Waiting to deliver a final diagnosis.


:We report a patient with left eye positional transient visual obscurations, diplopia, a left afferent pupillary defect, and optic disk edema-all occurring during pregnancy. Noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging revealed an orbital mass encasing the optic nerve and extending through the superior orbital fissure into the cavernous sinus. An magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium after parturition and strongly positive somatostatin receptor scintigraphy suggested the diagnosis of meningioma. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis, and she was treated with CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery. In cases of atypical presentation, somatostatin receptor scintigraphy can help distinguish optic nerve sheath meningioma from alternative orbital masses.


Surv Ophthalmol


Survey of ophthalmology


Mokhtarzadeh A,Maltry A,McClelland C




Has Abstract


2017-01-01 00:00:00














  • The role of calcium-activated protease calpain in experimental retinal pathology.

    abstract::The purpose of this review is to present the recent evidence linking the family of ubiquitous proteases called calpains (EC to neuropathologies of the retina. The hypothesis being tested in such studies is that over-activation of calpains by elevated intracellular calcium contributes to retinal cell death p...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Azuma M,Shearer TR

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • The optics of aphakic and pseudophakic eyes in childhood.

    abstract::The growth of the eye results in a myopic shift in aphakic and pseudophakic eyes during childhood. Cataract surgery after the age of 6 months, with or without lens implantation, appears to have little effect on the rate of refractive growth. Most children with pseudophakia have a large amount of myopic shift. This myo...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McClatchey SK,Hofmeister EM

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Disk edema and peripheral neuropathy.

    abstract::A 55-year-old woman presented with an eight-year history of progressive gait dysfunction and a 2-3 week history of horizontal diplopia. Examination of the patient revealed acute papilledema, intermittent esotropia, and upper and lower motor neuron findings in her lower extremities. CT scan of the head showed communica...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Breen LA

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • The neuro-ophthalmology of mitochondrial disease.

    abstract::Mitochondrial diseases frequently manifest neuro-ophthalmologic symptoms and signs. Because of the predilection of mitochondrial disorders to involve the optic nerves, extraocular muscles, retina, and even the retrochiasmal visual pathways, the ophthalmologist is often the first physician to be consulted. Disorders ca...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fraser JA,Biousse V,Newman NJ

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Macular hole.

    abstract::A macular hole is a full-thickness defect of retinal tissue involving the anatomic fovea, thereby affecting central visual acuity. Macular holes have been associated with myriad ocular conditions and originally were described in the setting of trauma. The pathogenesis of idiopathic, age-related macular holes remains u...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ho AC,Guyer DR,Fine SL

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Clinical and Pathogenic Spectrum of Surgically-Induced Scleral Necrosis. A Review.

    abstract::The onset of scleral necrosis after ocular surgery may have catastrophic ocular and systemic consequences. The two most frequent surgeries causing surgically-induced scleral necrosis (SISN) are pterygium excision and cataract extraction. Several pathogenic mechanisms are involved in surgically induced scleral necrosis...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ruiz-Lozano RE,Garza-Garza LA,Cavazos-Davila O,Foster CS,Rodriguez-Garcia A

    更新日期:2021-01-07 00:00:00

  • Motion perception in glaucoma patients: a review.

    abstract::Most of the histopathological and psychophysical studies in glaucoma reveal a preferential damage to the magnocellular (M) pathway although a few of them support a damage to the parvocellular (P) pathway as well. In glaucoma, the visual fields are usually evaluated by conventional perimetry. However, it has been demon...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shabana N,Cornilleau Pérès V,Carkeet A,Chew PT

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Safety of moxifloxacin as shown in animal and in vitro studies.

    abstract::Topical treatment of ocular bacterial infection is practiced widely, and the choice of the antibacterial agent depends on the nature of the infection, including the susceptibility of the organism, the tissue affected, and the safety profile of the agent. Moxifloxacin is a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone approved for...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McGee DH,Holt WF,Kastner PR,Rice RL

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance and ocular metabolism.

