Exploring the Experience of Self-Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Adults.


:One in 68 Americans has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and diagnosis is often delayed into adulthood in individuals without comorbid intellectual disability. Many undiagnosed adults resort to self-diagnosis. The purpose of this descriptive phenomenology was to explore the experience of realizing a self-diagnosis of ASD among 37 individuals who were not formally diagnosed. Results revealed five themes: feeling "othered," managing self doubt, sense of belonging, understanding myself, and questioning the need for formal diagnosis. Healthcare professionals must have an understanding of self-diagnosis to help individuals transition to formal diagnosis and to adequately educate, support, and screen this population for comorbidities.


Arch Psychiatr Nurs


Lewis LF




Has Abstract


2016-10-01 00:00:00














  • Feasibility, acceptability, and effects of gentle Hatha yoga for women with major depression: findings from a randomized controlled mixed-methods study.

    abstract::Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common, debilitating chronic condition in the United States and worldwide. Particularly in women, depressive symptoms are often accompanied by high levels of stress and ruminations, or repetitive self-critical negative thinking. There is a research and clinical imperative to evalua...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kinser PA,Bourguignon C,Whaley D,Hauenstein E,Taylor AG

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Resilience: analysis of the concept.

    abstract::Resilience describes a process whereby people bounce back from adversity and go on with their lives. It is a dynamic process highly influenced by protective factors. Protective factors are specific competencies that are necessary for the process of resilience to occur. Competencies are those healthy skills and abiliti...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dyer JG,McGuinness TM

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of knowing as a method of assessment and intervention for children exposed to family-member homicide.

    abstract::The patterns of knowing identified by Carper in 1978, specifically empirics, aesthetics, ethics, and personal knowing, continue to be applied to the expanding role of nursing. Sociopolitical knowing and unknowing add important dimensions, as well. Knowing is an individual process and a metamorphosis of interplay among...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Clements PT,Averill JB

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of four programs for the management of aggression in psychiatric settings.

    abstract::Regulatory agencies are encouraging health care facilities to address the problem of violence to employees. In response to this pressure, most psychiatric facilities now require and implement formal education for the nursing staff on a yearly or biannual basis in the management of aggressive behavior (MAB). Although s...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison EF

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Health service use among persons with self-reported depression: a longitudinal analysis of 7,164 women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Depression is a common mental disorder and a leading contributor to the global burden of disease. In Australia, depression is reportedly the leading cause of morbidity for young women. In addition to conventional treatments, there is also some evidence that there is common use of complementary and alternative...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams J,Sibbritt D,Lui CW

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Doing my best: poverty and self-care among individuals with schizophrenia and diabetes mellitus.

    abstract::Diabetes mellitus (DM) is more common among individuals with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorders than among the general population. Eleven mental health consumers diagnosed with comorbid schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder and DM participated in a grounded theory study that examined their approaches to diabetic...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El-Mallakh P

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial outcomes in young adults with cancer: emotional distress, quality of life and personal growth.

    abstract::This study aimed at assessing the psychosocial adjustment, specifically the emotional distress, quality of life (QOL) and personal growth, in a sample of 36 Portuguese young adults with cancer and 435 healthy controls. Cancer patients scored significantly lower than controls in the role, cognitive and social domains o...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monteiro S,Torres A,Morgadinho R,Pereira A

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms among HIV-positive postpartum women in Thailand.

    abstract::Depressive symptoms have been linked to faster progression to AIDS in HIV-positive individuals. The purpose of this correlational, cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among postpartum women in Thailand who are HIV-positive. Data were collected at postpartum outpati...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Ross R,Sawatphanit W,Mizuno M,Takeo K

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of Needs-oriented Hospital Discharge Planning for Caregivers of Patients With Schizophrenia.

    abstract::Hospital discharge planning for clients with schizophrenia reduces client rehospitalization rates and improves their medication adherence. The effectiveness of caregiver participation in hospital discharge planning has seldom been explored. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of caregiver partic...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin LE,Lo SC,Liu CY,Chen SC,Wu WC,Liu WI

