BMI: 18.5 kg/m2 to<24.9 kg/m2; n=40); and underweight group (BMI:<18.5 kg/m2; n=29). Anthropometric measurements, fasting serum total adiponectin, HMW adiponectin, and lipid profiles were recorded at baseline and at the end of the 8-week BMT. After the 8-week BMT, the HMW/total adiponectin ratio (HMW/total ratio) and HDL cholesterol improved significantly (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). HMW/total ratio showed significant correlations with HDL cholesterol. Our study suggests that an 8-week BMT can improve the HMW/total ratio in healthy young males regardless of their BMI and anthropometry. Both HMW/total ratio and HDL cholesterol can serve as potential biomarkers for assessing the efficacy of exercise and may have metabolic benefits for preventing obesity and obesity-related disease.


Int J Sports Med


Han X,Feng Y,Han X,Guo H,Zhu J,Ning C,Liu F,Li S,Li X,Yang YN




Has Abstract


2019-01-01 00:00:00












  • A new rating scale of perceived exertion based on subjective estimation of exhaustion time: a preliminary study.

    abstract::Perceived exertion has been investigated during incremental exercise to exhaustion with athletes, according to the 6-20 scale proposed by Borg (RPE, 1970) and a new scale based on the estimation of exhaustion time (t(lim)) (Estimated Time Limit or ETL, from 1 to 20; ETL= 21 - 2 n, with n = log2t(lim)). ETL increased l...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garcin M,Vandewalle H,Monod H

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term prognosis of conservatively treated acute knee ligament injuries in competitive and spare time sportsmen.

    abstract::During the period 1975-1981, 221 persons were treated conservatively at Tampere University Central Hospital for an acute knee ligament injury. A total of 194 patients (88%) were reexamined 8 +/- 3 years after the injury. In the clinical and radiological results, there were no significant differences between competitiv...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kannus P,Järvinen M

    更新日期:1987-10-01 00:00:00

  • Specificity of aerobic and anaerobic work capacities and powers.

    abstract::Thirty-three untrained subjects of both sexes, 18-31 years of age, performed several tests on cycle ergometers. Maximal aerobic power (MAP) was obtained in a progressive work test. Maximal aerobic capacity (MAC) was measured in a 90-min maximal test and was computed as the total work output during that period. Two all...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boulay MR,Lortie G,Simoneau JA,Hamel P,Leblanc C,Bouchard C

    更新日期:1985-12-01 00:00:00

  • Variations in exercise systolic blood pressure in physically active middle-aged men with normal and elevated blood pressure.

    abstract::Considerable interindividual variation in the response of blood pressure to exercise has been found. In this study the response of systolic blood pressure during a progressive maximal bicycle ergometer test was investigated in 747 physically active male subjects over age of 40 years with normal, borderline elevated, a...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wijnen JA,van Baak MA,Tan ES,Bovens AM,Vrencken JG,Verstappen FT

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of high intensity exercise on isoelectric profiles and SDS-PAGE mobility of erythropoietin.

    abstract::Exercise induced proteinuria is a common phenomenon in high performance sports. Based on the appearance of so called "effort urines" in routine doping analysis the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise induced proteinuria on IEF profiles and SDS-PAGE relative mobility values (rMVs) of endo...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Voss S,Lüdke A,Romberg S,Schänzer E,Flenker U,deMarees M,Achtzehn S,Mester J,Schänzer W

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • CNTFR Genotype and Sprint/power Performance: Case-control Association and Functional Studies.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate whether rs41274853 in the 3'-untranslated region of the ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor gene (CNTFR) is associated with elite sprint/power athletic status and assess its functional significance. A total of 211 Japanese sprint/power track and field athletes (62 internationa...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto-Mikami E,Fujita Y,Murakami H,Ito M,Miyachi M,Kawahara T,Fuku N

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Modelling atmospheric pollution during the games of the XXVIII Olympiad: effects on elite competitors.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:The present study investigated the specific atmospheric conditions expected in Athens during the summer of 2004 in relation to the performance of elite athletes. DESIGN:Atmospheric pollution and weather data for the period April 16th to September 30th covering the entire greater Athens area and collected fr...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flouris AD

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Sports therapy for attention, cognitions and sociality.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to understand if sport improves attention symptoms, social competency, and cognitive functions in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study was designed as a 6-week, prospective trial, including 12 sessions of education/sports therapy. 13 ADHD...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kang KD,Choi JW,Kang SG,Han DH

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of exercise at various temperatures on salivary levels of immunoglobulin A.