    abstract::Phosphorus (31P) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) represents a noninvasive technique for the assessment of ocular metabolism. The measurement of a spectrum of phosphorus-containing metabolites (e.g., phosphorylated sugars and ATP), including a number of heretofore uncharacterized metabolites, can be made with a single...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greiner JV,Kopp SJ,Glonek T

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • Visual complaints from healthy children.

    abstract::It is common for healthy children with specific visual complaints to be seen for eye examinations. After a complete eye examination has ruled out pathologic conditions as the cause of these complaints, it is appropriate for the clinician to explore the possibility that normal entoptic or physiologic visual phenomena m...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wright JD Jr,Boger WP 3rd

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Intraoperative and postoperative pain in cataract surgery.

    abstract::Technologic improvements in cataract surgery have not only improved visual outcomes, but also have minimized intraoperative and postoperative pain. We review the mechanisms, risk factors, and management of intraoperative and postoperative pain. Summaries of less common sources of physiologic pain have been included to...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Assam JH,Bernhisel A,Lin A

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • On understanding the optics of intraocular lenses.

    abstract::The optical considerations of intraocular lenses can be understood, using only the formulae and principles taught in a typical basic science course in ophthalmology. Some of the more common optical problems associated with intraocular lenses are presented and the methods for their solutions are illustrated and explain...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller D

    更新日期:1979-07-01 00:00:00

  • Choroidal imaging biomarkers.

    abstract::The choroid is the vascular coat of the eye, and its role has been studied in multiple chorioretinal disorders. Recent advancements in choroidal imaging techniques, including enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, swept source optical coherence tomography, en face optical coherence tomography, and optica...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Singh SR,Vupparaboina KK,Goud A,Dansingani KK,Chhablani J

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric ocular sarcoidosis.

    abstract::Sarcoidosis is an uncommon cause of childhood uveitis. However, the ophthalmologist familiar with the clinical features of childhood sarcoidosis can play a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. Two subsets of pediatric sarcoidosis are identified. The 8-15 year age group has almost universal lung in...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hoover DL,Khan JA,Giangiacomo J

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Theoretical limits to visual performance.

    abstract::Wavefront sensors and scanning laser technology are enabling the correction of the aberrations of the eye. The effects of aberrations on visual performance are reviewed, and the theoretical limit of visual performance is predicted to understand the ultimate endpoint of these new technologies. A schematic eye model tha...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schwiegerling J

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Botulinum-A toxin in the treatment of craniocervical muscle spasms: short- and long-term, local and systemic effects.

    abstract::Botulinum toxin has become the initial treatment of choice for the management of essential blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm and other craniocervical dystonias. Numerous studies have confirmed a 90% to 95% response rate. Although a number of common side effects have been reported, the occurrence and incidence of rare lo...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dutton JJ

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Unilateral eyelid ptosis and a red eye.

    abstract::A 56-year-old woman presented with a unilateral ptosis induced by a nonembedded soft contact lens of approximately 2 years' duration. The unilateral ptosis most likely resulted form localized inflammation and the physical presence of the soft contact lens. The patient's symptoms resolved completely after double lid ev...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patel NP,Savino PJ,Weinberg DA

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Early detection of glaucomatous damage. II. Changes in the appearance of the optic disk.

    abstract::Once we understand that an increase in the size of the optic disk cup is due to loss of optic nerve fibers combined with some physical tissue rearrangements, it is quite clear that cupping begins as soon as nerve loss begins. Methods to detect cupping are more sensitive to the earliest glaucoma damage than are present...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Quigley HA

    更新日期:1985-09-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management.

    abstract::Early diagnosis of glaucoma is critical to prevent permanent structural damage and irreversible vision loss. Detection of glaucoma typically relies on examination of structural damage to the optic nerve combined with measurements of visual function. To aid the clinician in evaluation of visual function and structure, ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sharma P,Sample PA,Zangwill LM,Schuman JS

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in neuro-ophthalmology. Demonstration of a pontine glioma.

    abstract::The development of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging techniques provides the physician with a non-invasive means of obtaining anatomic, physiologic and biochemical information about neuro-ophthalmic disorders. The authors summarize the principles of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging and present a case report illustr...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carr WA,Baumann RJ,Baker RS

