Balance performance and step width in noninstitutionalized, elderly, female fallers and nonfallers.


:The purposes of this study were to compare age, static balance performance, and step-width variables between elderly noninstitutionalized women with and without a history of falls and to determine the relationship between balance performance and step width. Each subject performed a maximum of three timed trials on the sharpened Romberg and one-legged stance tests with eyes open and with eyes closed. The first and best trial measurements were used for analysis. Each subject walked on paper walkways making ink prints for step-width measurements. The mean and the variability of each subject's step-width measurements were used for analysis. Data from 110 women, aged 60 to 89 years, were analyzed. The fallers (n = 26) had significantly lower values than the nonfallers (n = 84) on the best trial of the sharpened Romberg test in the eyes-open condition (t = 1.98, df = 108, p less than .05). No significant differences between fallers and nonfallers were revealed in age, the mean and variability of step width, the first trials of the balance tests, and the best trials on the other balance tests. For the total group, the mean measurements on the first trials were significantly lower than those on the best trials for each balance test. Small, but statistically significant (p less than .05), negative relationships existed between balance performance and the mean and variability of step width. The results of this study indicate that the methods of measuring balance and step width are clinically applicable, and the data of patients from a similar population sample may be compared with the data established in this study.


Phys Ther


Physical therapy


Heitmann DK,Gossman MR,Shaddeau SA,Jackson JR




Has Abstract


1989-11-01 00:00:00












  • Physical impairments and functional limitations: a comparison of individuals 1 year after total knee arthroplasty with control subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to examine the physical impairments and functional limitations of individuals with total knee arthroplasty (TKA), as compared with individuals with no diagnosed knee disease (control subjects). SUBJECTS:Twenty-nine individuals 1 year following TKA (13 women, 16 men)...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walsh M,Woodhouse LJ,Thomas SG,Finch E

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Fitkids Treadmill Test: Clinical Utility and Factors Associated With Its Use Among Physical Therapists.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although the Fitkids Treadmill Test (FTT) has been validated and normative values are available for healthy 6- to 18-year-old children and adolescents, these facts do not automatically imply uptake of the test in routine practice of physical therapists. OBJECTIVE:The objectives of this study were to evaluat...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kotte EMW,de Groot JF,Winkler AMF,Veenhof C,Takken T

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • A dynamical systems approach to motor development.

    abstract::The study of motor development has long influenced the clinical practice of physical therapy. We first review the contributions and deficiencies of two traditional maturational and reflex-based models of motor development. Second, we describe basic principles of kinematic and kinetic analyses of movement and show how ...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamm K,Thelen E,Jensen JL

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • High-Flow Oxygen Therapy During Exercise Training in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic Hypoxemia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The study aimed to evaluate whether high-flow oxygen therapy (HFOT) during training was more effective than oxygen in improving exercise capacity in hypoxemic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS:A total of 171 patients with COPD and chronic hypoxemia were consecutively recruited in 8 rehabi...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Vitacca M,Paneroni M,Zampogna E,Visca D,Carlucci A,Cirio S,Banfi P,Pappacoda G,Trianni L,Brogneri A,Belli S,Paracchini E,Aliani M,Spinelli V,Gigliotti F,Lanini B,Lazzeri M,Clini EM,Malovini A,Ambrosino N,Associazi

    更新日期:2020-08-12 00:00:00

  • Autism: an approach to learning.

    abstract::The literature on autism as a childhood disorder is briefly reviewed, concentrating on diagnosis and methods of treatment. The autistic child is treated as a complex organism with many unknown factors in his development. A dysfunction in sensory integration is thought to interfere with the development of physical, int...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerardot JM,Dossett R

    更新日期:1977-07-01 00:00:00

  • Transdisciplinary therapy model for the infant with Down's syndrome.

    abstract::Following a discussion of the motor deficits commonly associated with Down's syndrome, a transdisciplinary developmental therapy model is proposed for use with infants with Down's syndrome. The model includes components from various existing intervention programs for infants as well as some current therapeutic appraoc...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris SR

    更新日期:1980-04-01 00:00:00

  • Physical therapist role satisfaction in the treatment of the spinal cord-injured person.

    abstract::The purpose of this article is to discuss role satisfaction and role deprivation experienced by the physical therapist during rehabilitation of the spinal cord-injured person. Physical therapist goals to promote patient independence may be in conflict with the therapist experiencing role satisfaction. The patient-ther...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Curtis KA

    更新日期:1985-02-01 00:00:00

  • Muscle mutability. Part 1. General concepts and adaptations to altered patterns of use.

