Effects of dietary fats on fatty acid composition and delta 5 desaturase in normal and diabetic rats.


:We have studied the effect of various diets on the phospholipid fatty acid composition and in vitro delta 5 desaturase activity of hepatic microsomes derived either from the normal or streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat. The diets studied were the standard rat chow diet and a basal fat-free diet supplemented either with 20 percent saturated fat, 20 percent unsaturated fat, or 20 percent menhaden oil. Phospholipid fatty acid composition analysis revealed that the normal rat fed the saturated fat or menhaden oil diet had significantly decreased arachidonate levels, consistent with decreased delta 5 desaturase activities and decreased 18:2n-6 intake. On the contrary, the unsaturated fat diet decreased dihomo-gamma-linolenate and increased arachidonate levels, without increased delta 5 desaturase activity. Streptozotocin-induced diabetes resulted in decreased arachidonate and delta 5 desaturase activity. The unsaturated fat diet fed to the diabetic rat also failed to correct this decreased delta 5 desaturase activity. The unsaturated fatty acids in this diet also displaced a substantial amount of n-3 fatty acids in both normal and diabetic microsomes, due to the competition between these two fatty acid families for incorporation into the membrane phospholipids. Conversely, the menhaden oil diet fed to the normal and diabetic rats displaced n-6 fatty acids, reduced delta 5 desaturase activity, and enhanced 22:6n-3 incorporation into diabetic microsomes.






Dang AQ,Kemp K,Faas FH,Carter WJ




Has Abstract


1989-10-01 00:00:00














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  • Trans fatty acids and fatty acid composition of mature breast milk in turkish women and their association with maternal diet's.

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    authors: Samur G,Topcu A,Turan S

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    authors: Eder K,Kirchgessner M

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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