Walking on a treadmill improves the stride length-cadence relationship in individuals with Parkinson's disease.


BACKGROUND:The gait pattern in Parkinson´s disease (PD) is characterized by a deficit in the internal regulation of stride length (SL), while the control of cadence (Cad) remains intact. The use of the treadmill as a gait rehabilitation tool has provided novel options for treatment of gait impairments in PD. However, it remains unclear whether walking on the treadmill changes the stride length-cadence relationship (SLCrel) in PD. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the SLCrel in PD subjects walking on a treadmill vs. overground, and to further compare the SLCrel to that of age-matched healthy subjects. METHODS:Fifteen PD subjects and fifteen age-matched controls walked overground and on a treadmill at five different self-selected speeds. Gait speed, SL and Cad were recorded at each self-selected speed. A linear regression analysis was conducted to explore the SLCrel and to determine the slope and intercept for each participant. RESULTS:PD subjects showed a lower intercept than control subjects when walking both overground and on a treadmill (F = 8.51, p = 0.007). In comparison with walking overground, walking on a treadmill resulted in a significant increase in the intercept in both PD and control groups (F = 12.17, p = 0.002). There were no significant differences in the slope of the SLCrel. CONCLUSION:PD subjects are able to improve the internal regulation of SL when walking on a treadmill. Our results confirm the potential therapeutic effects of treadmill training for gait rehabilitation in PD and suggest that the mechanisms underlying the positive effects of treadmill training on PD subjects are sustained.


Gait Posture


Gait & posture


Ambrus M,Sanchez JA,Fernandez-Del-Olmo M




Has Abstract


2019-02-01 00:00:00












  • Increased double limb support times during walking in right limb dominant healthy older adults with low bone density.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Older adults with low bone mineral density (BMD) may exhibit early markers for physical frailty; however, there is a lack of understanding of the dominant limb support patterns during walking. RESEARCH QUESTION:The purpose of this study was to investigate limb support times during walking in healthy older a...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sung PS

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Spatio-temporal gait analysis in children with cerebral palsy using, foot-worn inertial sensors.

    abstract::A child's natural gait pattern may be affected by the gait laboratory environment. Wearable devices using body-worn sensors have been developed for gait analysis. The purpose of this study was to validate and explore the use of foot-worn inertial sensors for the measurement of selected spatio-temporal parameters, base...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brégou Bourgeois A,Mariani B,Aminian K,Zambelli PY,Newman CJ

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in trunk, pelvis and lower limb kinematics during a single leg squat.

    abstract::The relationship between trunk and lower limb kinematics in healthy females versus males is unclear since trunk kinematics in the frontal and transverse planes have not been systematically examined with lower limb kinematics. The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of different multi-joints movement str...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graci V,Van Dillen LR,Salsich GB

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Calculations of mechanisms for balance control during narrow and single-leg standing in fit older adults: A reliability study.

    abstract::For older people balance control in standing is critical for performance of activities of daily living without falling. The aims were to investigate reliability of quantification of the usage of the two balance mechanisms M(1) 'moving the centre of pressure' and M(2) 'segment acceleration' and also to compare calculat...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aberg AC,Thorstensson A,Tarassova O,Halvorsen K

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Energy expenditure of stroke patients during postural control tasks.

    abstract::Two common impairments in patients after stroke are loss of balance control and fatigue. We propose that both could be inter-related. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolic energy demand for balance control in patients after stroke during upright standing. Ten stroke patients and 12 able-bodied con...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Houdijk H,ter Hoeve N,Nooijen C,Rijntjes D,Tolsma M,Lamoth C

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • A flexed posture in elderly patients is associated with impairments in postural control during walking.

    abstract::A flexed posture (FP) is characterized by protrusion of the head and an increased thoracic kyphosis (TK), which may be caused by osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs). These impairments may affect motor function, and consequently increase the risk of falling and fractures. The aim of the current study was therefore t...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Groot MH,van der Jagt-Willems HC,van Campen JP,Lems WF,Beijnen JH,Lamoth CJ

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of virtual reality training on gait biomechanics of individuals post-stroke.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate gait biomechanics after training with a virtual reality (VR) system and to elucidate underlying mechanisms that contributed to the observed functional improvement in gait speed and distance. DESIGN:A single blind randomized control study. SETTING:Gait analysis laboratory in a rehabilitation hosp...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mirelman A,Patritti BL,Bonato P,Deutsch JE

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between supination resistance and the kinetics and kinematics of the foot and ankle during gait.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Clinical tests of foot posture and mobility are not strongly related to the dynamic kinematics of the foot during gait. These measures may be more directly related to foot and ankle kinetics. The supination resistance test (SRT) is a clinical test that may more directly measure forces acting on the weightbea...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McBride S,Dixon P,Mokha M,Samuel Cheng M

