[Optic neuritis].


:Optic neuritis is a frequent neuro-ophthalmological disease in which the diagnosis can be based on just a few symptoms and findings. It is not only important to differentiate from other optic nerve disorders but also to recognise special types of optic neuritis, which is mostly only possible during the course of the disease. This article presents a review of the current state in diagnosis and therapy from the authors' personal point of view.


Klin Monbl Augenheilkd


Wilhelm H,Heine C,Tonagel F




Has Abstract


2014-11-01 00:00:00












  • [46-year follow up of malignant transformation of choroid nevus with vascularized surface drusen].

    abstract::The unusual long and atypical clinical course of a prominent black choroidal tumor is presented. It was stationary for decades and became symptomatic for many years. The histologic findings post mortem showed a choroidal nervus with focal malignant change. Its symptoms were obviously caused by subretinal vascularized ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daicker B

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • [A new orthoptic training device (author's transl)].

    abstract::Diagnosis and treatment of disturbances of binocular vision are made possible by a new orthoptic training device, which is a combination of Bagolini glasses, double prisms and a fixation target which can be shifted sagitally. It combines fusion, accommodation and convergence. ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reitz M

    更新日期:1980-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Hemianopsias in cortical and subcortical lesions of the visual system: what is the difference?].

    abstract::The neuronal correlate of perception in the visual area remains unimpaired in lesions of the optic tracts or the radiatio optica. Hemianopsias due to lesions of these pathways are perceived immediately. On the contrary, hemianopsias due to a lesion of the visual cortex are not perceived or are only indirectly realized...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baumgartner G

    更新日期:1988-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Anthocyanosides in the treatment of retinopathies (author's transl)].

    abstract::Thirty-one patients with various types of retinopathy were investigated with regard to the effect of anthocyanosides on the retinal vessels. Especially in patients with diabetic retinopathy, a positive influence on the permeability and tendency to hemorrhage was observed. The importance of internal treatment of the pr...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scharrer A,Ober M

    更新日期:1981-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Inflammatory glaucomas].

    abstract::The prevalence of glaucoma in patients with intra- or extraocular inflammation is five to twenty percent. The etiopathogenesis is manifold, including classical secondary open and closed angle mechanisms as well as specific inflammatory elements. Diagnosis and follow-up studies of inflammatory glaucomas are often diffi...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Grüb M,Deuter CM,Zierhut M

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Penetrating Limbokeratoplasty for Gelatinous Corneal Dystrophy].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Gelatinous corneal dystrophy is a very rare disease in Europe and North America. Patients suffer from pain, photophobia and loss of vision, usually before the age of 20. Transplantation of limbal stem cells was proposed due to the high rate of recurrence after conventional penetrating keratoplasty. We presen...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lang SJ,Böhringer D,Reinhard T

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of corneal collagen shields and epithelial growth promoting factors on epithelialization of the human cornea].

    abstract:PATIENTS AND METHODS:In 28 patients after perforating keratoplasty followed by epithelial abrasion of the transplant the period required for epithelial closure with a therapy including collagen shields and the growth stimulating factors vitamin A and Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) was determined. RESULTS:A significant ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kammann JP,Vollenberg C

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Visual field defects and fluorescein angiography in acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (author's transl)].

    abstract::Typical visual field defects were found in 86 acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathies occurring in 71 patients. These field defects suggest a separate vascular supply of the upper and lower half of the disc and of the maculo-papillar bundle. A sub-division into four sectors can be inferred in the upper half of the ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reuscher A,Chromek W,Kommerell G

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Topographic relation of dislocated lenses to the ciliary body and vitreous base].

    abstract::There are three forms of lens dislocation in the posterior segment: intravitreal, prebasal, and intrabasal. The location of the dislocated lens depends on gravity and the condition of the vitreous body. As a rule the dislocated lens lies at the bottom of the vitreous cavity; it may be completely embedded in the vitreo...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slezak H,Arocker-Mettinger E

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Chronic endogenous endophthalmitis].

    abstract::An endogenous endophthalmitis is a severe, potentially blinding intraocular infection due to haematogenous spread of germs. In Europe, gram-positive bacteria and Candida albicans are common causative organisms. Compared to post-operative cases of endophthalmitis, endogenous endophthalmitis is relatively rare, accounti...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nentwich MM,Kampik A,de Kaspar HM

