Impact of recreational and medicinal marijuana on surgical patients: A review.


BACKGROUND:As medicinal and recreational marijuana use broadens across the United States, knowledge of its effects on the body will become increasingly important to all health care providers, including surgeons. DATA SOURCES:We performed a literature review of Pubmed for articles discussing the basic science related to cannabinoids, as well as articles regarding cannabinoid medications, and cannabis use in surgical patients. CONCLUSIONS:The primary components in the cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been made available in numerous forms and formulations to treat multiple medical conditions, and recreational access to marijuana is increasing. Of particular importance to the surgeon may be their effects on prolonging intestinal motility, decreasing inflammation, increasing hunger, mitigating pain, and reducing nausea and vomiting. Perioperative use of medicinal or recreational marijuana will become increasingly prevalent, and the surgeon should be aware of the positive and negative effects of these cannabinoids.


Am J Surg


Bakshi C,Barrett AM




Has Abstract


2019-04-01 00:00:00














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    abstract:BACKGROUND:The ideal treatment algorithm for suspected choledocholithiasis is not yet well defined. Imaging options include magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC). MRCP is diagnostic, while the other two modalitie...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Badger WR,Borgert AJ,Kallies KJ,Kothari SN

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Veterans Affairs general surgery service: the last bastion of integrated specialty care.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In a time of increasing specialization, academic training institutions provide a compartmentalized learning environment that often does not reflect the broad clinical experience of general surgery practice. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of the Veterans Affairs (VA) general surgery surgical ex...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poteet S,Tarpley M,Tarpley JL,Pearson AS

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of the hepatobiliary scan in acute cholecystitis.

    abstract::The accuracy of the hepatobiliary scan in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was determined at a major United States Army Medical Center. Forty-two patients with complete medical records were selected for the study. There was 18 positive findings and 24 negative findings. The accuracy rate for the positive findings ...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cabellon S Jr,Brown JM,Cavanaugh DG

    更新日期:1984-11-01 00:00:00

  • Complicated acute appendicitis in diabetic patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with adverse events or complications in various gastrointestinal diseases. In this study, we examined whether diabetic patients had higher risk for the development of complicated acute appendicitis than nondiabetic patients. The relevant risk factors also were determined....

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai SH,Hsu CW,Chen SC,Lin YY,Chu SJ

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Radioguidance for nonpalpable primary lesions and sentinel lymph node(s).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Radioguided surgery can also be used for the simultaneous guidance to a nonpalpable primary tumor and sentinel lymph nodes. METHODS:Retrospective review of a prospective database. The surgeon used a gamma probe for guidance to an iodine-125 labeled titanium seed at the primary lesion and technetium-99 label...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gray RJ,Giuliano R,Dauway EL,Cox CE,Reintgen DS

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Antiphospholipid antibodies lead to increased risk in cardiovascular surgery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies are a heterogenous group of antibodies that have been associated with an increase in bleeding complications and a marked increase in thrombotic events, both of which result in significant patient morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A retrospective analysis of pati...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Cancer risk in endoscopically unresectable colon polyps.

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alder AC,Hamilton EC,Anthony T,Sarosi GA Jr

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Specific but limited role of new imaging techniques in decision-making about intraabdominal abscesses.

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wright HK,Dunn E,MacArthur JD,Pelliccia O

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Arrangoiz R,Papavasiliou P,Singla S,Siripurapu V,Li T,Watson JC,Hoffman JP,Farma JM

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dutta S,Dunnington GL

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hayashi JT,Wolfe BM,Calvert CC

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Eaton B,Hessler L,O'Meara L,Herrera A,Tesoriero R,Diaz J,Bruns B

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Gurer A,Ozlem N,Gokakin AK,Ozdogan M,Kulacoglu H,Aydin R

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Eubanks PJ,Sawicki MP,Samara GJ,Gatti R,Nakamura Y,Tsao D,Johnson C,Hurwitz M,Wan YJ,Passaro E Jr

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joesting DR,Beart RW Jr,van Heerden JA,Weiland LH

    更新日期:1981-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller B,Burkey S,Lindberg G,Snyder WH 3rd,Nwariaku FE

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Jacobs JR,Kish J,Ensley JF,Ahmad K,Weaver A,Crissman J,Al-Sarraf M

    更新日期:1986-10-01 00:00:00

  • The utility of CT scan for the diagnostic evaluation of acute abdominal pain.

    abstract::AbdCT for the evaluation of AAP in the ED in the US may be excessive and is potentially (although rarely) misleading and harmful. A selective policy of 'AbdUS first' combined with an observation unit and/or surgeon evaluation prior to AbdCT is preferred to a 'routine AbdCT' policy. Repeated AbdCTs for abdominal pain a...

    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bax T,Macha M,Mayberry J

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abood G,Bowen M,Potkul R,Aranha G,Shoup M

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

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    authors: Paisley AM,Baldwin P,Paterson-Brown S

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nicholson SE,Merrill D,Zhu C,Burmeister DM,Zou Y,Lai Z,Darlington DN,Lewis AM,Newton L,Scroggins S,Eastridge BJ,Schwacha MG

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mahour GH,Wooley MM,Landing BH

    更新日期:1976-11-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ambrad-Chalela E,Thomas GI,Johansen KH

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goren G,Yellin AE

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Computerized clinical decision support improves mortality in intra abdominal surgical sepsis.

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shaw A,Shaffer HA,Anuras S

    更新日期:1985-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00