    abstract::During the past two decades investigators have shown that muscle fiber is highly mutable. A variety of stimuli ranging from patterns of use to the nutritional state of the organism may lead to alterations in fiber structure and function. The purpose of this review is to provide the information necessary to understand ...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rose SJ,Rothstein JM

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Establishing minimal clinically important differences for scores on the pediatric evaluation of disability inventory for inpatient rehabilitation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Standardized pediatric assessment tools such as the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) numerically quantify changes during rehabilitation through test scores, but they are unable to provide client-specific information regarding important changes in function. The purpose of this s...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iyer LV,Haley SM,Watkins MP,Dumas HM

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Role-model concepts before and after the formal professional socialization period.

    abstract::Physical therapy students in baccalaureate-degree programs used a forced-choice Q sort of 49 characteristics of physical therapists to describe their concepts of a physical therapy role model at the beginning and again at the end of basic professional training. In ranking the items with the 10 highest mean values (mos...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobson BF

    更新日期:1980-02-01 00:00:00

  • Physical Training and Activity in People With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: Paradigm Shift.

    abstract::Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) occurs in more than 50% of people with diabetes and is an important risk factor for skin breakdown, amputation, and reduced physical mobility (ie, walking and stair climbing). Although many beneficial effects of exercise for people with diabetes have been well established, few stud...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kluding PM,Bareiss SK,Hastings M,Marcus RL,Sinacore DR,Mueller MJ

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cost-effectiveness of acupuncture care as an adjunct to exercise-based physical therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The delivery of acupuncture alongside mainstream interventions and the cost-effectiveness of "alternative" treatments remain areas of controversy. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by UK National Health Service (...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Whitehurst DG,Bryan S,Hay EM,Thomas E,Young J,Foster NE

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of unilateral brain damage on contralateral and ipsilateral upper extremity function in hemiplegia.

    abstract::This article describes the long-term effects of unilateral penetrating hemispheric lesions on contralateral and ipsilateral upper extremity motor performance and functional outcome. Activities-of-daily-living skill and gross motor performance contralateral to the lesions were compared among 32 left-sided and 19 right-...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smutok MA,Grafman J,Salazar AM,Sweeney JK,Jonas BS,DiRocco PJ

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a quality assurance program as an integral part of the physical therapy system.

    abstract::The purposes of this article are to describe the conditions that must be met and the process that must be carried out to develop, implement, and evaluate a quality assurance program. The conditions to be met are administrative support for the program; knowledge of quality assurance theories and components (including s...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morgenstein S,Simpkins S,Maring J

    更新日期:1982-04-01 00:00:00

  • Locomotor Training and Strength and Balance Exercises for Walking Recovery After Stroke: Response to Number of Training Sessions.

    abstract:Background:Evidence-based guidelines are needed to inform rehabilitation practice, including the effect of number of exercise training sessions on recovery of walking ability after stroke. Objective:The objective of this study was to determine the response to increasing number of training sessions of 2 interventions-l...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Rose DK,Nadeau SE,Wu SS,Tilson JK,Dobkin BH,Pei Q,Duncan PW

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Use of outpatient physical therapy services by people with musculoskeletal conditions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Because musculoskeletal conditions contribute to functional decline and activity limitation, physical therapy intervention may be an appropriate health care resource. The purpose of this research was to identify determinants of outpatient physical therapy use by people with musculoskeletal condit...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carter SK,Rizzo JA

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Stability of Bayley Motor Scale scores in the first year of life.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine whether Bayley Motor Scale scores were stable in infants during the first year of life, that is, whether each individual infant's score was essentially the same at each of the five test ages. Subjects were 15 low-risk and 8 high-risk infants with Bayley Scales of Infant Devel...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coryell J,Provost B,Wilhelm IJ,Campbell SK

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Low Back Activity Confidence Scale (LoBACS): preliminary validity and reliability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Low back pain affects a substantial number of adults each year and is persistent or recurrent for many. Self-efficacy is an important predictor of functional recovery. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this investigation was to assess the preliminary reliability and validity of the Low Back Activity Confidence Scale...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamada KA,Lewthwaite R,Popovich JM Jr,Beneck GJ,Kulig K,Physical Therapy Clinical Research Network.