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Further clinical studies on chorioiditis geographica].

    abstract::We present two further cases of choroiditis geographica. One of them we were able to follow up for two years. This allowed us to observe from the beginning the eye which was not at first involved. Weeks before the first lesions were visible, alterations of the EOG appeared. In the other case both eyes were already inv...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pham Duy T,Miszalok V

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Ultrasound microscopy findings of artificial lenses].

    abstract::Acoustic microscopy permits a native, nondestructive and artefact-free analysis of the surface of intraocular lenses with regard to manufacturing defects, biologic cellular and membranaceous layers, and signs of degradation. Furthermore, it enables structures below the surface to be evaluated, so that inclusions, pore...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rochels R,Lieb W,Ganz S,Hoppe M

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Therapy for actinomycosis in the lacrimal pathway].

    abstract::Canaliculitis is a rare disease of the lacrimal pathway, especially of the canaliculi. It is often not identified, therefore misdiagnosed and inadequately treated. It accounts 2 % of all lacrimal diseases. False diagnoses are usually conjunctivitis, blepharitis, dacryocystitis, hordeolum and chalazion. Besides viruses...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vujancević S,Meyer-Rüsenberg HW

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Are prism glasses a sensible measure in treatment of dyslexia?].

    abstract::A short summary of the characteristics of speaking, reading and writing is given, followed by the respective anatomical, physiological and neuropsychological counterparts, which are to be described as the "Hör-Denk-Sprech-Seh-Schreib-Organismus" (H-D-S-S-SCH-O). Various disorders occurring in the H-D-S-S-SCH-O as well...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwarz C

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Impact of cataract surgery on intraocular pressure after filtering operation due to primary open angle glaucoma and secondary glaucoma in pseudoexfoliation syndrome].

    abstract:PURPOSE:To analyse the impact of cataract surgery after filtering operation on the intraocular pressure (IOP) due to primary open angle glaucoma (pOAG) versus secondary open angle glaucoma in pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX). The regulation of IOP was evaluated on the basis of criteria of advanced glaucoma intervention...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wakili N,Seitz B,Hayler J,Händel A,Jünemann A

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • [A convex-concave contact lens for vitreoretinal operations with the BIOM].

    abstract::A new convex-concave contact lens for wide-angle vitreoretinal surgery with the BIOM was developed. Placed on an eye, in which silicone oil is injected, it prevents the formation of an optically disturbing oil-water-film on the surface of the cornea. Thus the new contact lens leads to an essential improvement of the f...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eckardt C,Wiechens B

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Pressure lowering effect and side effects of 0.5% and 1.0% levobunolol eyedrops, compared with 0.5% timolol eyedrops in patients with open-angle glaucoma].

    abstract::Fifty patients with open-angle glaucoma were treated twice daily for one year with topical 0.5% levobunolol, 1% levobunolol, or 0.5% timolol. Both concentrations of levobunolol were as effective as timolol in reducing intraocular pressure over the one-year period. At the concentrations tested, levobunolol and timolol ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Stryz JR,Merté HJ

    更新日期:1985-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Disciform keratatis caused by Bartonella henselae infection: detection of a rare ocular complication of cat-scratch disease with PCR].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a common infectious disease, however its association with a disciforme keratitis is to our knowledge a previously unreported ocular complication. PATIENT:A 65-year old female was treated unsuccessfully with topical antibiotics, acyclovir and corticosteroids for several weeks bec...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gabler B,Linde HJ,Reischl U,Lohmann CP

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Spontaneous hematocornea after keratitis of various etiology].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Corneal blood staining may occur as a serious complication of persisting hyphema. In our two cases the corneal blood staining is a result of direct bleeding in the corneal stroma. HISTORY AND SIGNS:A female patient presented with a corneal blood staining through rupture of reopened vessels in interstitial k...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giessler S,Gross M,Struck HG

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of nifedipine on ocular pulse amplitude in normal pressure glaucoma].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) is reduced in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients when compared to non-glaucomatous, healthy control subjects. This might be related to a vasospastic reaction. The objective of this study was to determine if low OPA in NTG is associated with a vasospastic reaction and its resp...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt KG,von Rückmann A,Geyer O,Mittag TW

