Responses of regional kidney perfusion to vasoconstrictors in anaesthetized rabbits: dependence on agent and renal artery pressure.

Abstract:

:1. We tested the effects of intravenous infusions of angiotensin II (AngII; 300 ng/kg per min) and the vasopressin V1 receptor agonist [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin (30 ng/kg per min) on regional kidney perfusion in an extracorporeal circuit model in anaesthetized rabbits in which renal artery pressure (RAP) can be set independently of systemic mean arterial pressure. To test whether the level of RAP can influence the renal vascular response to [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin, we compared its effects when RAP was initially set at approximately 65 mmHg with those when RAP was set at approximately 130 mmHg. 2. When RAP was initially set at approximately 65 mmHg, a 20min infusion of AngII increased RAP (13%) and reduced renal blood flow (RBF; 50%) and cortical perfusion (CBF; 43%). Medullary perfusion (MBF) transiently increased during the first 10 min of infusion, but was not significantly different from control levels during the final 5 min of infusion. 3. When RAP was initially set at approximately 65 mmHg, a 20 min infusion of [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin increased RAP (9%) and reduced RBF (21%); MBF was reduced by 57%, but CBF was reduced by only 15%. In contrast, when RAP was initially set at approximately 130 mmHg, infusion of [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin reduced RAP (7%) and increased RBF (13%). In these experiments, MBF was reduced by 38%, but CBF increased by 6%. 4. Our experiments show that AngII preferentially reduces CBF, while [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin preferentially reduces MBF. The renal vascular responses to [Phe2,Ile3,Orn8]-vasopressin appear to be profoundly affected by the level of RAP, because increasing RAP from approximately 65 to approximately 130 mmHg transforms its cortical vasoconstrictor effect into cortical vasodilatation while leaving the response of the medullary microvasculature relatively unchanged. Whether renal vascular responses to other vasoactive agents (e.g. AngII) are similarly affected by the level of RAP remains to be determined.

authors

Evans RG,Correia AG,Weekes SR,Madden AC

doi

10.1046/j.1440-1681.2000.03377.x

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-12-01 00:00:00

pages

1007-12

issue

12

eissn

0305-1870

issn

1440-1681

journal_volume

27

pub_type

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