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Immunosuppressive drugs in immune and inflammatory ocular disease.

    abstract::Advances in immunology, particularly ocular immunology, have been accompanied by the emergence of safer, more specific immunosuppressive drugs, notably, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclosporine A, bromocriptine, dapsone, and colchicine. These drugs have become an important, and often es...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hemady R,Tauber J,Foster CS

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pyogenic granulomas of the cornea.

    abstract::Pyogenic granulomas are vasoproliferative, inflammatory lesions composed of granulation tissue, which occur on cutaneous or mucosal tissues, often arising secondary to other processes such as trauma or infection. Conjunctival pyogenic granulomas are not rare, but corneal involvement is very unusual and can occasionall...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Googe JM,Mackman G,Peterson MR,Richey MA,Apple DJ,Brick DC,Shaw E

    更新日期:1984-11-01 00:00:00

  • Corneal preservation: recent advances.

    abstract::New methods of corneal preservation for penetrating keratoplasty have recently been developed to meet the increasing demand for donor corneal tissue. Techniques utilized in the laboratory to evaluate the viability of the corneal endothelium and the clinical results obtained with each method are discussed. All of the n...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Horn DL,Schultz RO

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pars plana lensectomy by ultrasonic fragmentation. I. Versatile and simple technique for cataract removal.

    abstract::A comparison has been made between pars plana lansectomy and intracapsular cataract extraction Pars plana lensectomy has been shown to have many advantages. It is applicable to any age, while intracapsular cataract extraction is restricted to patients over 30 years old. It can be used in any type of cataract, whereas ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Girard LJ

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Normal and pathological mechanisms in retinal vascular development.

    abstract::Angiogenesis is a complex biologic process that occurs normally in development and in turnover and remodeling of mature vascular networks. Pathological angiogenesis and neovascularization occur in association with retinal and ocular ischemic diseases, in retinopathy of prematurity and other developmental disorders, an...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gariano RF,Kalina RE,Hendrickson AE

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intraocular lens confusions: a preventable "never event" - The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital protocol.

    abstract::Intraocular lens (IOL) confusions and errors are among the most common postoperative adverse events. Errors may occur at any stage from the decision to operate to the insertion of the IOL. The most common errors occur during IOL selection pre-operative preparation (anaesthesia given before recognition that the intende...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Zamir E,Beresova-Creese K,Miln L

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital corneal anesthesia.

    abstract::Congenital corneal anesthesia is a rare clinical entity that poses a diagnostic dilemma, particularly in the pediatric age group. The sensory deficit may be confined to the cornea, or extend to other divisions of the trigeminal nerve. The sensory deficit may occur as an isolated abnormality, as part of a complex neuro...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ramaesh K,Stokes J,Henry E,Dutton GN,Dhillon B

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • New developments in giant cell arteritis.

    abstract::Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a medium-to-large vessel vasculitis with potentially sight- and life- threatening complications. Our understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of GCA has advanced rapidly in recent times. The validity of using the American College of Rheumatology guidelines for diagnosis...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Frohman L,Wong AB,Matheos K,Leon-Alvarado LG,Danesh-Meyer HV

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Age-related macular degeneration masqueraders: From the obvious to the obscure.

    abstract::Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide with increasing prevalence owing to increased life expectancy. Intravitreal injections of antivascular endothelial growth factor agents are commonly used in exudative AMD and oral antioxidant medication for nonexudative AMD; how...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Paez-Escamilla M,Jhingan M,Gallagher DS,Singh SR,Fraser-Bell S,Chhablani J

    更新日期:2020-09-21 00:00:00

  • Systemic drug interactions with topical glaucoma medications.

    abstract::Topically administered ophthalmic medications are capable of attaining clinically important serum concentrations, as evidenced by the variety of systemic side effects they can produce. These drugs are therefore also capable of interacting with other drugs administered orally and intravenously. This is especially impor...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gerber SL,Cantor LB,Brater DC

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00