Mediators of the relationship between social activities and cognitive function among older Irish adults: results from the Irish longitudinal study on ageing.


OBJECTIVE:Evidence points to an association between social and leisure activity (SLA) engagement and cognitive outcomes, but the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown. We aimed to investigate three potential mechanisms: Vascular function, Perceived Stress, and Cognitive Reserve. METHODS:With data from 8163 adults aged over 50 in the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing, we used a structural equation model to evaluate Vascular Function and Perceived Stress as potential mediators, and Cognitive Reserve as a potential antecedent in the relationship between SLA at baseline (2009), and cognitive outcomes collected at a two-year follow-up point (2011). RESULTS:Cognitive Reserve was strongly associated both with cognitive outcomes (β = 0.306; p < 0.001) and with SLA (β = 0.694; p < 0.001). Perceived stress (β = 0.018) acted as a significant mediator in the relationships between SLA and cognitive outcomes (p < 0.001), although Vascular Function did not (β = 0.000). CONCLUSION:These results indicate that SLA may protect cognitive function partly because of its association with cognitive reserve, and partly through its impact on perceived stress. Results have policy implications for those interested in facilitating SLA to protect cognitive outcomes among older adults.


Aging Ment Health


Aging & mental health


McHugh Power J,Tang J,Lawlor B,Kenny RA,Kee F




Has Abstract


2018-01-01 00:00:00












  • Earlier migration, better cognition? The role of urbanization in bridging the urban-rural cognition gaps in middle and older age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:With the process of population aging and urbanization, a vast amount of studies have confirmed the increasing urban-rural cognition gaps, while less is known about the extent to which cognition gaps can be explained by urban-rural difference and urbanization status. This study aimed to examine the role of ur...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ye X,Zhu D,He P

    更新日期:2021-01-20 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of antisocial personality disorder in older adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There is a paucity of research on antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in the geriatric population and the majority of knowledge on the disorder is drawn from young adult samples. Researchers posit that the prevalence of ASPD as well as other personality disorders (PDs) is underestimated among older adults...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holzer KJ,Vaughn MG,Loux TM,Mancini MA,Fearn NE,Wallace CL

    更新日期:2020-10-27 00:00:00

  • Vitamin D deficiency and course of frailty in a depressed older population.

    abstract::Objective: To study the association between vitamin D levels and frailty, its components and course in a depressed sample.Methods: Baseline and two-year follow-up data from the depressed sample of the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older persons (NESDO), a prospective observational cohort study, were analyzed. The...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van den Berg KS,Arts MHL,Collard RM,van den Brink RHS,Comijs HC,Marijnissen RM,Oude Voshaar RC

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of a theoretical model of psychological resilience in older age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This article integrates a number of theoretical perspectives and examines the concept of psychological resilience in older age. Drawing on the literature it is hypothesised that an overarching construct-resilience-accounts for the functioning of a number of psychological resources (self-esteem, personal compe...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Windle G,Markland DA,Woods RT

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological symptoms among persons 50 years of age and older living with HIV disease.

    abstract::Although persons 50 years of age and older account for 10% of all US AIDS cases, the mental health needs of this growing group remain largely overlooked. The current study delineated patterns and predictors of psychological symptoms amongst late middle-aged and older adults living with HIV/AIDS in two large US cities....

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heckman TG,Heckman BD,Kochman A,Sikkema KJ,Suhr J,Goodkin K

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00

  • An updated measure for investigating basic knowledge of Alzheimer's disease in underserved rural settings.

    abstract::Objective: Older rural adults face a higher burden of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and delayed detection. This risk is heightened in rural populations that are ethnically diverse. Patients and providers are often hesitant to participate in screening, partially due to gaps in knowledge of the current science. The purpose o...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiese LK,Williams CL,Tappen RM,Newman D

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • A model predicting suicidal ideation and hopelessness in depressed older adults: the impact of emotion inhibition and affect intensity.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to begin a preliminary examination of constructs theorized to be related to suicidal behavior by testing a model of the influence of both temperament and emotion regulation on suicidal ideation and hopelessness in a sample of depressed older adults. The model was evaluated using structura...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lynch TR,Cheavens JS,Morse JQ,Rosenthal MZ