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Depression Among Community-Dwelling Older Women Living Alone in Korea.

    abstract::This study examined the prevalence and predicting factors of depression among community-dwelling older women living alone in Korea. Of the 2054 older women living alone in this study, 42.9% (881) were experiencing depression. Factors associated with a higher prevalence of depression were overall difficulty with living...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Hong GR

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Depression in Community-Dwelling Elderly Patients With Heart Failure.

    abstract::The present cross-sectional study discussed the relationship between comorbid depression, demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and dietary self-efficacy among Taiwanese community-dwelling elderly patients with heart failure (HF). Specifically, the study examined 175 community-dwelling elderly patient...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeh HF,Shao JH

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between domestic violence against women and suicide risk.

    abstract:AIM:The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between domestic violence against women and suicide risk. METHODS:The population of the study consisted of married women aged 18 years and over in 10 Family Health Centers located within the boundaries of Yeşilyurt Municipality of Malatya Province. The study...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kavak F,Aktürk Ü,Özdemir A,Gültekin A

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Clinging to any bit of joy: urban, ethnically diverse, impoverished women's descriptions of anxiety and depression.

    abstract::Depression and anxiety are mental health issues that disproportionately affect women. This study sought to capture perceptions of anxiety and depression in 3 urban, ethnically diverse, underserved, and impoverished neighborhoods. Using community-based participatory research, in the context of long-term partnerships be...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doornbos MM,Zandee GL,Degroot J

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Medical/psychiatric comanagement by nurse practitioners in chronic hepatitis C treatment: a case study.

    abstract::This article aims to increase access to care for patients with chronic hepatitis C who have medical and psychiatric comorbidities by reporting on a clinical advanced practice nursing comanagement model for evaluation, treatment, and follow-up care. ...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gardenier D,Neushotz LA,O'Connor-Moore N

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Nurse migration in an increasingly interconnected world: the case for internationalization of regulation of nurses and nursing regulatory bodies.

    abstract::Psychiatric/Mental Health nursing has a long history of professional self-regulation; nevertheless, interest in how governments protect consumers of health care from poor or dangerous practice(s) is on the increase. Correspondingly, there have been calls, in several parts of the world, for greater watchfulness and due...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cutcliffe JR,Bajkay R,Forster S,Small R,Travale R

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Nursing care hours of patients receiving varying amounts and types of consultation/liaison services.

    abstract::Psychiatric comorbidities in the general hospital population have been found to increase the cost of health care. This descriptive study provides an in-depth analysis (including nursing hours), of general hospital patients receiving low, medium, and high intensity consultation/liaison (C/L) services from C/L psychiatr...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mallory GA,Lyons JS,Scherubel JC,Reichelt PA

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • The use of touch with the hospitalized psychiatric patient.

    abstract::A descriptive study was designed to identify and describe the ways in which registered nurses use nonprocedural touch in the inpatient psychiatric setting. Natural setting observation and nurse interviews were used to examine the decision-making process and intentions of nurses who used touch. Twenty-five incidents of...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tommasini NR

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Creating an organizational diversity vision: goals, outcomes, and future directions of the International Society of Psychiatric Nurses.

    abstract::The aim of this article was to chronicle the development and status of a diversity vision within a psychiatric nursing organization. Organizational activities to support diversity and cultural competence, along with challenges to a full integration of these values, are presented. Psychiatric nurses need to be engaged ...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yearwood EL,Hines-Martin V,Dato C,Malone M

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal depression, anxiety, psychoticism and paranoid ideation have effects on developmental delay types of infants: A study with clinical infant-mother dyads.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Developmental delay in infancy includes cognitive-language delay, fine motor delay, gross motor delay, and social-self help delay. Delay in one intellectual domain frequently effects the other areas of development; therefore, determining risk factors are essential. In this study, we evaluated the relationshi...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gül H,Gül A,Kara K

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Development and Validation of the Patient Participation Culture Tool for Inpatient Psychiatric Wards (PaCT-PSY).

