Self-Reported Ecstasy/MDMA/"Molly" Use in a Sample of Nightclub and Dance Festival Attendees in New York City.


BACKGROUND:Ecstasy (MDMA) use has regained popularity in the United States, particularly in the form of "Molly," which is often marketed as pure MDMA. Surveys have generally not included "Molly" in the definition of ecstasy, so rates of use may be underestimated. As popularity of ecstasy increases, research is needed to examine use among those at highest risk for use-nightlife attendees. METHODS:We surveyed 679 young adults (age 18-25) entering nightclubs and festivals holding electronic dance music (EDM) parties in New York City in 2015. A variation of time-space sampling was utilized. We examined prevalence and correlates of self-reported lifetime ecstasy use. RESULTS:Self-reported lifetime ecstasy use was common (42.8%, 95% CI: 32.8, 52.7). Use was most common among older participants, frequent party attendees, and those reporting higher levels of exposure to users. Those surveyed outside of festivals were less likely to report use compared to those surveyed outside of nightclubs (AOR = 0.37, p = .015). Over a third of ecstasy users (36.8%)reported use in pill, powder, and crystal form. Ecstasy users were also more likely to report use of other drugs, including novel psychoactive substances (e.g., 2C series drugs, synthetic cathinones ["bath salts"]). Half (50.4%) reported suspecting (21.9%) or finding out (28.5%) that their ecstasy had ever contained a drug other than MDMA. CONCLUSION:A large percentage of nightlife attendees in NYC report lifetime ecstasy use. Findings should inform prevention and harm reduction programming. Further research is needed as ecstasy continues to change (e.g., in form, purity, and name).


Subst Use Misuse


Substance use & misuse


Palamar JJ,Acosta P,Ompad DC,Cleland CM




Has Abstract


2017-01-02 00:00:00












  • Programmatic, counselor, and client-level comparison of rural versus urban drug court treatment.

    abstract::Despite a number of recent evaluations demonstrating the effectiveness of "drug court" programs for reducing both substance abuse and criminal behavior, some authors have recently called for more thorough process evaluations (inside the "black box" of treatment) of these programs. Specifically, this article describes ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouffard JA,Smith S

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Child Maltreatment, Fathers, and Adolescent Alcohol and Marijuana Use Trajectories.

    abstract::Background: Little is known about heterogeneity in developmental trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use among at-risk youth. Objective: This study aims to examine how child maltreatment and father structural factors at different stages in the life course are associated with different patterns of alcohol and marijua...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoon S,Shi Y,Yoon D,Pei F,Schoppe-Sullivan S,Snyder SM

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment of Opiate Dependence: Correlations Between Prescriber Beliefs and Practices.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the existence of evidence-based guidelines, different prescriber practices around buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) of opiate dependence exist. Moreover, certain prescriber beliefs may influence their practice patterns. OBJECTIVE:To understand community BMT practice patterns and discern thei...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDonald K,Lamb K,Thomas ML,Khentigan W

    更新日期:2016-01-02 00:00:00

  • Inconsistencies over time in young adolescents' self-reports of substance use and sexual intercourse.

    abstract::When surveyed twice within a 6-month period, to what extent do young adolescents give inconsistent answers to questions about sexual behavior and substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, cocaine)? Data were collected from 1,575 urban African American and Hispanic students during fall and spring of 7th...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stueve A,O'Donnell L

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire in Older Adults.

    abstract::Background: Alcohol expectancies have been established as an important construct in the prediction of alcohol use among younger adults, but there is little understanding about the perceived expected effects of consuming alcohol in older adults. Beliefs about the expected effects of alcohol may be quite different in ol...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilson KM,Judd F,Bryant C

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Demographic Trends of Adults in New York City Opioid Treatment Programs--An Aging Population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The population of adults accessing opioid treatment is growing older, but exact estimates vary widely, and little is known about the characteristics of the aging treatment population. Further, there has been little research regarding the epidemiology, healt h status, and functional impairments in this popula...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Han B,Polydorou S,Ferris R,Blaum CS,Ross S,McNeely J

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Switching from methadone to diamorphine: 2-year results of the german heroin-assisted treatment trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several international clinical studies have found diamorphine treatment for opioid-dependent patients to show significantly better effects compared with methadone maintenance treatment. AIMS:This analysis of the German trial of heroin-assisted treatment investigates the effects on patients' health and drug ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Verthein U,Haasen C,Reimer J