    abstract::The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of ambient temperature on the salivary immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) response to submaximal exercise. Nine adult males (x age +/- SD = 22 +/- 2 yrs) volunteered to perform an incremental treadmill test to exhaustion for the determination of VO2max and three 30-m...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Housh TJ,Johnson GO,Housh DJ,Evans SL,Tharp GD

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • The energy cost of human locomotion on land and in water.

    abstract::The energy cost of the forms of locomotion discussed throughout this article is summarized in Table 9. This table, as well as the preceding sections of this article, are designed to provide a rather comprehensive and simple set of information for potential readers: medical doctors, who should be able to prescribe to t...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: di Prampero PE

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Maximal aerobic exercise following prolonged sleep deprivation.

    abstract::The effect of 60 h without sleep upon maximal oxygen intake was examined in 12 young women, using a cycle ergometer protocol. The arousal of the subjects was maintained by requiring the performance of a sequence of cognitive tasks throughout the experimental period. Well-defined oxygen intake plateaus were obtained bo...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goodman J,Radomski M,Hart L,Plyley M,Shephard RJ

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Skin Application of 4% Menthol Enhances Running Performance in Hot and Humid Climate.

    abstract::Aerobic performance is negatively impacted by tropical climate due to impairment of thermoregulatory mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that a torso application of a 4% menthol solution would have the same effect on a best performance 10-km run as an external use of cold water. Thirteen trained male athletes complet...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hermand E,Collado A,Hue O

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of defensive pressure on movement behaviour during an under-18 basketball game.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine the effect of defensive pressure on movement behaviour during an under-18 basketball game. 20 international male players (age: M=16.05, SD=2.09 years old; weekly practice: M=10.9, SD=1.94 h; playing experience: M=7.1, SD=1.1 years) played two 10-min basketball quarters, using man-t...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leite NM,Leser R,Gonçalves B,Calleja-Gonzalez J,Baca A,Sampaio J

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Oral Contraceptive Use does not Negatively Affect Body Composition and Strength Adaptations in Trained Women.

    abstract::The purpose was to analyze the influence of oral contraceptive use on body composition and strength levels in trained women. Twenty-three resistance-trained women participated in this study (age=27.4±3.4 years; fat mass=28.0±5.0%; BMI=22.9±2.7 kg∙m-2). Subjects performed an 8-week non-linear resistance-training progra...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Romance R,Vargas S,Espinar S,Petro JL,Bonilla DA,Schöenfeld BJ,Kreider RB,Benítez-Porres J

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Physiologic comparison of competitive racewalking and running.

    abstract::Eight competitive racewalkers were studied to determine a) the speed where running and racewalking become equally efficient, b) if, at a similar VO2, the physiologic responses to submaximal exercise differ between running and racewalking, and c) if VO2 max can be attained during racewalking. The speed at which running...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hagberg JM,Coyle EF

    更新日期:1984-04-01 00:00:00

  • Actigraph GT3X: validation and determination of physical activity intensity cut points.

    abstract::The aims of this study were: to compare energy expenditure (EE) estimated from the existing GT3X accelerometer equations and EE measured with indirect calorimetry; to define new equations for EE estimation with the GT3X in youth, adults and older people; and to define GT3X vector magnitude (VM) cut points allowing to ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santos-Lozano A,Santín-Medeiros F,Cardon G,Torres-Luque G,Bailón R,Bergmeir C,Ruiz JR,Lucia A,Garatachea N

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of distribution of rest between repetitions.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare acute mechanical and metabolic effects of 2 sessions of resistance training equated by volume and total resting time but with different set configuration: sets to failure (FS) vs. distribution of rest between each repetition (NFS). 10 male judoists completed a session consistin...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iglesias-Soler E,Carballeira E,Sánchez-Otero T,Mayo X,Jiménez A,Chapman ML

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of self-monitored jogging on physical fitness, blood pressure and serum lipids: a controlled study in sedentary middle-aged men.

    abstract::To study the effects of long-term, home-based exercise on physical fitness and cardiovascular risk factors of middle-aged nonsmoking males, a controlled study was conducted in 61 sedentary Swiss men. Thirty-nine men were randomly allocated to jog 2 h/week for 4 months on an individually prescribed and heart-rate-contr...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Suter E,Marti B,Tschopp A,Wanner HU,Wenk C,Gutzwiller F

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance.

    abstract::The present study was designed to evaluate the influence of starch structure on muscle glycogen resynthesis and cycling performance. Eight male cyclists (22 +/- 1 yr) completed an exercise protocol (DP) to decrease vastus lateralis glycogen concentration. This exercise consisted of 60 min cycling at 75% VO2max, follow...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Jozsi AC,Trappe TA,Starling RD,Goodpaster B,Trappe SW,Fink WJ,Costill DL

