Inflammatory bowel disease and cancer response due to anti-CTLA-4: is it in the flora?


:Checkpoint inhibitors blocking CTLA-4 (ipilimumab) and PD-1 (nivolumab, pembrolizumab) have transfigured our cancer treatment paradigm. However, these drugs can induce immune-related adverse events that share clinical and pathological characteristics with immune-mediated diseases. One of the most severe immune-related adverse event observed with anti-CTLA-4 is an enterocolitis that mirrors naturally occurring inflammatory bowel disease. This paper reviews the clinical, immunological, and microbiota data associated with the immune-related enterocolitis induced by the cancer immunotherapy blocking CTLA-4, ipilimumab. A parallel analysis of the mechanisms underlying inflammatory bowel diseases on the one hand, and anti-CTLA-4-induced colitis on the other hand, stresses the crucial role of the gut microbiota and of resident Treg in the genesis of both iatrogenic and spontaneous inflammatory bowel diseases.


Semin Immunopathol


Carbonnel F,Soularue E,Coutzac C,Chaput N,Mateus C,Lepage P,Robert C




Has Abstract


2017-04-01 00:00:00














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