Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4).


:Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4; CAS No. 556-67-2) is used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymeric materials, which are widely used in various industrial and/or medical applications, such as breast implants. D4 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure and is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or to be a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D4 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies. D4 has not been shown to be genotoxic/mutagenic when tested in a number of short-term in vitro and in vivo assays. Overall, studies have demonstrated adverse effects on specific female reproductive endpoints at higher exposure concentrations; however, no D4 exposure-specific effects were noted with respect to developmental endpoints. Inhalation exposure of rats to 700 ppm D4 for up to 24 months produced effects in the liver, kidney, and uterus (weight changes, hepatocellular hypertrophy, endometrial hyperplasia, and nephropathy). Changes in the nasal epithelium (eosinophilic globules) were also noted at 150 and 700 ppm. Despite 24 months of exposure, only mild to minimal inflammatory responses were found at 150 ppm, and overall, the basic integrity of the respiratory tract was unchanged at this dose. At 700 ppm, there was an increased incidence of endometrial adenomas in female rats. Based on the adverse changes in the respiratory tract, kidney, and female reproductive tract in the chronic inhalation study, 150 ppm was determined to be the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) and was selected as the point of departure for the derivation of the workplace environmental exposure level (WEEL®) value. The inhalation NOAEL was adjusted to account for interindividual variability and residual uncertainty regarding upper respiratory tract changes still occurring at 150 ppm. An 8-h time-weighted average WEEL value of 10 ppm is expected to provide a significant margin of safety against any potential adverse health effects in workers exposed to airborne D4.


Toxicol Ind Health





Has Abstract


2017-01-01 00:00:00












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    authors: El-Helaly M,Balkhy HH,Waseem K,Khawaja S

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    authors: Esmael OA,Sonbul SN,Kumosani TA,Moselhy SS

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

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    authors: Nicolaidou V,Koufaris C

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xin QQ,Yong Huang,Jie Li,Zhang WJ,Tao Yu,Hua Wang,Cheng Zhang,Ye DQ,Fen Huang

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