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Long-term results of congenital glaucoma microsurgery--retrospective study].

    abstract::Medium and long term results of trabeculotomy and goniotomy operations for primary congenital glaucomas treated in Lausanne between 1965 and 1990 were studied retrospectively. Parameters evaluated were intraocular pressure (IOP) and final visual acuity (VA). Data on IOP were available for 38 eyes. 66% underwent trabec...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Ancos E,Faggioni R,de Courten C

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Bilateral optic disk edema in polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal proteins and skin changes (POEMS syndrome)].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:POEMS occurs only in about 1% of plasmocytoma cases, but in more than 50% of the rare osteosclerotic subtypes and plasma cell dyscrasias. The estimated frequency is 20 cases per year in Germany. Swelling of the optic disks is an early sign of the syndrome. CASE REPORT:An osteosclerotic plasmocytoma type IgA...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Barry JC,Gleichmann M,Wilhelm H

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Improvement of Phaco Tip Geometry During Torsional Phacoemulsification].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Advanced cataract with hard lens nuclei frequently challenge the ophthalmologic surgeon when doing phacoemulsification. In the present study, we examined the effect of a new phaco tip design during cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS:100 patients were assigned to two groups. In group 1 (50 patients), the...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vetter JM,Wirbelauer C

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Gene therapy in corneal diseases].

    abstract::Gene therapy raised euphoric expectations in the past that have yet to be met and have even been lowered due to the absence of concrete clinical successes and the occurrence of some tragic incidents. In spite of the great future potential of gene therapy, numerous pilot studies in this field will probably be discontin...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hoffmann F,Junghans C

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • [The American Optical non-contact tonometer and its results compared with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (author's transl)].

    abstract::Intraocular pressure (IOP) of 617 eyes was measured with both an AO non-contact tonometer (NCT) and a Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT). - Statistical evaluation and the scattergram gave the following results: Correlation coefficient r = 0.74. Regression line y = 3.01 + 0.8x. Close agreement between mean GAT (17.8 ...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derka H

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Experimental venous thrombosis: preretinal PO2 before and after photocoagulation].

    abstract::Experimental occlusion of a retinal vein leads to retinopathy in the affected drainage area. In some cases the formation of ischemic regions, where the retina is completely destroyed, is typical for the development of this retinopathy. Laser photocoagulation restores the physiological preretinal oxygen pressure in the...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pournaras CJ,Ilic J,Gilodi N,Tsacopoulos M,Leuenberger MP

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Clinical and histopathological aspects of 113 necrotizing malignant melanomas of the choroid. 1. Clinical and histological features of necrotizing choroidal melanomas].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tumor necrosis may reflect a destructive immune reaction. Systematic and statistically significant comparative clinico-histopathologic studies have not yet been reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS:113 necrotizing choroidal melanomas (NCM) recruited from 701 enucleated globes 1967-1988 were resectioned, stained a...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bialasiewicz AA,Ma JX,Schandig U,von Domarus D,Richard G

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Experiences with anterior chamber lens implantation following intracapsular cataract extraction].

    abstract::The present paper reports on experience gathered with the first 140 implantations of the Kelman II anterior chamber lens following intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE). The technique of ICCE combined with lens implantation is described; the possible complications and the advantages of this new lens type are pointe...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clemente P

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Central serous chorioretinopathy associated with adrenal myelolipoma.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We describe a case of central serous chorioretinopathy associated with a large adrenal myelolipoma. HISTORY AND SIGNS:A 55-year old man was admitted to our clinic complaining for metamorphopsia and blurred vision in his left eye. Standard ophthalmologic examination and fluorescein angiography established th...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Katsimpris JM,Vandoros M,Petropoulos IK,Andrikopoulos P

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Examination of stereoscopic vision with the phase-difference haloscope (author's transl)].

    abstract::The authors report on the possibilities for examination of the stereoscopic vision at 2 or 4 meters by the phase-difference-haploscope. Besides a gross-qualitative test, methods of estmating realdepth acuity are described. There is a great variability of test-conditions for special scientific problems. During the rout...

    journal_title:Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herzau V,Aulhorn E

    更新日期:1975-09-01 00:00:00