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of a large infected thoracic spine wound using high voltage pulsed monophasic current.

    abstract::This case report describes the use of electrical stimulation with high voltage pulsed monophasic current for treatment of a large, infected wound of the thoracic spine, following a surgical debridement procedure. The patient was a 21-year-old man with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy who was dependent for all self-...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fitzgerald GK,Newsome D

    更新日期:1993-06-01 00:00:00

  • Health Competency Standards in Physical Therapist Practice.

    abstract::Although the physical therapist profession is the leading established, largely nonpharmacological health profession in the world and is committed to health promotion and noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention, these have yet to be designated as core physical therapist competencies. Based on findings of 3 Physical Th...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dean E,Skinner M,Myezwa H,Mkumbuzi V,Mostert K,Parra DC,Shirley D,Söderlund A,de Andrade AD,Abaraogu UO,Bruno S,Clark D,Gylfadóttir S,Jones A,Veluswamy SK,Lomi C,Moffat M,Morris D,Stensdotter AK,Wong WP,Global Hea

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Sequential analyses of postural reactions in nonhandicapped infants.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to identify an empirically validated sequence of automatic postural reactions in a sample of 40 nonhandicapped infants. Using a cross-sectional design, we tested infants between the ages of 2 and 10 months for the presence of full and partial righting, equilibrium, and protective reaction...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haley SM

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Adding Physical Impairment to Risk Stratification Improved Outcome Prediction in Low Back Pain.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Identifying subgroups of low back pain (LBP) has the potential to improve prediction of clinical outcomes. Risk stratification is one such strategy that identifies similar characteristics indicative of a common clinical outcome trajectory. The purpose of this study was to determine if an empirically derived s...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beneciuk JM,George SZ

    更新日期:2021-01-04 00:00:00

  • Electromyographic biofeedback applications to the hemiplegic patient. Changes in upper extremity neuromuscular and functional status.

    abstract::The effect of a specific EMG biofeedback treatment protocol on quantified changes in neuromuscular measures and functional activities was examined among the upper extremities of 22 chronic stroke patients who each received 60 feedback training sessions. These data were compared with changes measured from a Control Gro...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wolf SL,Binder-MacLeod SA

    更新日期:1983-09-01 00:00:00

  • Scapular taping in the treatment of anterior shoulder impingement.

    abstract::The purpose of this case report is to describe how taping designed to promote proximal scapular stability was used in conjunction with other physical therapy interventions to manage a patient with anterior shoulder impingement. The taping technique is described in detail. The evaluation and treatment of a patient with...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Host HH

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Proposing 6 dimensions within the construct of movement in the movement continuum theory.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The Movement Continuum Theory (MCT) provides a potential basis for movement assessment and intervention, but "movement" lacks specificity. The purposes of this study were to propose and evaluate a subdivision of movement into multiple dimensions. SUBJECTS:A convenience sample of 318 adults compl...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Allen DD

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Individual expectation: an overlooked, but pertinent, factor in the treatment of individuals experiencing musculoskeletal pain.

    abstract::Physical therapists consider many factors in the treatment of patients with musculoskeletal pain. The current literature suggests expectation is an influential component of clinical outcomes related to musculoskeletal pain for which physical therapists frequently do not account. The purpose of this clinical perspectiv...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bialosky JE,Bishop MD,Cleland JA

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a clinical measure of postural control for assessment of adaptive seating in children with neuromotor disabilities.

    abstract::The primary purposes of this article are to review the literature on seating assessment and to describe the development of a clinical evaluation scale, the Seated Postural Control Measure (SPCM), for use with children requiring adaptive seating systems. The SPCM is an observational scale of 22 seated postural alignmen...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fife SE,Roxborough LA,Armstrong RW,Harris SR,Gregson JL,Field D

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Teleassessment of Gait and Gait Aids: Validity and Interrater Reliability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Gait and mobility aid assessments are important components of rehabilitation. Given the increasing use of telehealth to meet rehabilitation needs, it is important to examine the feasibility of such assessments within the constraints of telerehabilitation. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to examine...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Venkataraman K,Amis K,Landerman LR,Caves K,Koh GC,Hoenig H

    更新日期:2020-04-17 00:00:00

  • After-effect of microneurography in humans. Part IV.

    abstract::Twenty subjects were followed up to three months after microneurographic recording of sympathetic nerve fiber activity to determine the nature and incidence of sequelae to the invasive microneurographic procedure. Skin or muscle parethesias lasting two weeks on the average were reported by the majority of subjects. Ni...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Littell EH

    更新日期:1981-11-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of a Short-Term Disability Awareness Program on Knowledge and Attitudes of School-Aged Children in Southern Belize: Results of a Community-University Partnership.

    abstract:Background:Little is known about the attitudes of children living in Central America toward people with disabilities or the effectiveness of a disability awareness program in influencing their knowledge and attitudes. Objective:The study objectives were to evaluate the effectiveness of a disability awareness program i...

    journal_title:Physical therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magnusson DM,Cal F,Boissonnault JS

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00