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of drug users' self-reported HIV risk behaviors using a brief, 11-item scale.

    abstract::This study evaluated the reliability of self-reported HIV risk behaviors in 84 substance misusers. The 11-item HIV Risk Behavior Scale was, used to evaluate lifetime, past month, and past week risk behaviors. Cronbach's alpha ranged from .75 to .80 for the three versions. Test-retest reliability for the lifetime versi...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petry NM

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • 12-step involvement and peer helping in day hospital and residential programs.

    abstract::This study compares peer helping and 12-step involvement among participants receiving chemical dependency treatment at day hospital (N = 503) and residential (N = 230) programs, and examines relationships between both variables and outcomes. Findings show that residential (vs. day hospital) participants reported signi...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zemore SE,Kaskutas LA

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • "If it burns going down... ": how focus groups can shape fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) prevention.

    abstract::Despite public health campaigns and clinical interventions that encourage women to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy, some women continue to drink while pregnant. To provide a more in-depth understanding of how at-risk women regard--and emotionally react to--warnings about drinking alcohol during pregnancy, we con...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Branco EI,Kaskutas LA

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • Early sexual experience and later onset of illegal drug use among African American students on HBCU campuses.

    abstract::Few studies examine whether early sexual experience is associated with subsequent illegal drug use among adolescents. A sample of 7,372 African American students who had not used illegal drugs before the age of 14 were identified in the dataset of the 2001 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Substance ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Storr C,Browne DC,Wagner FA

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Khat special edition introduction.

    abstract::Although khat (Catha edulis) is not widely known outside its countries of production in East Africa and Yemen, it evokes strong views among consumers, development workers, and government officials who often behave as self-styled experts on the drug. Yet, the evidence of harm to health is scant. As khat consumption has...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse



    authors: Beckerleg S

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers to substance abuse treatment in rural and urban communities: counselor perspectives.

    abstract::The purpose of this study is to compare rural and urban substance abuse counselors' perceptions of barriers to providing effective treatment services. Data were collected from 28 substance abuse counselors in Kentucky during four focus group sessions in 2008. Line-by-line coding and memoing were used by two raters on ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pullen E,Oser C

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Drinking Goal Trajectories and Their Association with Client Characteristics and Outcomes among Clients in Outpatient Alcohol Treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Drinking goal preferences could change over time in alcohol treatment and during follow up. OBJECTIVES:To examine the stability of drinking goals over time, types of drinking goal trajectory, and the associations between drinking goal trajectories and baseline client characteristics and treatment outcomes. ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Haug S,Castro RP,Eggli P,Schaub MP

    更新日期:2018-11-10 00:00:00

  • Race, coping strategies, and substance use behaviors: a preliminary analysis examining white and American Indian adolescents.

    abstract::The association between stress exposure and substance use has been the subject of numerous studies. However, no prior study has explored the role of coping strategies in moderating the stress-substance use association for American Indian adolescents. Our preliminary study of coping strategies and substance use among a...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McNulty Eitle T,Eitle D

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Erectile Dysfunction Symptoms in Polydrug Dependents Seeking Treatment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess erectile dysfunction (ED) symptom prevalence, sexual behavior conditions, and risk factors associated to ED in a male polydrug dependent sample. METHODS:A cross-sectional design study was conducted with 102 substance-dependent male polydrug users who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clemente J,Diehl A,Santana PROH,da Silva CJ,Pillon SC,Mari JJ

    更新日期:2017-10-15 00:00:00

  • Use of small incentives for increasing participation and reducing dropout in a family drug-use prevention program in a Spanish sample.

    abstract::Poor participation rates represent one of the most serious problems facing family-based drug-use prevention programs. Strategies involving incentives have been used to increase recruitment and retention of the target population of such interventions, but in Spain, such strategies for modifying behavior are unusual. Th...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Díaz SA,Pérez JM

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance dependence treatment interventions: why we continue to fail people who use drugs in Asia.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Substance use disorders contribute to a large number of preventable deaths in Asia; a majority of the negative health consequences are associated with opioid use. User friendly and effective drug dependence treatment is limited. SCOPE:Factors mediating drug user treatment outcomes in Asia are explored, wi...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma M,Chatterjee A

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dual diagnosis on "substance abuse".

    abstract::Three large U.S. epidemiological surveys researching the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric illness and "substance abuse disorders" are reviewed: the Epidemiological Catchment Area Study, (N=20,219); the National Comorbidity Survey (N=8098), and the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiological Survey (N=42,862). Find...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Lima MS,Lorea CF,Carpena MP

