Gender differences in retrieval from long-term memory following acute intoxication with ethanol.


:The present study investigated the effects of ethanol on retrieval from long-term memory by using a set of cognitive decision tasks. Male and female subjects were administered either 0.0 or 1.0 milliliter of ethanol per kilogram of body weight, and then asked to make physical, lexical, and semantic decisions about pairs of words. In general, intoxicated subjects responded significantly slower than sober subjects on all decision types. In addition, female subjects demonstrated greater performance deficits than males when intoxicated. The results suggested that the reduction in speed was not due to a simple slowing of motor responses. Rather the ethanol induced memory deficits may result from the slowing of cognitive operations that impair the efficiency of working memory. Several reasons were proposed for the observed difference in reaction to intoxication between male and female subjects, including neuroendocrine processes and cognitive differences.


Physiol Behav


Physiology & behavior


Haut JS,Beckwith BE,Petros TV,Russell S




Has Abstract


1989-06-01 00:00:00














  • The effects of restraint stress on intake of preferred and nonpreferred solutions in rodents.

    abstract::In these experiments we determined whether stress influenced intake of different flavored test solutions or only those that were preferred. In a series of studies, rats or hamsters were exposed to acute (1 h) or repeated (3 h/day for 3 days) restraint stress immediately followed by access to one of four tastants (sacc...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howell LA,Harris RB,Clarke C,Youngblood BD,Ryan DH,Gilbertson TA

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Postnatal development of hypothalamic inputs to the dorsal vagal complex in rats.

    abstract::The hypothalamus is critically involved in energy homeostasis and is an appropriate focus for research investigating the central neural underpinnings of obesity, anorexia and normal food intake. However, little is known regarding pathways and mechanisms that convey relevant hypothalamic signals to the brainstem circui...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rinaman L

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Problem-solving behaviour in apomorphine-susceptible and unsusceptible rats.

    abstract::Pharmacogenetically selected apomorphine-susceptible (APO-SUS) and apomorphine-unsusceptible (APO-UNSUS) rats were trained in a discrimination learning paradigm. After the initial discrimination task was solved, reinforcement contingencies were reversed. No differences between APO-SUS and APO-UNSUS animals were found ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coenders CJ,Kerbusch SM,Vossen JM,Cools AR

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Learned control of meal size in spontaneously obese and nonobese bonnet macaque monkeys.

    abstract::Ten pairs of obese and nonobese monkeys, matched for age and sex, received one liquid test meal a day for 4 days. Testing was conducted during the middle of a 6-h period of food deprivation. At all other times the monkeys were freely fed on maintenance chow biscuits. The first test meal of grape and orange flavor drin...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Booth DA,Grinker JA

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mate choice could be random in female rats (Rattus norvegicus).

    abstract::Female mate choice is often investigated in terms of reproductive success in order to understand how male characteristics contribute to sexual attractiveness. Previous studies have found that females rats prefer mating with their first encounter rather than males visited subsequently, suggesting that the rewarding val...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Le Moëne O,Snoeren EM

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Trot-gallop gait transitions in quadrupeds.

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    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vilensky JA,Libii JN,Moore AM

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental enrichment enhances delayed-type hypersensitivity in both short- and long-day Siberian hamsters.

    abstract::Darwinian fitness reflects trade-offs between reproduction and survival. Mechanisms have evolved in small nontropical mammals and birds to maximize reproductive output during the summer when thermoregulatory demands are relatively low and food is abundant and to shunt energy to processes that presumably increase the o...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Workman JL,DeWitt SJ,Fonken LK,Nelson RJ

    更新日期:2010-04-19 00:00:00

  • Influence of citicoline on citalopram-induced antidepressant activity in depressive-like symptoms in male mice.

    abstract::Depression is associated with significant functional disabilities. Application of new drugs which could enhance the effectiveness of antidepressants drug and reduce side effects of their long-term use seems necessary. Citicoline is used as an effective chemical agent for improving the symptoms of some neurodegenerativ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roohi-Azizi M,Torkaman-Boutorabi A,Akhondzadeh S,Nejatisafa AA,Sadat-Shirazi MS,Zarrindast MR

    更新日期:2018-10-15 00:00:00

  • High affinity binding of the calcium channel blocker, (+)-[methyl-3H]PN200-110(3HPN) in rat brain.