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of tibial torsion on the dynamic function of the soleus during gait.

    abstract::An induced acceleration analysis (IAA) model was used to investigate the effect of tibial torsion on the ability of the soleus to support and propel the body during gait. The IAA approach is well suited for this study because it allows soleus action to be quantified in the presence of varying amounts of tibial torsion...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwartz M,Lakin G

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Aging and running experience affects the gearing in the musculoskeletal system of the lower extremities while walking.

    abstract::The aims of this study were to investigate whether older adults modify their walking mechanics to compensate for the degeneration in their muscle-tendon units (MTUs), and to examine whether running has a beneficial effect on walking mechanics in younger and older adults. The investigation was conducted on 30 older and...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karamanidis K,Arampatzis A

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of obesity on lower extremity muscle function during walking at two speeds.

    abstract::Walking is a recommended form of physical activity for obese adults, yet the effects of obesity and walking speed on the biomechanics of walking are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine joint kinematics, muscle force requirements and individual muscle contributions to the walking ground reacti...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lerner ZF,Board WJ,Browning RC

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Walking patterns and hip contact forces in patients with hip dysplasia.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Several studies have investigated walking characteristics in hip dysplasia patients, but so far none have described all hip rotational degrees of freedom during the whole gait cycle. This descriptive study reports 3D joint angles and torques, and furthermore extends previous studies with muscle and joint c...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skalshøi O,Iversen CH,Nielsen DB,Jacobsen J,Mechlenburg I,Søballe K,Sørensen H

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Roussouly's sagittal spino-pelvic morphotypes as determinants of gait in asymptomatic adult subjects.

    abstract::Sagittal alignment is known to greatly vary between asymptomatic adult subjects; however, there are no studies on the possible effect of these differences on gait. The aim of this study is to investigate whether asymptomatic adults with different Roussouly sagittal alignment morphotypes walk differently. Ninety-one as...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bakouny Z,Assi A,Massaad A,Saghbini E,Lafage V,Skalli W,Ghanem I,Kreichati G

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • A simple model to analyze the effectiveness of linear time normalization to reduce variability in human movement analysis.

    abstract::In this paper we propose a simple model to predict the effect of linear time normalization to reduce variability in human movement analysis. This model is based on analysis of the correlation between timing variables and total movement duration. We obtain a simple expression to predict the variation coefficient (CV) o...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Page A,Epifanio I

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • A simple method for calibrating force plates and force treadmills using an instrumented pole.

    abstract::We propose a new method for calibrating force plates to reduce errors in center of pressure locations, forces, and moments. These errors may be caused by imperfect mounting of force plates to the ground or by installation of a treadmill atop a force plate, which may introduce distorting loads. The method, termed the P...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins SH,Adamczyk PG,Ferris DP,Kuo AD

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of gait velocity on calcaneal balance at heel strike; Implications for orthotic prescription in injury prevention.

    abstract::Exercise related lower limb injuries (ERLLI), are common in the recreational and competitive sporting population. Although ERLLI are thought to be multi-factorial in aetiology, one of the critical predisposing factors is known to gait abnormality. There is little published evidence comparing walking and running gait i...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shanthikumar S,Low Z,Falvey E,McCrory P,Franklyn-Miller A

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Do the hamstrings and adductors contribute to excessive internal rotation of the hip in persons with cerebral palsy?

    abstract::Children with cerebral palsy frequently walk with excessive internal rotation of the hip. Spastic medial hamstrings or adductors are presumed to contribute to the excessive internal rotation in some patients; however, the capacity of these muscles to produce internal rotation during walking in individuals with cerebra...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnold AS,Asakawa DJ,Delp SL

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Calf muscle-tendon lengths before and after Tendo-Achilles lengthenings and gastrocnemius lengthenings for equinus in cerebral palsy and idiopathic toe walking.

    abstract::The calf muscle-tendon lengths in children exhibiting equinus gait in two clinical populations, cerebral palsy (CP) and idiopathic toe walking (ITW), were examined to compare the effects of diagnosis and two different surgical procedures, Tendo-Achilles lengthening (TAL) versus Vulpius procedure (VP) gastrocnemius rec...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jahn J,Vasavada AN,McMulkin ML

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of leg support on muscle cross-correlation of bilateral erector spinae during trunk flexion-extension performance.

    abstract::Investigations corresponding to the affected factors of the cross-correlation of pair muscles are limited though muscle activation patterns of bilateral erector spinae (ES) during trunk flexion-extension performance in standing have been utilized as an indicator in the evaluation of low back pain condition. The purpos...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shan X,Wei Y,Chen Z,Fan L,Shi W,Yang S