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Involving stakeholders in the evaluation of community alcohol projects: finding a balance between subjective insight and objective facts.

    abstract::The role played by key community representatives in the evaluation of community alcohol projects differs according to the evaluation paradigm adopted. In evaluations that adopt a positivist, experimental design they are cast in the role of independent informants. In post-positivist evaluations they are seen as having ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boots K,Midford R

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Time-Series Analysis of the Impact of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs on Heroin Treatment Admissions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prescription drug abuse has become a major issue in the United States in recent years. Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are designed to help health care providers to prevent such abuses. There may be unintended effects of these programs. Specifically, PDMPs may move prescription opioid users to ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Branham DK

    更新日期:2018-03-21 00:00:00

  • We do what we think is the best--a content analysis of experiences of alcohol problem prevention in Sweden. A short report.

    abstract::This short report describes an ongoing project whose aim was to explore how respondents from local institutions in a Swedish municipality describe their efforts in preventing alcohol consumption and related problems. Data were collected in focus group interviews, conducted during 2003 with key informants, comprising m...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blanck P,Hensing G,Spak F

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and predictors of "heavy" marijuana use in a Canadian youth sample.

    abstract::In this investigation, secondary analyses were performed on an extensive database for 473 biological and 128 adoptive families. These data, which were gathered as part of the Vancouver Family Survey, were used to examine the prevalence and predictors of "heavy" marijuana use in a Canadian youth sample aged 14-25. Resu...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barnes GE,Barnes MD,Patton D

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Unmet drug and alcohol service needs of homeless people in London: a complex issue.

    abstract::Little research has been conducted on the drug use of those who sleep rough (on the streets) in the United Kingdom (UK). During 2000, to fill in the gaps in the knowledge base, researchers at the National Addiction Centre, London, carried out a community survey using a structured questionnaire amongst 389 homeless peo...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fountain J,Howes S,Strang J

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of a Predictive Model versus Prescription-Based Thresholds in Identifying Patients at Risk of Fatal Opioid Overdose.

    abstract::Background: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) collect controlled substance prescriptions dispensed within a state. Many PDMP programs perform targeted outreach (i.e., "unsolicited reporting") for patients who exceed numerical thresholds, however, the degree to which patients at highest risk of fatal opioid...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferris LM,Saloner B,Jackson K,Lyons BC,Murthy V,Kharrazi H,Latimore A,Stuart EA,Weiner JP

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Alcohol Use during Pregnancy among Women Attending Midwife Obstetric Units in the Cape Metropole, South Africa.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Little is known about the nature and extent of substance use among pregnant women in Cape Town (South Africa) despite the very high levels of substance use and related consequences such as FASD in this part of the country. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of alcohol use among pregnant women...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petersen-Williams P,Mathews C,Jordaan E,Parry CDH

    更新日期:2018-07-03 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and drug use among displaced persons: an overview.

    abstract::This paper provides a brief introduction to current research concerned with alcohol and drug use, misuse, and treatment among displaced persons, including immigrants, refugees, and homeless individuals. Among the topics examined are theoretical issues related to our understanding of substance use processes among displ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Johnson TP

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Introduction: Progress and issues in drug treatment courts.

    abstract::The first drug treatment court began in Miami, Florida in 1989, in direct response to the backlog of court cases for drug possession and trafficking. By mid-2001, there were 700 operational drug treatment courts and 400 more in the planning stages in the United States. In addition to providing an overview of the growt...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Harrison LD,Scarpitti FR

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Drug treatment courts and the disease paradigm.

    abstract::A defining feature of the drug treatment court movement is the judicial adoption of the disease model for explaining drug using behavior; an interpretive paradigm that historically has not played a defining role in the adjudication of drug offenders. In drug treatment courts, however, the disease model finds a very ce...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nolan JL Jr

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comorbidity for alcohol use disorders and drug use in mexican-origin groups: comparison of data from national alcohol surveys in the U.S. And Mexico.

    abstract::The comorbidity, separately, of alcohol dependence and consequences of drinking with illicit drug use is compared between Mexicans and Mexicans Americans, using data from the 1995 and 2000 U.S. National Alcohol Surveys (n = 830) and the 1998 Mexico National Household Survey on Addictions (n = 3313). Among drinkers, co...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cherpitel CJ,Robertson M,Ye Y,Borges G,Bautista CF,Lown A,Greenfield T,Bond J

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00