    abstract::PN200-110 is a recently introduced 1,4-dihydropyridine which has been demonstrated to be a potent calcium channel blocker. 3HPN has been shown to bind in a specific saturable manner to P2 fractions obtained from brain homogenates from male Sprague-Dawley rats. 3HPN binding was found to be temperature-dependent. Specif...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magill SB,Stone JS,Parmar SS

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Naloxone microinjected into the arcuate nucleus has differential effects on ventilation in male and female rats.

    abstract::The arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, a highly sexually dimorphic brain region, has been called the bed nucleus for endogenous opioids. The potential contribution of opioids in this nucleus to modulate control of ventilation in male and female rats has not been investigated. The purpose of the present study is to d...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlenker EH,Martin DS,Lin XM,Egland MC

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Conditioned control of ingestive behavior by acarbose-induced inhibition of sucrose ingestion in the rat.

    abstract::It has been reported that the addition of Acarbose, a alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, to a carbohydrate solution blocks a preference that otherwise would be displayed for that solution. One interpretation of those results is that the alteration in preference was caused by the diminished postabsorptive nutritive value of ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis JD,Perez MC,Kung TM

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Water-deprivation prevents morphine-, but not LiCl-induced, suppression of sucrose intake.

    abstract::Intake of a saccharin-conditioned stimulus (CS) can be suppressed following pairing with an aversive agent such as lithium chloride (LiCl) or x-rays (referred to as a conditioned taste aversion or CTA), a highly rewarding sucrose solution (referred to as an anticipatory contrast effect), or a drug of abuse such as mor...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grigson PS,Lyuboslavsky PN,Tanase D,Wheeler RA

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Aggression in female mice: contrasting effects of amiflamine (FLA 336), a selective and reversible MAO-type A inhibitor.

    abstract::The effects of FLA 336 on the attack by resident groups of female mice on strange female intruders were assessed. This MAO-type A inhibitor clearly suppressed attack in treated subjects without producing major alterations in other activities but there was no clear dose-response relationship. The substance also increas...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wallian L,Brain PF,Haug M

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Sympathetic mediation of stress and aggressive competition: plasma catecholamines in free-living male tree lizards.

    abstract::The sympathetic nervous system and adrenal catecholaminergic tissue act to prepare an animal for "fight or flight" by release of catecholamines into synapses and plasma. However, few studies have measured plasma catecholamines in nonmammalian vertebrates and none have measured them in free-living animals. We report pl...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matt KS,Moore MC,Knapp R,Moore IT

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • Naloxone decreases consumption of liquid and solid sucrose in vagotomized rats.

    abstract::Intraperitoneal injections of the opiate antagonist naloxone decreased food intake in both vagotomized and sham-vagotomized rats. Consumption of liquid and solid sucrose, which were used in order to equate baseline intake, was equally suppressed in both groups under food-deprivation and appetitively-motivated conditio...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarkson DB,King BM,Hemmer RC,Olson GA,Kastin AJ,Olson RD

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Twelve Sprague-Dawley male albino rats were tested with or without combined antagonism of peripheral H1 (using 2 mg/kg dexbrompheniramine IP) and H2 (using 32 mg/kg cimetidine IP) receptors for histamine prior to (a) drinking after 2.5 mg/kg histamine SC, (b) drinking after 24-hr water deprivation, and (c) drinking du...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kraly FS,Coogan LA,Mashkuri PL,Kellman SA

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • Water deprivation produces an exercise-induced weight loss phenomenon in the rat.

    abstract::Rats given restricted feeding and allowed free access to activity wheels increase activity, decrease food intake, and lose body weight compared to nonexercised controls. The phenomenon is of interest because of the relationship between exercise and anorexia nervosa. This study determined if another factor that energiz...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rieg TS,Doerries LE,O'Shea JG,Aravich PF

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Anatomical and physiological characteristics of perineal muscles in the female rabbit.

    abstract::Little information is available on the participation of the perineal striated muscles in female reproductive processes. Here, we describe the gross anatomy and innervation of two striated perineal muscles in the female rabbit, the bulbospongiosus (BSM) and ischiocavernosus (ISM), and analyze their reflex electromyogra...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cruz Y,Hudson R,Pacheco P,Lucio RA,Martínez-Gómez M

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral and physiological responses of dairy goats to food thwarting.

