Efficacy and safety of repaglinide added to sitagliptin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized 24-week open-label clinical trial.


:Although sitagliptin and repaglinide monotherapies improve postprandial hyperglycemia, the long-term effects and safety of their combination has not been examined. In this randomized 24-week trial of Japanese patients with poor control (HbA1c 7.0-8.5%) by sitagliptin, we divided 40 patients randomly into two equal groups of the repaglinide add-on to sitagliptin (ADD-ON, n=20), or sitagliptin switched to repaglinide (SWITCH, n=20). The meal tolerance test was carried out at weeks 0 and 24. The primary outcomes were changes in HbA1c and area under the curves (AUC) of glucose from the baseline to week 24. The mean change in HbA1c from baseline to week 24 was larger in the ADD-ON (-0.87±0.63%, mean±SD), compared with the SWITCH (0.03±0.65%, p=0.000). Significant improvements were noted in the mean changes in fasting glucose and AUCs of glucose in the ADD-ON vs. SWITCH (p=0.007 and p=0.000). Insulin secretion relative to glucose elevation (ISG; defined as AUC insulin/AUC glucose) increased significantly in the ADD-ON, although the mean change in fasting insulin level was significantly decreased in the ADD-ON (p=0.015 and p=0.026). The AUC of glucagon was significantly lower at 24-week relative to baseline in the ADD-ON, but was not significant in the two groups (p=0.047 and p=0.056, respectively). The combination therapy produced significant reductions in HbA1c, AUC of glucose and fasting glucose compared with switching to repaglinide without weight gain or severe hypoglycemia. The improved glycemic control with this combination therapy may be at least in part due to augmentation of repaglinide-induced insulin secretion by sitagliptin.


Endocr J


Endocrine journal


Nishimura A,Usui S,Kumashiro N,Uchino H,Yamato A,Yasuda D,Nagasawa K,Okubo M,Mori Y,Hirose T




Has Abstract


2016-12-30 00:00:00












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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    journal_title:Endocrine journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Autonomously functioning thyroid nodule associated with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis.

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    journal_title:Endocrine journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cushing's disease in a patient with steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency.

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    journal_title:Endocrine journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in WBN/Kob rats with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.

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    journal_title:Endocrine journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Endocrine journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00