Repeated courses of intratympanic dexamethasone injection are effective for intractable Meniere's disease.

Abstract:

CONCLUSION:Intra-tympanic dexamethasone injection (ITD) could serve as a first-line intra-tympanic (IT) treatment for Meniere's disease (MD), regardless of hearing level. Even if the response to initial ITD course was unsatisfactory, a repeated course may be beneficial with some patients. OBJECTIVES:This study examined the effect of repeated courses of ITD administered on demand and investigated the possibility of ITD as an initial IT treatment for medically intractable MD patients. METHOD:Fifty-one patients who had been diagnosed with definite MD and given course(s) of ITD treatment were included. Vertigo control, pure tone average and functional disability scores were evaluated against the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery guidelines for MD. RESULTS:Vertigo disappeared or was substantially controlled in 58.8% and 23.5% of the patients, respectively, after the first ITD course. A repeated course further raised the complete vertigo control rate by 15.7% and intra-tympanic gentamycin injection could be postponed or avoided in 78.6% of the patients who required repeated IT treatment. Hearing was unchanged after the first course of ITD (p > .05). No significant differences were detected in the clinical profiles or laboratory findings between patients receiving single course of ITD and those on multiple courses (p > .05).

journal_name

Acta Otolaryngol

journal_title

Acta oto-laryngologica

authors

Leng Y,Liu B,Zhou R,Liu J,Liu D,Zhang SL,Kong WJ

doi

10.1080/00016489.2016.1224920

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-02-01 00:00:00

pages

154-160

issue

2

eissn

0001-6489

issn

1651-2251

journal_volume

137

pub_type

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