    abstract::Eight Nubian dairy goat does in one experiment, and eight Alpine dairy goat does in a second experiment, were randomly allotted to food-thwarted or fed groups in a crossover experimental design. Food thwarting was hypothesized to produce an emotional state analogous to frustration. After a 1-week training period durin...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carbonaro DA,Friend TH,Dellmeier GR,Nuti LC

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Ingestion in the satiated rat: role of alpha and beta receptors in mediating effects of hypothalamic adrenergic stimulation.

    abstract::Anterior perifornical hypothalamic injection of l-norepinephrine in satiated rats elicits a brief, vigorous drinking response followed within a minute or two by a vigorous feeding response. These adrenergically elicited responses, which bear striking similarities to a rat's naturally motivated ingestive behaviors, wer...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leibowitz SF

    更新日期:1975-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of lysine on afferent activity of the hepatic branch of the vagus nerve in normal and L-lysine-deficient rats.

    abstract::Amino acid deficiency was modeled by feeding rats a diet deficient in the essential L-amino acid, L-lysine (L-lys). There is a rapid anorectic response to such a diet, and a strong preference for L-lys develops during the deficiency. While the brain appears to trigger this preference, the peripheral pathways that info...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Torii K,Niijima A

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Stress enhances the response to reward reduction but not food-motivated responding.

    abstract::The effect of a single exposure to foot shock stress on runway responding for food reinforcement was assessed in animals trained and tested with the same or changed reinforcement magnitude. Foot shock (30 1-s shocks, 1.0 mA) exerted no impact on runway responding in animals trained and tested with the same level of re...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bowers WJ,Attiast E,Amit Z

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Trypsin inhibitor effects on food intake and weight gain in Zucker rats.

    abstract::Decreased body weight and increased pancreas weight which occur in rats fed raw soybeans are thought to be due to the presence of trypsin inhibitors in the soybeans (SBTI). Since trypsin is postulated to be a negative feedback signal for cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion, SBTI may have these effects by increasing secret...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin CL,Peikin SR,Baile CA

    更新日期:1983-10-01 00:00:00

  • The circadian rhythm of cortisol in the saliva of young pigs.

    abstract::Single and population-mean cosinor analyses document a circadian rhythm in salivary cortisol of pigs (p < 0.001). The midline estimated statistic of rhythm, the MESOR (M), is 1.50 +/- 0.07 ng/ml. For the group of 14 pigs studied there was a predictable variation of 64% around this mean in salivary cortisol within a da...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekkel ED,Dieleman SJ,Schouten WG,Portela A,Cornélissen G,Tielen MJ,Halberg F

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Involvement of corticosterone in cardiovascular responses to an open-field novelty stressor in freely moving rats.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to investigate the modulatory action of different concentrations of circulating corticosterone occupying either predominantly mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) or both MR and glucocorticoid receptors (GR) in control of cardiovascular responses to a novelty stressor. Six groups of rats w...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van den Buuse M,van Acker SA,Fluttert MF,de Kloet ER

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of flutamide (an antiandrogen) and diethylstilbestrol on the reproductive behavior of Japanese quail.

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    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adkins-Regan E,Garcia M

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Male expulsion in cooperative Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus).

    abstract::Mongolian gerbils are territorial rodents of steppes and semideserts of Mongolia and Northern China. At least under laboratory conditions, the family life is characterized by long-term harmonious and short-term aggressive periods in which some members are expelled. The purpose of this study was to clarify which featur...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scheibler E,Weinandy R,Gattermann R

    更新日期:2006-01-30 00:00:00

  • Electrophysiological and behavioral studies of taste discrimination in the axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum).

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    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takeuchi HA,Masuda T,Nagai T

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mild exercise in female subjects impairs complex learning independent of hydration status and emotion.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Depending on type, intensity and duration, exercise can have both beneficial and detrimental effects on cognitive function. The impact of exercise on learning and memory is also sensitive to hydration status, so we hypothesized that mild hypohydration induced with exercise, will adversely impact executive ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner JM,Marsteller DA,Luxkaranayagam AT,Fletcher JM,Stachenfeld NS

    更新日期:2017-10-15 00:00:00

  • Taste synergism between monosodium glutamate and disodium 5'-guanylate.

    abstract::The examples of "synergism" reported in the taste literature fit the common definition of the term but may merely reflect normal additivity in the taste system. That is, the perceived intensities of these "synergistic" mixtures exceed the sums of the perceived intensities of the unmixed taste components (addition of p...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rifkin B,Bartoshuk LM

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00