The effects of two mixed intravenous lipid emulsions on clinical outcomes in infants after gastrointestinal surgery: a prospective, randomized study.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:There are many advantages of a SMOF emulsion (SMOF-lipid), such as liver-protective properties and anti-inflammatory effects. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of SMOF-lipid with medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) /long-chain triglycerides (LCT) in infants after intestinal surgery. METHODS:This was a prospective, randomized study. Neonates receiving intravenous nutrient solution, including lipid emulsion after gastrointestinal surgery, were included in this study. The patients were randomly assigned to the SMOF-lipid or MCT/LCT groups. Infants who received intravenous lipid emulsion continuously for > 2 weeks were considered to have completed the study. Differences in weight gain, nutrition indices, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), and direct bilirubin (DB), and inflammation cytokine markers (interleukin [IL]-6 and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α) were measured. RESULTS:The final sample included 160 infants. One hundred fourteen infants received intravenous SMOF-lipid (74) or MCT/LCT (86) > 2 weeks and 46 infants received intravenous SMOF-lipid (22) or MCT/LCT (24) > 4 weeks. There were no significant differences in weight gain, nutrition indices, inflammation cytokine markers, and sepsis between the groups at the end of 2 and 4 weeks; however, in the SMOF group, the ALT, AST, and DB levels were significantly lower than the MCT/LCT group at the end of 4 weeks. CONCLUSION:The mixture and balanced emulsion of SMOF-lipid was well-tolerated in infants who have undergone gastrointestinal surgery, and liver-protective properties were demonstrated following long-term venous nutrition, especially > 4 weeks.

journal_name

Pediatr Surg Int

authors

Jiang W,Chen G,Zhang J,Lv X,Lu C,Chen H,Li W,Li H,Geng Q,Xu X,Tang W

doi

10.1007/s00383-018-4422-2

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-03-01 00:00:00

pages

347-355

issue

3

eissn

0179-0358

issn

1437-9813

pii

10.1007/s00383-018-4422-2

journal_volume

35

pub_type

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