    abstract::Patient participation is an important topic in mental health and receives increased attention along with deinstitutionalization. No tool exists to measure healthcare worker-related factors that influence patient participation. A three-staged study was conducted to develop and validate the 'Patient Participation Cultur...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Malfait S,Vandewalle J,Eeckloo K,Colman R,Van Hecke A

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Consumer perspectives on quality of inpatient mental health services.

    abstract::This study, conducted at two public-sector psychiatric hospitals in a south-eastern state, investigated satisfaction with inpatient services and treatment outcomes among 204 hospitalized mental health consumers. A simple survey design with nonrandom sampling technique was used; instruments included the KY-CSI, the 21-...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howard PB,El-Mallakh P,Kay Rayens M,Clark JJ

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Fundamental and special: the dilemma of psychiatric-mental health nursing.

    abstract::This article explores the tension between defining psychiatric-mental health nursing as fundamental to the discipline yet also special, an historic dilemma that continues to influence efforts to establish a secure place for the specialty. Analysis focuses on the formative work of three pioneers in this field, using pr...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Olson T

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of state regulatory environments on advanced psychiatric nursing practice.

    abstract::The first key message in the landmark Future of Nursing report is that "Nurses should practice to the full extent of their education and training" (Institute of Medicine, 2011). Although there has been significant progress across states to remove or diminish barriers to the exercise of full scope of practice by advanc...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phoenix BJ,Chapman SA

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Dialectical behavior therapy in the treatment of persons with borderline personality disorder.

    abstract::Highly suicidal, borderline patients are difficult to treat within the hospital and the community. The institution of managed care necessitates that care for these and other chronically hospitalized populations take place in the community. Psychotherapy has shown moderate success for some borderlines, however, treatme...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hampton MC

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Perspectives about depression: explanatory models among African-American women.

    abstract::Depression is a costly illness, with broad social, economic and personal consequences. It affects many black women, yet only 7% of them receive traditional treatment. Given the chronic nature of depression and its broad impact on women's wellness, there is a need for more research examining both the conceptualization ...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waite R,Killian P

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of the works of Peplau and Orlando.

    abstract::Peplau and Orlando have had a great impact on the past and current practice of mental health nursing. Their works represent some of the first attempts at theory development in nursing. This article compares and critiques the works of these two theorists. The emphasis on the interpersonal relationship is a major focus ...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Forchuk C

    更新日期:1991-02-01 00:00:00

  • Methodological concerns in evaluating psychiatric nursing care modalities and a proposed standard group protocol format for nurse-led groups.

    abstract::The importance of detailing therapeutic effort and its outcome cannot be underestimated. The need to document outcomes has been re-emphasized in recent psychiatric mental health literature; however, the methodology for addressing threats to validity is well established. This article identifies the problems and issues ...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Servellen G,Poster EC,Ryan J,Allen J,Randell BP

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Bipolar II disorder case study.

    abstract::When a patient suffering from bipolar II disorder is misdiagnosed as experiencing unipolar depression, the recommended treatment of the latter may precipitate a hypomanic or manic episode. Unchecked hypomanic symptoms may include risky behaviors, through which a patient could sustain irreparable damage to relationship...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steelman BC

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Associations Between Korean Adolescents' Energy Drink Consumption and Suicidal Ideation and Attempts.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This study examined associations between caffeinated energy drink consumption patterns and (1) participant characteristics and health-risk behaviors and (2) suicidal ideation and attempts in Korean adolescents. METHODS:Participants included 8961 adolescents who consumed the drinks more than once weekly. Data w...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim JS,Kim K,Seo Y

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of Suicide Risk: Validation of the Nurses' Global Assessment of Suicide Risk Index for the Portuguese Population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mental health problems, particularly depression, are a major risk factor for suicide. Currently, there is no way to predict, with 100% accuracy, who will make a suicide attempt, but during a clinical interview, it is possible to assess the risk presented by each patient based on the investigation of risk and...

    journal_title:Archives of psychiatric nursing

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Façanha J,Santos JC,Cutcliffe J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00