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of real and artificial Leg Length Discrepancy on mechanical work and energy cost during the gait.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The impacts of Leg Length Discrepancy (LLD) on the kinematic and dynamic parameters of walking have been widely discussed. But little is known on total mechanical work and energy cost. These two variables are more representative of the functional impairment undergone by the LLD patients. AIM:To assess the c...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Assogba TF,Boulet S,Detrembleur C,Mahaudens P

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ankle muscle coactivation during gait is decreased immediately after anterior weight shift practice in adults after stroke.

    abstract::Increased ankle muscle coactivation during gait has frequently been observed as an adaptation strategy to compensate for postural instability in adults after stroke. However, it remains unclear whether the muscle coactivation pattern increases or decreases after balance training. The aim of this study was to investiga...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kitatani R,Ohata K,Sakuma K,Aga Y,Yamakami N,Hashiguchi Y,Yamada S

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • TauG-guidance of dynamic balance control during gait initiation across adulthood.

    abstract::Measurements from force plates were investigated to identify the life-span developmental course of dynamic balance control during gait initiation across adulthood. Center of pressure (CoP) data of the initial weight shift onto the supporting foot in the mediolateral (CoP(x)) direction were tauG analyzed, investigating...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spencer LM,van der Meer AL

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Secondary gait compensations in individuals without neuromuscular involvement following a unilateral imposed equinus constraint.

    abstract::Ankle equinus is the most commonly identified impairment of individuals with spastic hemiplegia (SH). However, it is not clear how equinus at the ankle may contribute to gait deviations at other joints. The purpose of this study was to determine what compensatory gait deviations may occur as a result of an imposed, un...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Goodman MJ,Menown JL,West JM Jr,Barr KM,Vander Linden DW,McMulkin ML

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing short-term outcomes for older patients accessing emergency departments after a fall: The role of fall dynamics.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While the relevance of falls in raising the risk of fractures, hospitalization and disability in older age is well recognized, the factors influencing the onset of fractures and the need for ward admission after a fall have yet to be fully elucidated. We investigated which factors and fall dynamics were main...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trevisan C,Di Gregorio P,Debiasi E,Pedrotti M,La Guardia M,Manzato E,Sergi G,March A

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Postural stability after treadmill and overground walking in young and elderly.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ageing commonly disrupts the balance control and compensatory postural responses that contribute to maintaining balance and preventing falls during perturbation of posture. Improvement of compensatory postural responses during walking is one of the main goals in fall prevention programs which often include t...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hirjaková Z,Bizovská L,Bzdúšková D,Hlavačka F,Janura M

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of a sensory perturbation on step direction or length while crossing an obstacle from quiet stance.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a sensory perturbation on step length and direction while crossing an obstacle from quiet stance. METHODS:Nine healthy adults were asked to step over an obstacle to land on a primary target (normal stepping condition). Following a light sig...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim HD,Brunt D

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait kinematics of children with cerebral palsy calculated using patient-specific direct and inverse kinematic models.

    abstract::Joint kinematics can be calculated by Direct Kinematics (DK), which is used in most clinical gait laboratories, or Inverse Kinematics (IK), which is mainly used for musculoskeletal research. In both approaches, joint centre locations are required to compute joint angles. The hip joint centre (HJC) in DK models can be ...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kainz H,Carty CP,Maine S,Walsh HPJ,Lloyd DG,Modenese L

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of an irregular surface and low light on the step variability of patients with peripheral neuropathy during level gait.

    abstract::Patients with peripheral neuropathy (PN) report greater difficulty walking on irregular surfaces with low light (IL) than on flat surfaces with regular lighting (FR). We tested the primary hypothesis that older PN patients would demonstrate greater step width and step width variability under IL conditions than under F...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thies SB,Richardson JK,Demott T,Ashton-Miller JA

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • A method for comparing manual muscle strength measurements with joint moments during walking.

    abstract::This paper describes a protocol for dynamometer assisted manual muscle testing of the major muscle groups of the lower extremity and its application to 11 able-bodied children who also had conventional gait analysis to obtain joint kinetics. Data from the manual muscle testing was processed in such a way that the resu...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fosang A,Baker R

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of hamstring lengthening on muscle activation timing.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to describe the changes in muscle activation patterns using surface electromyography (sEMG) during walking in patients with cerebral palsy (CP), before and after hamstring lengthening. In the current clinical use of sEMG during walking in CP for pre-operative planning, various authors hav...

    journal_title:Gait & posture

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Buurke JH,Hermens HJ,Roetenberg D,Harlaar J,Rosenbaum D,Kleissen RF

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00