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory and Limb Locomotor Muscle Deoxygenation During Exercise with Resistive Inspiratory Loading.

    abstract::We investigated how inspiratory muscle training impacted respiratory and locomotor muscle deoxygenation during submaximal exercise with resistive inspiratory loading. 16 male cyclists completed 6 weeks of either true (n=8) or sham (n=8) inspiratory muscle training. Pre- and post-training, subjects completed 3, 6-min e...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner LA,Tecklenburg-Lund SL,Chapman R,Shei RJ,Wilhite DP,Mickleborough T

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Performance and muscle metabolite changes in exercise with repeated maximal dynamic contractions.

    abstract::Maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) were performed by five male subjects as repeated knee extensions separated by 13-s rest periods for the purposes of studying performance capability, physiologic responses, and recruitment patterns among fast-twitch (FT) and slow-twitch (ST) extrafusal muscle fibers for this type of...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karlsson J,Piehl K,Knuttgen HG

    更新日期:1981-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of different tests of fencing performance.

    abstract::Three different procedures to analyse fencing performances were tested. The test subjects were ten world class epée fencers from the Swedish national team. The procedures involved measurements of reaction time and response time to different stimuli. Test 1 measured the lunging performance as a response to a light. Tes...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harmenberg J,Ceci R,Barvestad P,Hjerpe K,Nyström J

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a diet regimen on pituitary and steroid hormones in male ice hockey players.

    abstract::Serum concentrations of androgens, cortisol, androgen binding proteins, pituitary hormones, together with anthropometric variables and sports performance were studied in two different elite male ice hockey teams. One of the teams (DIF, n = 22) participated in a special dietary program including reduction in fat from a...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tegelman R,Aberg T,Pousette A,Carlström K

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in plasma concentration of hypoxanthine and uric acid in man with short-distance running at various intensities.

    abstract::The relationship between running intensity and the accumulation of hypoxanthine and uric acid in plasma was studied in four well-trained runners. The runners each performed several 800-m runs at different velocities, each run being performed on separate days. Venous blood samples were collected before and at regular i...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sjödin B,Hellsten Westing Y

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of Caffeine Ingestion during Evening Exercise on Subsequent Sleep Quality in Females.

    abstract::In a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover design, 10 females taking monophasic oral contraceptives completed 90 min intermittent treadmill-running 45 min after ingestion of 6 mg∙kg(-1) body mass anhydrous caffeine or artificial sweetener (placebo). Water (3 mL∙kg(-1)) was provided every 15 min during...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ali A,O'Donnell JM,Starck C,Rutherfurd-Markwick KJ

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Relative age effect and Yo-Yo IR1 in youth soccer.

    abstract::The aims of the study were to investigate the presence of a relative age effect and the influence of birth quarter on anthropometric characteristics, an estimation of biological maturity and performance in the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 in 606 elite, Flemish youth soccer players. The sample was divided i...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deprez D,Vaeyens R,Coutts AJ,Lenoir M,Philippaerts R

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise improved rat metabolism by raising PPAR-α.

    abstract::Based on the importance of exercise and crucial role of liver in metabolism, the aim of this study was to determine whether the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α, γ and adiponectin receptor 2 in OLETF rat liver were altered in conjunction with improved metabolism with exercise training....

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang S,Liu Y,Li Q,Dong X,Hu H,Hu R,Ye H,Wu Y,Hu R,Li Y

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Haemoglobin, haematocrit and red blood cell indices in elite cyclists. Are the control values for blood testing valid?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In international cycling and cross-country skiing competitions, blood tests are used to unmask the performance enhancing misuse of erythropoietin. Haematocrit (cycling) and haemoglobin (cross-country skiing) limits have been set by international sporting federations (haematocrit 50%, haemoglobin 18.5 g/dl). ...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schumacher YO,Grathwohl D,Barturen JM,Wollenweber M,Heinrich L,Schmid A,Huber G,Keul J

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Routine blood parameters in elite soccer players.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Often blood screening is repeatedly done in elite athletes although training and competition can affect its results and normal ranges for highly active individuals are widely unknown. This study was conducted to provide reference data in professional soccer players. 467 male soccer players of the 2 highest G...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Meyer T,Meister S

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Haematological analysis conducted at the departure of the Tour de France 2001.

    abstract::Since the introduction of blood analysis performed before major cycling events in 1997, there have been discussions concerning the quality of the results. The aim of our study therefore was to measure blood samples and compare the results obtained on the field with those obtained in the laboratory. For this it was nec...

    journal_title:International journal of sports medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robinson N,Schattenberg L,Zorzoli M,Mangin P,Saugy M

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00