Preoperative hypoalbuminemia is an independent predictor of poor perioperative outcomes in women undergoing open surgery for gynecologic malignancies.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To quantify the impact of preoperative hypoalbuminemia on 30-day mortality and morbidity after gynecologic cancer surgery. METHODS:Patients included in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) dataset who underwent any non-emergent surgery for gynecologic malignancy between 1/1/2008 and 12/31/2010 were identified. Analysis was conducted with albumin both as a dichotomous variable (<3.5 g/dl was defined as low albumin) and as a continuous variable to determine a clinically relevant cut-off value. RESULTS:Of the total 3171 patients identified, 2110 had preoperative albumin levels available for analysis. In addition, 279 (13.3%) of these patients had low albumin levels. According to multivariate analysis, the low albumin group had significantly higher odds of developing one or more post-operative complications (OR-2,CI: 1.47-2.73, p<0.0001), three or more complications (OR-4.1,CI: 2.31-7.1, p<0.0001), surgical complications (OR-2.39,CI: 1.59-3.58, p<0.0001), thromboembolic complications (OR-2.59,CI: 1.33-5.06, p<0.0001), pulmonary complications (OR-4.06,CI: 2.05-8.03, p<0.0001), or infectious complications (OR-1.84,CI: 1.26-2.69, p<0.0001) and a higher 30-day mortality (OR-6.52,CI: 2.51-16.95, p<0.0001). Upon subgroup analysis, this difference was not found in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. In patients undergoing open surgery, the probability of experiencing one or more post-operative complications increased linearly with the decrease in albumin level; however, the probability of patients experiencing three or more complications and 30-day mortality increased sharply as soon as the albumin level decreased below 3g/dl. CONCLUSION:Preoperative albumin levels <3g/dL identify a population of patients at a very high-risk of experiencing perioperative morbidity and 30-day mortality after open surgery.

journal_name

Gynecol Oncol

journal_title

Gynecologic oncology

authors

Uppal S,Al-Niaimi A,Rice LW,Rose SL,Kushner DM,Spencer RJ,Hartenbach E

doi

10.1016/j.ygyno.2013.08.011

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-11-01 00:00:00

pages

416-22

issue

2

eissn

0090-8258

issn

1095-6859

pii

S0090-8258(13)01096-2

journal_volume

131

pub_type

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