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Time to reinvent the science of dementia: the need for care and social integration.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The increasing number of older adults with dementia is a large and growing public health problem. Alzheimer's disease, the prevailing form of dementia, is projected to quadruple worldwide. To date, the care and social integration of individuals with dementia is complicated by limited collaborations between b...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Portacolone E,Berridge C,K Johnson J,Schicktanz S

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing quality of life in African-American dementia dyads.

    abstract::Objective: Both caregivers and the older adults they care for can experience declines in quality of life (QOL) over the course of the dementia trajectory. Little research has examined QOL in African-American caregivers and even less in African-American persons with dementia (PWDs), making it difficult to identify asso...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonds K,Whitlatch CJ,Song M,Lyons KS

    更新日期:2020-01-10 00:00:00

  • Factorial structure and psychometric properties of the reminiscence functions scale.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study reports on the psychometric properties and the factorial structure of the Reminiscence Functions Scale (RFS), a 43-item self-report instrument used to assess the frequencies of reminiscence for distinct functions. METHOD:The factorial validity (exploratory factor analysis, n = 453; confirmatory f...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robitaille A,Cappeliez P,Coulombe D,Webster JD

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring engagement with music: development of an informant-report questionnaire.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study describes the development of the Music Engagement Questionnaire (MusEQ), a 35-item scale to measure engagement with music in daily life. Music has implications for well-being and for therapy, notably for individuals living with dementia. A number of excellent scales or questionnaires are now avail...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanstone AD,Wolf M,Poon T,Cuddy LL

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of discrepancies in different objects of awareness in mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::Objectives: Awareness is considered a heterogeneous and non-linear phenomenon in dementia. We aim to investigate patterns of change of different domains of awareness (awareness of cognitive functioning and health condition, activities of daily living, emotional state, social functioning, and relationships) in people w...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lacerda IB,Santos RL,Belfort T,Neto JPS,Dourado MCN

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • The conversational mini-mental state examination: Estimating cognitive impairment.

    abstract::Formal cognitive testing is an integral part of the mental state examination, and we aimed to test whether clinicians were able to predict the score on the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) by watching a conversation between a person and the interviewer about their memory. A total of 41 professionals rated 30 patie...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burns A,Karim S,Morris J,Byrne J

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Moderators in the relationship between social contact and psychological distress among widowed adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examines: (1) the effect of widowed persons' frequency of contact with friends and relatives on their depressive and grief symptoms six months following spousal loss and (2) the extent to which the effects of social contact are contingent upon the degree of emotional support received from these re...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ha JH,Ingersoll-Dayton B

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Medical conditions in geriatric hoarding disorder patients.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Hoarding disorder (HD) in late life is associated with increased risk for fire, falling, poor sanitary conditions, disability, and health risks. However, research on the health status of individuals with HD is limited. Hoarding symptoms and the resulting clutter may exacerbate health conditions and lead to i...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ayers CR,Iqbal Y,Strickland K

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship and communication characteristics associated with agreement between heart failure patients and their Carepartners on patient depressive symptoms.

    abstract::Objectives: Informal caregivers who recognize patients' depressive symptoms can better support self-care and encourage patients to seek treatment. We examined patient-caregiver agreement among patients with heart failure (HF). Our objectives were to (1) identify distinct groups of HF patients and their out-of-home inf...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouldin ED,Aikens JE,Piette JD,Trivedi RB

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a cognitive stimulation program on psychological well-being in a sample of elderly long-term care hospital inpatients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The primary objective of this work is to report the observed changes in psychological well-being in a sample of long-term medically hospitalized patients, after attending a cognitive stimulation program. The secondary aim is to determine if the observed changes were related to previous cognitive level. METH...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castel A,Lluch C,Ribas J,Borràs L,Moltó E

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alzheimer Europe's position on involving people with dementia in research through PPI (patient and public involvement).

    abstract::This paper reflects Alzheimer Europe's position on PPI (patient and public involvement) in the context of dementia research and highlights some of the challenges and potential risks and benefits associated with such meaningful involvement. The paper was drafted by Alzheimer Europe in collaboration with members of INTE...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gove D,Diaz-Ponce A,Georges J,Moniz-Cook E,Mountain G,Chattat R,Øksnebjerg L,European Working Group of People with Dementia.

