The educational, racial and gender crossovers in life satisfaction: Findings from the longitudinal Health and Retirement Study.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To examine variations in life satisfaction by education, gender, and race/ethnicity over a period of eight years among middle-aged and older Americans. METHODS:Mixed-effects models were used to analyze five waves (2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014) of longitudinal data from 16,163 participants born 1890-1953 in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study. RESULTS:Life satisfaction was higher in older adults, and the Great Recession had great impact on life satisfaction. Crossover interactions were found by gender, education, and race/ethnicity. Higher education was associated with higher life satisfaction for both genders, with stronger effects for females. Hispanics had the higher level of life satisfaction than non-Hispanic Whites and African Americans. DISCUSSION:Longitudinal evidence revealed disparities in life satisfaction. The racial/ethnic differences in the impact of education suggest that the economic and health returns of education vary by social group. Researchers should continue to examine reasons for these disparities.

journal_name

Arch Gerontol Geriatr

authors

Zhang W,Braun KL,Wu YY

doi

10.1016/j.archger.2017.07.014

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-11-01 00:00:00

pages

60-68

eissn

0167-4943

issn

1872-6976

pii

S0167-4943(17)30056-0

journal_volume

73

pub_type

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