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Actions taken to cope with depressed mood: the role of personality traits.

    abstract::It is still largely unknown which actions people take to improve their mood when they feel they are getting depressed. Using the five-factor model of personality, we explore coping actions in a population of older adults in residential homes in relation to personality traits. A total of 350 non-cognitively impaired in...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cuijpers P,Steunenberg B,Van Straten A

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Substance abuse treatment initiation among older adults in the GET SMART program: effects of depression and cognitive status.

    abstract::This study examines how individual patient characteristics predict substance abuse treatment initiation among older adults, in an investigation based on the behavioral health service use model. Analyses tested the impact of demographic factors, substance abuse symptoms, depression and cognitive status on subsequent tr...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Satre DD,Knight BG,Dickson-Fuhrmann E,Jarvik LF

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health of older widows and widowers: Which coping strategies are most protective?

    abstract::I examine: whether specific emotion-focused coping and help-seeking strategies adopted by older widow(er)s 6 months postloss affect depressive, anger, and yearning symptoms 1 year later; whether these effects are accounted for by psychosocial factors which guide the selection of coping strategies; and the extent to wh...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carr D

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Validating a brief aging perception questionnaire (B-APQ) for older persons with chronic disease in Taiwan.

    abstract::Objectives: The purpose of this study was to validate the Chinese version of the Brief Aging Perception Questionnaire (B-APQ) for older persons with chronic disease living in Taiwan.Methods: This study recruited older patients with chronic diseases from outpatient departments of a medical center in southern Taiwan. Fi...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang YR,Lee HF,Chen CM

    更新日期:2020-03-05 00:00:00

  • FITS into practice: translating research into practice in reducing the use of anti-psychotic medication for people with dementia living in care homes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper reports on the acceptability and effectiveness of the FITS (Focussed Intervention Training and Support) into Practice Programme. This intervention was scaled up from an earlier cluster randomised-controlled trial that had proven successful in significantly decreasing antipsychotic prescribing in c...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Brooker DJ,Latham I,Evans SC,Jacobson N,Perry W,Bray J,Ballard C,Fossey J,Pickett J

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Videoconference program enhances social support, loneliness, and depressive status of elderly nursing home residents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a videoconference intervention program in improving nursing home residents' social support, loneliness, and depressive status. METHODS:Fourteen nursing homes were selected from various areas of Taiwan by purposive sampling. El...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai HH,Tsai YF,Wang HH,Chang YC,Chu HH

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Psychometric validation of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation in older adults with cognitive impairments.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) refers to an early but abnormal state of cognitive impairment with minimal functional impairment. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) as a measure of episodic memory function. METHOD:The study sample included 204 Chinese ol...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ho RTH,Fong TCT,Hon T,Chan WC,Kwan JSK,Chiu PKC,Lam LCW

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Body satisfaction and self-esteem among middle-aged and older women: the mediating roles of social and temporal comparisons and self-objectification.

    abstract::Objectives: The relationship between body satisfaction and self-esteem among older women is understudied, in particular the potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. The purpose of this study was to investigate social and temporal comparisons and self-objectification, their relationship to body satisfaction an...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watt AD,Konnert CA

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Gender-specific changes in well-being in older people with coronary heart disease: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to investigate gender-specific trajectories in well-being among older people with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to compare them with those of healthy people. METHOD:The study included a sample of 4496 participants from the first three waves of the English Longitudinal Study...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaninotto P,Sacker A,Breeze E,McMunn A,Steptoe A

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Components of impactful dementia training for general hospital staff: a collective case study.

    abstract::Background and objectives: People with dementia occupy around one quarter of general hospital beds, with concerns consistently raised about care quality. Improving workforce knowledge, skills and attitudes is a mechanism for addressing this. However little is known about effective ways of training healthcare staff abo...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Surr CA,Sass C,Burnley N,Drury M,Smith SJ,Parveen S,Burden S,Oyebode J

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Unforgiveness, rumination, and depressive symptoms among older adults.

    abstract::The experience of feeling unforgiven for past transgressions may contribute to depressive symptoms in later life. This article tests a model in which feeling unforgiven by God and by other people have direct effects on depressive symptoms while self-unforgiveness and rumination mediate this relationship. The sample co...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ingersoll-Dayton B,Torges C,Krause N

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • The use of information technology and mental health among older care-givers in Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the relationship between the use of the Internet and the mental health status of older care-givers in Australia. METHODS:It utilized data obtained from a national health survey of a stratified random sample from the total population of people with disability, aged 60 years or older and ca...

    journal_title:Aging & mental health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lam L,Lam M

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00